参考文献

参考文献

1. Coronaviridae Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. The species severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nat Microbiol. 2020 Apr;5(4):536-44.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

2. World Health Organization. COVID-19 clinical management: living guidance. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

3. National Institutes of Health. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment guidelines. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

4. Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2020 Feb 17;41(2):145-51.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

5. Colaneri M, Sacchi P, Zuccaro V, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) early findings from a teaching hospital in Pavia, North Italy, 21 to 28 February 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020 Apr;25(16).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

6. Docherty AB, Harrison EM, Green CA, et al. Features of 20 133 UK patients in hospital with covid-19 using the ISARIC WHO clinical characterisation protocol: prospective observational cohort study. BMJ. 2020 May 22;369:m1985.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

7. CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Severe outcomes among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): United States, February 12 - March 16, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Mar 27;69(12):343-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

8. Leidman E, Duca LM, Omura JD, et al. COVID-19 trends among persons aged 0-24 years: United States, March 1-December 12, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Jan 22;70(3):88-94.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

9. Viner RM, Mytton OT, Bonell C, et al. Susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and adolescents compared with adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Feb 1;175(2):143-56.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

10. Li B, Zhang S, Zhang R, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Front Pediatr. 2020 Nov 2;8:591132.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

11. Dong Y, Mo X, Hu Y, et al. Epidemiology of COVID-19 among children in China. Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2020 Jun;145(6):e20200702.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

12. Garazzino S, Montagnani C, Donà D, et al. Multicentre Italian study of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and adolescents, preliminary data as at 10 April 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020 May;25(18).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

13. Brambilla I, Castagnoli R, Caimmi S, et al. COVID-19 in the pediatric population admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Northern Italy: preliminary clinical data. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 Jul;39(7):e160.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

14. Livingston E, Bucher K. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Italy. JAMA. 2020 Apr 14;323(14):1335.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

15. Tagarro A, Epalza C, Santos M, et al. Screening and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children in Madrid, Spain. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Apr 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

16. American Academy of Pediatrics. Children and COVID-19: state-level data report. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

17. Swann OV, Holden KA, Turtle L, et al. Clinical characteristics of children and young people admitted to hospital with covid-19 in United Kingdom: prospective multicentre observational cohort study. BMJ. 2020 Aug 27;370:m3249.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

18. Bailey LC, Razzaghi H, Burrows EK, et al. Assessment of 135,794 pediatric patients tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 across the United States. JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Feb 1;175(2):176-84.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

19. Kitano T, Kitano M, Krueger C, et al. The differential impact of pediatric COVID-19 between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of fatality and ICU admission in children worldwide. PLoS One. 2021 Jan 29;16(1):e0246326.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

20. Zhu Y, Bloxham CJ, Hulme KD, et al. A meta-analysis on the role of children in SARS-CoV-2 in household transmission clusters. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

21. Castagnoli R, Votto M, Licari A, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children and adolescents: a systematic review. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Sep 1;174(9):882-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

22. Khalil A, Kalafat E, Benlioglu C, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical features and pregnancy outcomes. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Aug;25:100446.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

23. Knight M, Bunch K, Vousden N, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women admitted to hospital with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in UK: national population based cohort study. BMJ. 2020 Jun 8;369:m2107.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

24. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data on COVID-19 during pregnancy. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

25. Zambrano LD, Ellington S, Strid P, et al. Update: characteristics of symptomatic women of reproductive age with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection by pregnancy status: United States, January 22–October 3, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Nov 6;69(44):1641-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

26. Chou R, Dana T, Buckley DI, et al. Epidemiology of and risk factors for coronavirus infection in health care workers: a living rapid review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Jul 21;173(2):120-36.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

27. Chou R, Dana T, Buckley DI, et al. Update alert 7: epidemiology of and risk factors for coronavirus infection in health care workers. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Feb 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

28. Galanis P, Vraka I, Fragkou D, et al. Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and associated factors in health care workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hosp Infect. 2020 Nov 16;108:120-34.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

29. World Health Organization. Prevention, identification and management of health worker infection in the context of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

30. CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Characteristics of health care personnel with COVID-19: United States, February 12 –April 9, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Apr 17;69(15):477-81.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

31. Gómez-Ochoa SA, Franco OH, Rojas LZ, et al. COVID-19 in healthcare workers: a living systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcomes. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Jan 4;190(1):161-75.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

32. Sahu AK, Amrithanand VT, Mathew R, et al. COVID-19 in health care workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 6;38(9):1727-31.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

33. Shah ASV, Wood R, Gribben C, et al. Risk of hospital admission with coronavirus disease 2019 in healthcare workers and their households: nationwide linkage cohort study. BMJ. 2020 Oct 28;371:m3582.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

34. Kambhampati AK, O'Halloran AC, Whitaker M, et al. COVID-19-associated hospitalizations among health care personnel: COVID-NET, 13 states, March 1–May 31, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 30;69(43):1576-83.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

35. European Medicines Agency. COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca: benefits still outweigh the risks despite possible link to rare blood clots with low blood platelets. 18 March 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

36. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. UK regulator confirms that people should continue to receive the COVID-19 vaccine AstraZeneca. 18 March 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

37. World Health Organization. WHO statement on AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine safety signals. 17 March 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

38. Ren LL, Wang YM, Wu ZQ, et al. Identification of a novel coronavirus causing severe pneumonia in human: a descriptive study. Chin Med J (Engl). 2020 May 5;133(9):1015-24.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

39. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 20;382(8):727-33.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

40. Lu R, Zhao X, Li J, et al. Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. Lancet. 2020 Feb 22;395(10224):565-74.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

41. Public Health England. Investigation of novel SARS-CoV-2 variant: variant of concern 202012/0. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

42. Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies. NERVTAG: update note on B.1.1.7 severity, 11 February 2021. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

