参考文献

关键文献

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2018 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

Ford ES, Croft JB, Mannino DM, et al. COPD surveillance - United States, 1999-2011. Chest. 2013 Jul;144(1):284-305.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

Anthonisen NR, Connett JE, Kiley JP, et al. Effects of smoking intervention and the use of an inhaled anticholinergic bronchodilator on the rate of decline of FEV1. The Lung Health Study. JAMA. 1994 Nov 16;272(19):1497-505.摘要 external link opens in a new window

Siafakas NM, Vermeire P, Pride NB, et al. Optimal assessment and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The European Respiratory Society Task Force. Eur Respir J. 1995 Aug;8(8):1398-420.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

Celli BR, MacNee W, Agusti A, et al; ATS/ERS Task Force. Standards for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with COPD: a summary of the ATS/ERS position paper. Eur Respir J. 2004 Jun;23(6):932-46.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

Weill D, Benden C, Corris PA, et al. A consensus document for the selection of lung transplant candidates: 2014 - an update from the Pulmonary Transplantation Council of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 Jan;34(1):1-15.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

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