43. GISAID. UK reports new variant, termed VUI 202012/01. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

44. Kissler S, Fauver JR, Mack C, et al. Densely sampled viral trajectories suggest longer duration of acute infection with B.1.1.7 variant relative to non-B.1.1.7 SARS-CoV-2. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

45. Public Health England. Confirmed cases of COVID-19 variants identified in UK. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

46. Firestone MJ, Lorentz AJ, Wang X, et al. First identified cases of SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 in Minnesota: December 2020 – January 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):278-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

47. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

48. World Health Organization. SARS-CoV-2 mink-associated variant strain: Denmark. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

49. Statens Serum Institut. Mutations in the mink virus. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

50. van Dorp L, Richard D, Tan CCS, et al. No evidence for increased transmissibility from recurrent mutations in SARS-CoV-2. Nat Commun. 2020 Nov 25;11(1):5986.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

51. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):497-506.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

52. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):507-13.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

53. Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, et al. Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 26;382(13):1199-207.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

54. Paraskevis D, Kostaki EG, Magiorkinis G, et al. Full-genome evolutionary analysis of the novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) rejects the hypothesis of emergence as a result of a recent recombination event. Infect Genet Evol. 2020 Jan 29;79:104212.摘要 external link opens in a new window

55. Ji W, Wang W, Zhao X, et al. Cross-species transmission of the newly identified coronavirus 2019-nCoV. J Med Virol. 2020 Apr;92(4):433-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

56. Zhang T, Wu Q, Zhang Z. Probable pangolin origin of SARS-CoV-2 associated with the COVID-19 outbreak. Curr Biol. 2020 Apr 6;30(7):1346-51.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

57. Lam TT, Shum MH, Zhu HC, et al. Identifying SARS-CoV-2 related coronaviruses in Malayan pangolins. Nature. 2020 Jul;583(7815):282-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

58. Mallapaty S. Animal source of the coronavirus continues to elude scientists. Nature. 2020 May 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

59. Oreshkova N, Molenaar RJ, Vreman S, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection in farmed minks, the Netherlands, April and May 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020 Jun;25(23):32553059.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

60. World Health Organization. WHO-convened global study of the origins of SARS-CoV-2. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

61. Meyerowitz EA, Richterman A, Gandhi RT, et al. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: a review of viral, host, and environmental factors. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan;174(1):69-79.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

62. World Health Organization. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: implications for infection prevention precautions – scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

63. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. How COVID-19 spreads. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

64. Birgand G, Peiffer-Smadja N, Fournier S, et al. Assessment of air contamination by SARS-CoV-2 in hospital settings. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Dec 1;3(12):e2033232.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

65. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, et al. Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 16;382(16):1564-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

66. Guo ZD, Wang ZY, Zhang SF, et al. Aerosol and surface distribution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in hospital wards, Wuhan, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 10;26(7).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

67. Zhou J, Otter JA, Price JR, et al. Investigating SARS-CoV-2 surface and air contamination in an acute healthcare setting during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in London. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

68. Colaneri M, Seminari E, Novati S, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RNA contamination of inanimate surfaces and virus viability in a health care emergency unit. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020 Aug;26(8):1094.e1-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

69. Colaneri M, Seminari E, Piralla A, et al. Lack of SARS-CoV-2 RNA environmental contamination in a tertiary referral hospital for infectious diseases in Northern Italy. J Hosp Infect. 2020 Mar 19;105(3):474-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

70. van Doorn AS, Meijer B, Frampton CMA, et al. Systematic review with meta-analysis: SARS-CoV-2 stool testing and the potential for faecal-oral transmission. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Oct;52(8):1276-88.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

71. Zhang W, Du RH, Li B, et al. Molecular and serological investigation of 2019-nCoV infected patients: implication of multiple shedding routes. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2020 Dec;9(1):386-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

72. To KK, Tsang OT, Yip CC, et al. Consistent detection of 2019 novel coronavirus in saliva. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 28;71(15):841-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

73. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Ferner RE, Murray PI, Aronson JK. Spreading SARS-CoV-2 through ocular fluids. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

74. Lewis A, Frontera J, Placantonakis DG, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid in COVID-19: a systematic review of the literature. J Neurol Sci. 2021 Jan 10;421:117316.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

75. Seah IYJ, Anderson DE, Kang AEZ, et al. Assessing viral shedding and infectivity of tears in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Ophthalmology. 2020 Jul;127(7):977-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

76. Farina A, Uccello G, Spreafico M, et al. SARS-CoV-2 detection in the pericardial fluid of a patient with cardiac tamponade. Eur J Intern Med. 2020 Jun;76:100-1.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

77. Algarroba GN, Rekawek P, Vahanian SA, et al. Visualization of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 invading the human placenta using electron microscopy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Aug;223(2):275-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

78. Mei F, Bonifazi M, Menzo S, et al. First detection of SARS-CoV-2 by real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) assay in pleural fluid. Chest. 2020 Oct;158(4):e143-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

79. Kashi AH, De la Rosette J, Amini E, et al. Urinary viral shedding of COVID-19 and its clinical associations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Urol J. 2020 Sep 5;17(5):433-41.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

80. Frazier KM, Hooper JE, Mostafa HH, et al. SARS-CoV-2 virus isolated from the mastoid and middle ear: implications for COVID-19 precautions during ear surgery. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Jul 23;146(10):964-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

81. Yan Y, Diao B, Liu Y, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 nucleocapsid protein in the ocular tissues of a patient previously infected with coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020 Oct 8;138(11):1-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

82. Gonzalez DC, Khodamoradi K, Pai R, et al. A systematic review on the investigation of SARS-CoV-2 in semen. Res Rep Urol. 2020 Dec 1;12:615-21.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

83. Casagrande M, Fitzek A, Spitzer MS, et al. Presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the cornea of viremic patients with COVID-19. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2021 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

84. Tur-Kaspa I, Tur-Kaspa T, Hildebrand G, et al. COVID-19 may affect male fertility but is not sexually transmitted: a systematic review. F S Rev. 2021 Feb 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

85. World Health Organization. Definition and categorization of the timing of mother-to-child transmission of SARS-CoV-2: scientific brief. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

86. Bwire GM, Njiro BJ, Mwakawanga DL, et al. Possible vertical transmission and antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 among infants born to mothers with COVID-19: a living systematic review. J Med Virol. 2021 Mar;93(3):1361-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

87. Walker KF, O'Donoghue K, Grace N, et al. Maternal transmission of SARS-COV-2 to the neonate, and possible routes for such transmission: a systematic review and critical analysis. BJOG. 2020 Oct;127(11):1324-36.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

88. Zhu F, Zozaya C, Zhou Q, et al. SARS-CoV-2 genome and antibodies in breastmilk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2021 Feb 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

89. Salvatore CM, Han JY, Acker KP, et al. Neonatal management and outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observation cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Oct;4(10):721-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

90. Zhou Q, Gao Y, Wang X, et al. Nosocomial infections among patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS: a rapid review and meta-analysis. Ann Transl Med. 2020 May;8(10):629.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

91. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Heneghan C, Howdon D, Oke J, et al. The ongoing problem of UK hospital acquired infections. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

92. Rhee C, Baker M, Vaidya V, et al. Incidence of nosocomial COVID-19 in patients hospitalized at a large US academic medical center. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2020498.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

93. World Health Organization. Mask use in the context of COVID-19: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

94. Tong ZD, Tang A, Li KF, et al. Potential presymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2, Zhejiang province, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 May 17;26(5).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

95. Wei WE, Li Z, Chiew CJ, et al. Presymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2: Singapore, January 23 - March 16, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Apr 10;69(14):411-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

96. Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, et al. Transmission of 2019-nCoV infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 5;382(10):970-71.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

97. Hu Z, Song C, Xu C, et al. Clinical characteristics of 24 asymptomatic infections with COVID-19 screened among close contacts in Nanjing, China. Sci China Life Sci. 2020 May;63(5):706-11.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

98. Luo SH, Liu W, Liu ZJ, et al. A confirmed asymptomatic carrier of 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Chin Med J (Engl). 2020 May 5;133(9):1123-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

99. Lu S, Lin J, Zhang Z, et al. Alert for non-respiratory symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 patients in epidemic period: a case report of familial cluster with three asymptomatic COVID-19 patients. J Med Virol. 2021 Jan;93(1):518-21.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

100. Li C, Ji F, Wang L, et al. Asymptomatic and human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a 2-family cluster, Xuzhou, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 31;26(7).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

101. Liu J, Huang J, Xiang D. Large SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused by asymptomatic traveler, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 30;29(9).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

102. Jiang XL, Zhang XL, Zhao XN, et al. Transmission potential of asymptomatic and paucisymptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infections: a three-family cluster study in China. 2020 Jun 11;221(12):1948-52.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

103. Luo L, Liu D, Liao X, et al. Contact settings and risk for transmission in 3410 close contacts of patients with COVID-19 in Guangzhou, China: a prospective cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Dec 1;173(11):879-87.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

104. Gao M, Yang L, Chen X, et al. A study on infectivity of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers. Respir Med. 2020 May 13;169:106026.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

105. Chen F, Fu D, Yang Q, et al. Low transmission risk of 9 asymptomatic carriers tested positive for both SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid and serum IgG. J Infect. 2020 Sep;81(3):452-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

106. Danis K, Epaulard O, Bénet T, et al. Cluster of coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) in the French Alps, 2020. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 28;71(15):825-32.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

107. Cao S, Gan Y, Wang C, et al. Post-lockdown SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening in nearly ten million residents of Wuhan, China. Nat Commun. 2020 Nov 20;11(1):5917.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

108. He J, Guo Y, Mao R, et al. Proportion of asymptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2021 Feb;93(2):820-30.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

109. Buitrago-Garcia D, Egli-Gany D, Counotte MJ, et al. Occurrence and transmission potential of asymptomatic and presymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections: a living systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2020 Sep;17(9):e1003346.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

110. Byambasuren O, Cardona M, Bell K, et al. Estimating the extent of asymptomatic COVID-19 and its potential for community transmission: systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMMI. 2020 Dec;5(4):223-34.全文 external link opens in a new window

111. Oran DP, Topol EJ. The proportion of SARS-CoV-2 infections that are asymptomatic: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

112. Stubblefield WB, Talbot HK, Feldstein L, et al. Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among frontline healthcare personnel during the first month of caring for COVID-19 patients – Nashville, Tennessee. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

113. Vahidy FS, Bernard DW, Boom ML, et al. Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic health care workers in the Greater Houston, Texas, area. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Jul 1;3(7):e2016451.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

114. Qiu H, Wu J, Hong L, et al. Clinical and epidemiological features of 36 children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Zhejiang, China: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;20(6):689-96.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

115. Zheng B, Wang H, Yu C. An increasing public health burden arising from children infected with SARS-CoV2: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 Dec;55(12):3487-96.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

116. Milani GP, Bottino I, Rocchi A, et al. Frequency of children vs adults carrying severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 asymptomatically. JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Feb 1;175(2):193-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

117. Tönshoff B, Müller B, Elling R, et al. Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and their parents in Southwest Germany. JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

118. Frieden TR, Lee CT. Identifying and interrupting superspreading events: implications for control of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;26(6):1059-66.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

119. Schwartz NG, Moorman AC, Makaretz A, et al. Adolescent with COVID-19 as the source of an outbreak at a 3-week family gathering: four states, June–July 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 9;69(40):1457-59.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

120. Atrubin D, Wiese M, Bohinc B. An outbreak of COVID-19 associated with a recreational hockey game: Florida, June 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 16;69(41):1492-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

121. Pray IW, Gibbons-Burgener SN, Rosenberg AZ, et al. COVID-19 outbreak at an overnight summer school retreat: Wisconsin, July-August 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 30;69(43):1600-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

122. Ali H, Kondapally K, Pordell P, et al. COVID-19 outbreak in an Amish community: Ohio, May 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Nov 13;69(45):1671-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

123. McMichael TM, Clark S, Pogosjans S, et al. COVID-19 in a long-term care facility: King County, Washington, February 27 – March 9, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Mar 27;69(12):339-42.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

124. Moriarty LF, Plucinski MM, Marston BJ, et al. Public health responses to COVID-19 outbreaks on cruise ships: worldwide, February-March 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Mar 27;69(12):347-52.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

125. Yang H, Thompson JR. Fighting covid-19 outbreaks in prisons. BMJ. 2020 Apr 2;369:m1362.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

126. Rogers JH, Link AC, McCulloch D, et al. Characteristics of COVID-19 in homeless shelters: a community-based surveillance study. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan;174(1):42-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

127. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Durand-Moreau Q, Adisesh A, Mackenzie G, et al. What explains the high rate of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in meat and poultry facilities? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

128. Donahue M, Sreenivasan N, Stover D, et al. Notes from the field: characteristics of meat processing facility workers with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection – Nebraska, April-May 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Aug 7;69(31):1020-2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

129. Steinberg J, Kennedy ED, Basler C, et al. COVID-19 outbreak among employees at a meat processing facility: South Dakota, March-April 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Aug 7;69(31):1015-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

130. Erfani P, Uppal N, Lee CH, et al. COVID-19 testing and cases in immigration detention centers, April-August 2020. JAMA. 2021 Jan 12;325(2):182-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

131. Kennedy BS, Richeson RP, Houde AJ. Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 in a statewide correctional system. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 17;383(25):2479-80.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

132. Lopez AS, Hill M, Antezano J, et al. Transmission dynamics of COVID-19 outbreaks associated with child care facilities: Salt Lake City, Utah, April–July 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Sep 18;69(37):1319-23.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

133. Leeb RT, Price S, Sliwa S, et al. COVID-19 trends among school-aged children: United States, March 1–September 19, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 2;69(39):1410-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

134. Wilson E, Donovan CV, Campbell M, et al. Multiple COVID-19 clusters on a university campus: North Carolina, August 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 2;69(39):1416-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

135. Xu W, Li X, Dozier M, et al. What is the evidence for transmission of COVID-19 by children in schools? A living systematic review. J Glob Health. 2020 Dec;10(2):021104.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

136. Stein RA. Super-spreaders in infectious diseases. Int J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug;15(8):e510-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

137. Elias C, Sekri A, Leblanc P, et al. Incubation period of COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Int J Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 3;104:708-10.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

138. Liu Y, Gayle AA, Wilder-Smith A, et al. The reproductive number of COVID-19 is higher compared to SARS coronavirus. J Travel Med. 2020 Mar 13;27(2).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

139. Xie Y, Wang Z, Liao H, et al. Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 in the current pandemic: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infect Dis. 2020 Aug 31;20(1):640.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

140. Billah MA, Miah MM, Khan MN. Reproductive number of coronavirus: a systematic review and meta-analysis based on global level evidence. PLoS One. 2020 Nov 11;15(11):e0242128.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

141. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVID-19 pandemic planning scenarios. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

142. Inglesby TV. Public health measures and the reproduction number of SARS-CoV-2. JAMA. 2020 Jun 2;323(21):2186-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

143. Hussein M, Toraih E, Elshazli R, et al. Meta-analysis on serial intervals and reproductive rates for SARS-CoV-2. Ann Surg. 2021 Mar 1;273(3):416-23.摘要 external link opens in a new window

144. Tian T, Huo X. Secondary attack rates of COVID-19 in diverse contact settings, a meta-analysis. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2020 Dec 31;14(12):1361-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

145. Thompson HA, Mousa A, Dighe A, et al. SARS-CoV-2 setting-specific transmission rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

146. Madewell ZJ, Yang Y, Longini IM Jr, et al. Household transmission of SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Dec 1;3(12):e2031756.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

147. Qiu X, Nergiz AI, Maraolo AE, et al. Defining the role of asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission: a living systematic review. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2021 Jan 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

148. Yung CF, Kam KQ, Chong CY, et al. Household transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 from adults to children. J Pediatr. 2020 Oct;225:249-51.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

149. Macartney K, Quinn HE, Pillsbury AJ, et al. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Australian educational settings: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Nov;4(11):807-16.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

150. Cevik M, Tate M, Lloyd O, et al. SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV viral load dynamics, duration of viral shedding, and infectiousness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Microbe. 2021 Jan;2(1):e13-22.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

151. Marks M, Millat-Martinez P, Ouchi D, et al. Transmission of COVID-19 in 282 clusters in Catalonia, Spain: a cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

152. Widders A, Broom A, Broom J. SARS-CoV-2: the viral shedding vs infectivity dilemma. Infect Dis Health. 2020 Aug;25(3):210-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

153. Xu K, Chen Y, Yuan J, et al. Factors associated with prolonged viral RNA shedding in patients with COVID-19. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 28;71(15):799-806.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

154. Aydillo T, Gonzalez-Reiche AS, Aslam S, et al. Shedding of viable SARS-CoV-2 after immunosuppressive therapy for cancer. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 24;383(26):2586-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

155. Cevik M, Kuppalli K, Kindrachuk J, et al. Virology, transmission, and pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2. BMJ. 2020 Oct 23;371:m3862.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

156. Yan R, Zhang Y, Li Y, et al. Structural basis for the recognition of the SARS-CoV-2 by full-length human ACE2. Science. 2020 Mar 27;367(6485):1444-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

157. Chen Y, Guo Y, Pan Y, et al. Structure analysis of the receptor binding of 2019-nCoV. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Feb 17;525(1):135-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

158. Coutard B, Valle C, de Lamballerie X, et al. The spike glycoprotein of the new coronavirus 2019-nCoV contains a furin-like cleavage site absent in CoV of the same clade. Antiviral Res. 2020 Feb 10;176:104742.摘要 external link opens in a new window

159. Piplani S, Singh PK, Winkler DA, et al; arXiv. In silico comparison of spike protein-ACE2 binding affinities across species; significance for the possible origin of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

160. Hanff TC, Harhay MO, Brown TS, et al. Is there an association between COVID-19 mortality and the renin-angiotensin system: a call for epidemiologic investigations. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 28;71(15):870-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

161. Wu Z, Hu R, Zhang C, et al. Elevation of plasma angiotensin II level is a potential pathogenesis for the critically ill COVID-19 patients. Crit Care. 2020 Jun 5;24(1):290.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

162. Zou X, Chen K, Zou J, et al. Single-cell RNA-seq data analysis on the receptor ACE2 expression reveals the potential risk of different human organs vulnerable to 2019-nCoV infection. Front Med. 2020 Apr;14(2):185-92.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

163. Shi Z, de Vries HJ, Vlaar APJ, et al. Diaphragm pathology in critically ill patients with COVID-19 and postmortem findings from 3 medical centers. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jan 1;181(1):122-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

164. Bunyavanich S, Do A, Vicencio A. Nasal gene expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in children and adults. JAMA. 2020 May 20;323(23):2427-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

165. Hoffmann M, Kleine-Weber H, Schroeder S, et al. SARS-CoV-2 cell entry depends on ACE2 and TMPRSS2 and is blocked by a clinically proven protease inhibitor. Cell. 2020 Apr 16;181(2):271-80.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

166. Bunyavanich S, Grant C, Vicencio A. Racial/ethnic variation in nasal gene expression of transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2). JAMA. 2020 Sep 10;324(15):1-2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

167. Menter T, Haslbauer JD, Nienhold R, et al. Postmortem examination of COVID19 patients reveals diffuse alveolar damage with severe capillary congestion and variegated findings of lungs and other organs suggesting vascular dysfunction. Histopathology. 2020 May 4;77(2):198-209.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

168. Schaller T, Hirschbühl K, Burkhardt K, et al. Postmortem examination of patients with COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 May 21;323(24):2518-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

169. Lax SF, Skok K, Zechner P, et al. Pulmonary arterial thrombosis in COVID-19 with fatal outcome: results from a prospective, single-center, clinicopathologic case series. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Sep 1;173(5):350-61.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

170. Ackermann M, Verleden SE, Kuehnel M, et al. Pulmonary vascular endothelialitis, thrombosis, and angiogenesis in Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jul 9;383(2):120-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

171. Fox SE, Akmatbekov A, Harbert JL, et al. Pulmonary and cardiac pathology in African American patients with COVID-19: an autopsy series from New Orleans. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Jul;8(7):681-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

172. Carsana L, Sonzogni A, Nasr A, et al. Pulmonary post-mortem findings in a series of COVID-19 cases from northern Italy: a two-centre descriptive study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Oct;20(10):1135-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

173. Bharat A, Querrey M, Markov NS, et al. Lung transplantation for patients with severe COVID-19. Sci Transl Med. 2020 Dec 16;12(574):eabe4282.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

174. Solomon IH, Normandin E, Bhattacharyya S, et al. Neuropathological features of Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Sep 3;383(10):989-92.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

175. Matschke J, Lütgehetmann M, Hagel C, et al. Neuropathology of patients with COVID-19 in Germany: a post-mortem case series. Lancet Neurol. 2020 Nov;19(11):919-29.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

176. Roshdy A, Zaher S, Fayed H, et al. COVID-19 and the heart: a systematic review of cardiac autopsies. Front Cardiovasc Med. 2021 Jan 28;7:626975.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

177. Dolhnikoff M, Ferreira Ferranti J, de Almeida Monteiro RA, et al. SARS-CoV-2 in cardiac tissue of a child with COVID-19-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Oct;4(10):790-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

178. Loo J, Spittle DA, Newnham M. COVID-19, immunothrombosis and venous thromboembolism: biological mechanisms. Thorax. 2021 Jan 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

179. Schurink B, Roos E, Radonic T, et al. Viral presence and immunopathology in patients with lethal COVID-19: a prospective autopsy cohort study. Lancet Microbe. 2020 Nov;1(7):e290-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

180. Blasco A, Coronado MJ, Hernández-Terciado F, et al. Assessment of neutrophil extracellular traps in coronary thrombus of a case series of patients with COVID-19 and myocardial infarction. JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Dec 29 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

181. Díaz LA, Idalsoaga F, Cannistra M, et al. High prevalence of hepatic steatosis and vascular thrombosis in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of autopsy data. World J Gastroenterol. 2020 Dec 28;26(48):7693-706.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

182. Hanley B, Naresh KN, Roufosse C, et al. Histopathological findings and viral tropism in UK patients with severe fatal COVID-19: a post-mortem study. Lancet Microbe. 2020 Oct;1(6):e245-53.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

183. Sardu C, Gambardella J, Morelli MB, et al. Hypertension, thrombosis, kidney failure, and diabetes: is COVID-19 an endothelial disease? A comprehensive evaluation of clinical and basic evidence. J Clin Med. 2020 May 11;9(5): E1417.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

184. Tibiriçá E, De Lorenzo A. Increased severity of COVID-19 in people with obesity: are we overlooking plausible biological mechanisms? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Aug;28(8):1374.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

185. Bermejo-Martin JF, Almansa R, Torres A, et al. COVID-19 as a cardiovascular disease: the potential role of chronic endothelial dysfunction. Cardiovasc Res. 2020 Aug 1;116(10):e132-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

186. Goshua G, Pine AB, Meizlish ML, et al. Endotheliopathy in COVID-19-associated coagulopathy: evidence from a single-centre, cross-sectional study. Lancet Haematol. 2020 Aug;7(8):e575-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

187. Maier CL, Truong AD, Auld SC, et al. COVID-19-associated hyperviscosity: a link between inflammation and thrombophilia? Lancet. 2020 Jun 6;395(10239):1758-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

188. van der Made CI, Simons A, Schuurs-Hoeijmakers J, et al. Presence of genetic variants among young men with severe COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Jul 24;324(7):1-11.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

189. Severe Covid-19 GWAS Group; Ellinghaus D, Degenhardt F, Bujanda L, et al. Genomewide association study of severe Covid-19 with respiratory failure. N Engl J Med. 2020 Oct 15;383(16):1522-34.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

190. World Health Organization. Public health surveillance for COVID-19: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

191. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): contact tracing. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

192. Public Health England. Guidance for investigating and managing individuals with a possible or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

193. Pijls BG, Jolani S, Atherley A, et al. Demographic risk factors for COVID-19 infection, severity, ICU admission and death: a meta-analysis of 59 studies. BMJ Open. 2021 Jan 11;11(1):e044640.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

194. de Lusignan S, Dorward J, Correa A, et al. Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 among patients in the Oxford Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre primary care network: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Sep;20(9):1034-42.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

195. Bonanad C, García-Blas S, Tarazona-Santabalbina F, et al. The effect of age on mortality in patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis with 611,583 subjects. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 Jul;21(7):915-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

196. Abate BB, Kassie AM, Kassaw MW, et al. Sex difference in coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2020 Oct 6;10(10):e040129.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

197. Baldassarri M, Picchiotti N, Fava F, et al. Shorter androgen receptor polyQ alleles protect against life-threatening COVID-19 disease in European males. EBioMedicine. 2021 Feb 26;65:103246.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

198. Sze S, Pan D, Nevill CR, et al. Ethnicity and clinical outcomes in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Nov 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

199. Mackey K, Ayers CK, Kondo KK, et al. Racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19-related infections, hospitalizations, and deaths: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Dec 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

200. Hull SA, Williams C, Ashworth M, et al. Prevalence of suspected COVID-19 infection in patients from ethnic minority populations: a cross-sectional study in primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2020 Oct 1;70(699):e696-704.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

201. Alaa AM, Qian Z, Rashbass J, et al. Ethnicity and outcomes of COVID-19 patients in England. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

202. Harrison EM, Docherty AB, Barr B, et al; SSRN. Ethnicity and outcomes from COVID-19: the ISARIC CCP-UK prospective observational cohort study of hospitalised patients. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

203. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVIDView: key updates for week 3, ending January 23, 2021. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

204. Yehia BR, Winegar A, Fogel R, et al. Association of race with mortality among patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at 92 US hospitals. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Aug 3;3(8):e2018039.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

205. Kabarriti R, Brodin NP, Maron MI, et al. Association of race and ethnicity with comorbidities and survival among patients with COVID-19 at an urban medical center in New York. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2019795.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

206. Rodriguez F, Solomon N, de Lemos JA, et al. Racial and ethnic differences in presentation and outcomes for patients hospitalized with COVID-19: findings from the American Heart Association's COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry. Circulation. 2020 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

207. Raharja A, Tamara A, Kok LT. Association between ethnicity and severe COVID-19 disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Nov 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

208. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): people at increased risk. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

209. Burki T. England and Wales see 20 000 excess deaths in care homes. Lancet. 2020 May 23;395(10237):1602.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

210. Graham N, Junghans C, Downes R, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection, clinical features and outcome of COVID-19 in United Kingdom nursing homes. J Infect. 2020 Sep;81(3):411-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

211. Panagiotou OA, Kosar CM, White EM, et al. Risk factors associated with all-cause 30-day mortality in nursing home residents with COVID-19. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jan 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

212. Liu H, Chen S, Liu M, et al. Comorbid chronic diseases are strongly correlated with disease severity among COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Aging Dis. 2020 May 9;11(3):668-78.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

213. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): people with certain medical conditions. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

214. Adams ML, Katz DL, Grandpre J. Updated estimates of chronic conditions affecting risk for complications from coronavirus disease, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 3;26(9).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

215. Adams SH, Park MJ, Schaub JP, et al. Medical vulnerability of young adults to severe COVID-19 illness: data from the National Health Interview Survey. J Adolesc Health. 2020 Jul 9;67(3):362-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

216. Ng WH, Tipih T, Makoah NA, et al. Comorbidities in SARS-CoV-2 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. mBio. 2021 Feb 9;12(1):e03647-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

217. Popkin BM, Du S, Green WD, et al. Individuals with obesity and COVID-19: a global perspective on the epidemiology and biological relationships. Obes Rev. 2020 Nov;21(11):e13128.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

218. World Obesity Federation. COVID-19 and obesity: the 2021 atlas. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

219. Du Y, Lv Y, Zha W, et al. Association of body mass index (BMI) with critical COVID-19 and in-hospital mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis. Metabolism. 2020 Sep 16:154373.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

220. Kompaniyets L, Goodman AB, Belay B, et al. Body mass index and risk for COVID-19–related hospitalization, intensive care unit admission, invasive mechanical ventilation, and death: United States, March – December 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Mar 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window

221. Chu Y, Yang J, Shi J, et al. Obesity is associated with increased severity of disease in COVID-19 pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Med Res. 2020 Dec 2;25(1):64.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

222. Hendren NS, de Lemos JA, Ayers C, et al. Association of body mass index and age with morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-19: results from the American Heart Association COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry. Circulation. 2021 Jan 12;143(2):135-44.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

223. Hessami A, Shamshirian A, Heydari K, et al. Cardiovascular diseases burden in COVID-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Oct 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

224. Bae S, Kim SR, Kim MN, et al. Impact of cardiovascular disease and risk factors on fatal outcomes in patients with COVID-19 according to age: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart. 2021 Mar;107(5):373-80.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

225. Hussain S, Baxi H, Chand Jamali M, et al. Burden of diabetes mellitus and its impact on COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis of real-world evidence. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Aug 20;14(6):1595-602.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

226. Huang I, Lim MA, Pranata R. Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality and severity of disease in COVID-19 pneumonia: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Apr 17;14(4):395-403.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

227. Barron E, Bakhai C, Kar P, et al. Associations of type 1 and type 2 diabetes with COVID-19-related mortality in England: a whole-population study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Oct;8(10):813-22.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

228. Dennis JM, Mateen BA, Sonabend R, et al. Type 2 diabetes and COVID-19-related mortality in the critical care setting: a national cohort study in England, March–July 2020. Diabetes Care. 2021 Jan;44(1):50-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

229. Chen Y, Yang D, Cheng B, et al. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with diabetes and COVID-19 in association with glucose-lowering medication. Diabetes Care. 2020 Jul;43(7):1399-407.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

230. Holman N, Knighton P, Kar P, et al. Risk factors for COVID-19-related mortality in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes in England: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Oct;8(10):823-33.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

231. Pal R, Banerjee M, Yadav U, et al. Clinical profile and outcomes in COVID-19 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis: a systematic review of literature. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Aug 18;14(6):1563-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

232. Agarwal S, Schechter C, Southern W, et al. Preadmission diabetes-specific risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients with diabetes and coronavirus disease 2019. Diabetes Care. 2020 Oct;43(10):2339-44.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

233. Li H, Tian S, Chen T, et al. Newly diagnosed diabetes is associated with a higher risk of mortality than known diabetes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Oct;22(10):1897-906.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

234. Lukito AA, Pranata R, Henrina J, et al. The effect of metformin consumption on mortality in hospitalized COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Nov-Dec;14(6):2177-83.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

235. Apicella M, Campopiano MC, Mantuano M, et al. COVID-19 in people with diabetes: understanding the reasons for worse outcomes. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Sep;8(9):782-92.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

236. Rabbani G, Shariful Islam SM, Rahman MA, et al. Pre-existing COPD is associated with an increased risk of mortality and severity in COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2021 Jan 7;1-12.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

237. Bloom CI, Drake TM, Docherty AB, et al. Risk of adverse outcomes in patients with underlying respiratory conditions admitted to hospital with COVID-19: a national, multicentre prospective cohort study using the ISARIC WHO Clinical Characterisation Protocol UK. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Mar 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window

238. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Hartmann-Boyce J, Rees K, Otunla A, et al. Risks of and from SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) infection in people with asthma. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

239. Liu S, Cao Y, Du T, et al. Prevalence of comorbid asthma and related outcomes in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2021 Feb;9(2):693-701.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

240. Sunjaya AP, Allida SM, Di Tanna GL, et al. Asthma and risk of infection, hospitalisation, ICU admission and mortality from COVID-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Asthma. 2021 Feb 8;:1-22.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

241. Strausz S, Kiiskinen T, Broberg M, et al. Sleep apnoea is a risk factor for severe COVID-19. BMJ Open Respir Res. 2021 Jan;8(1):e000845.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

242. Castro-Rodriguez JA, Forno E. Asthma and COVID-19 in children: a systematic review and call for data. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 Sep;55(9):2412-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

243. Halpin DMG, Faner R, Sibila O, et al. Do chronic respiratory diseases or their treatment affect the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection? Lancet Respir Med. 2020 May;8(5):436-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

244. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Hartmann-Boyce J, Otunla A, Drake J, et al. Asthma and COVID-19: risks and management considerations. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

245. Kunutsor SK, Laukkanen JA. Renal complications in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Med. 2020 Jul 10;:1-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

246. Savasi VM, Parisi F, Patanè L, et al. Clinical findings and disease severity in hospitalized pregnant women with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Aug;136(2):252-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

247. Zhang H, Ma S, Han T, et al. Association of smoking history with severe and critical outcome in COVID-19 patients: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Integr Med. 2021 Feb 18:101313.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

248. Salah HM, Sharma T, Mehta J. Smoking doubles the mortality risk in COVID-19: a meta-analysis of recent reports and potential mechanisms. Cureus. 2020 Oct 7;12(10):e10837.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

249. Cai G, Bossé Y, Xiao F, et al. Tobacco smoking increases the lung gene expression of ACE2, the receptor of SARS-CoV-2. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Jun 15;201(12):1557-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

250. World Health Organization. Smoking and COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

251. Yu J Ouyang W, Chua ML, et al. SARS-CoV-2 transmission in patients with cancer at a tertiary care hospital in Wuhan, China. JAMA Oncol. 2020 Mar 25;6(7):1108-10.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

252. Ofori-Asenso R, Ogundipe O, Agyeman AA, et al. Cancer is associated with severe disease in COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ecancermedicalscience. 2020 May 18;14:1047.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

253. Tian J, Yuan X, Xiao J, et al. Clinical characteristics and risk factors associated with COVID-19 disease severity in patients with cancer in Wuhan, China: a multicentre, retrospective, cohort study. Lancet Oncol. 2020 May 29;21(7):893-903.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

254. Giannakoulis VG, Papoutsi E, Siempos II. Effect of cancer on clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis of patient data. JCO Glob Oncol. 2020 Jun;6:799-808.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

255. Salunke AA, Nandy K, Pathak SK, et al. Impact of COVID -19 in cancer patients on severity of disease and fatal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Jul 28;14(5):1431-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

256. Zarifkar P, Kamath A, Robinson C, et al. Clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with COVID-19 and cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2021 Mar;33(3):e180-91.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

257. Vijenthira A, Gong IY, Fox TA, et al. Outcomes of patients with hematologic malignancies and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 3377 patients. Blood. 2020 Oct 28;136(25):2881-92.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

258. Yekedüz E, Utkan G, Ürün Y. A systematic review and meta-analysis: the effect of active cancer treatment on severity of COVID-19. Eur J Cancer. 2020 Oct 6;141:92-104.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

259. Park R, Lee SA, Kim SY, et al. Association of active oncologic treatment and risk of death in cancer patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of patient data. Acta Oncol. 2020 Nov 2;:1-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

260. Boulad F, Kamboj M, Bouvier N, et al. COVID-19 in children with cancer in New York City. JAMA Oncol. 2020 Sep 1;6(9):1459-60.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

261. Dorantes-Acosta E, Ávila-Montiel D, Klünder-Klünder M, et al. Survival and complications in pediatric patients with cancer and COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Front Oncol. 2020 Jan 21;10:608282.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

262. Raja MA, Mendoza MA, Villavicencio A, et al. COVID-19 in solid organ transplant recipients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current literature. Transplant Rev (Orlando). 2020 Nov 14;35(1):100588.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

263. Fraser J, Mousley J, Testro A, et al. Clinical presentation, treatment, and mortality rate in liver transplant recipients with coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review and quantitative analysis. Transplant Proc. 2020 Nov;52(9):2676-83.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

264. Clift AK, Coupland CAC, Keogh RH, et al. COVID-19 mortality risk in Down syndrome: results from a cohort study of 8 million adults. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

265. Panepinto JA, Brandow A, Mucalo L, et al. Coronavirus disease among persons with sickle cell disease, United States, March 20 – May 21, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 8;26(10).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

266. Hussain FA, Njoku FU, Saraf SL, et al. COVID-19 infection in patients with sickle cell disease. Br J Haematol. 2020 Jun;189(5):851-2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

267. Nur E, Gaartman AE, van Tuijn CFJ, et al. Vaso-occlusive crisis and acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease due to 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Am J Hematol. 2020 Jun;95(6):725-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

268. Pranata R, Lim MA, Huang I, et al. Hypertension is associated with increased mortality and severity of disease in COVID-19 pneumonia: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2020 Apr-Jun;21(2):1470320320926899.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

269. de Almeida-Pititto B, Dualib PM, Zajdenverg L, et al. Severity and mortality of COVID 19 in patients with diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2020 Aug 31;12:75.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

270. Du Y, Zhou N, Zha W, et al. Hypertension is a clinically important risk factor for critical illness and mortality in COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 Mar 10;31(3):745-55.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

271. Goldstein MR, Poland GA, Graeber CW. Are certain drugs associated with enhanced mortality in COVID-19? QJM. 2020 Jul 1;113(7):509-10.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

272. Mackey K, King VJ, Gurley S, et al. Risks and impact of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers on SARS-CoV-2 infection in adults: a living systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Aug 4;173(3):195-203.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

273. Mackey K, Kansagara D, Vela K. Update alert 7: risks and impact of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers on SARS-CoV-2 infection in adults. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

274. Xu J, Xiao W, Liang X, et al. The association of cerebrovascular disease with adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis based on adjusted effect estimates. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2020 Nov;29(11):105283.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

275. Patel U, Malik P, Shah D, et al. Pre-existing cerebrovascular disease and poor outcomes of COVID-19 hospitalized patients: a meta-analysis. J Neurol. 2021 Jan;268(1):240-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

276. Hariyanto TI, Putri C, Arisa J, et al. Dementia and outcomes from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2020 Nov 19;93:104299.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

277. Office for National Statistics. Deaths involving COVID-19, England and Wales: deaths occurring in June 2020. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

278. Wang Q, Davis PB, Gurney ME, et al. COVID-19 and dementia: analyses of risk, disparity, and outcomes from electronic health records in the US. Alzheimers Dement. 2021 Feb 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

279. Kovalic AJ, Satapathy SK, Thuluvath PJ. Prevalence of chronic liver disease in patients with COVID-19 and their clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hepatol Int. 2020 Sep;14(5):612-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

280. Iavarone M, D'Ambrosio R, Soria A, et al. High rates of 30-day mortality in patients with cirrhosis and COVID-19. J Hepatol. 2020 Nov;73(5):1063-71.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

281. Pan L, Huang P, Xie X, et al. Metabolic associated fatty liver disease increases the severity of COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Dig Liver Dis. 2021 Feb;53(2):153-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

282. Targher G, Mantovani A, Byrne CD, et al. Risk of severe illness from COVID-19 in patients with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease and increased fibrosis scores. Gut. 2020 Aug;69(8):1545-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

283. Zhou YJ, Zheng KI, Wang XB, et al. Younger patients with MAFLD are at increased risk of severe COVID-19 illness: a multicenter preliminary analysis. J Hepatol. 2020 Sep;73(3):719-21.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

284. Gianfrancesco M, Hyrich KL, Al-Adely S, et al. Characteristics associated with hospitalisation for COVID-19 in people with rheumatic disease: data from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance physician-reported registry. Ann Rheum Dis. 2020 Jul;79(7):859-66.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

285. Nørgård BM, Nielsen J, Knudsen T, et al. Hospitalization for COVID-19 in patients treated with selected immunosuppressant and immunomodulating agents, compared to the general population: a Danish cohort study. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Oct 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

286. Tassone D, Thompson A, Connell W, et al. Immunosuppression as a risk factor for COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Intern Med J. 2021 Feb;51(2):199-205.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

287. Liu N, Sun J, Wang X, et al. Low vitamin D status is associated with coronavirus disease 2019 outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 2;104:58-64.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

288. Yisak H, Ewunetei A, Kefale B, et al. Effects of vitamin D on COVID-19 infection and prognosis: a systematic review. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2021 Jan 7;14:31-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

289. Meltzer DO, Best TJ, Zhang H, et al. Association of vitamin D status and other clinical characteristics with COVID-19 test results. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2019722.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

290. Lau FH, Majumder R, Torabi R, et al; medRxiv. Vitamin D insufficiency is prevalent in severe COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

291. Rhodes JM, Subramanian S, Laird E, et al. Editorial: low population mortality from COVID-19 in countries south of latitude 35 degrees North supports vitamin D as a factor determining severity. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Jun;51(12):1434-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

292. Marik PE, Kory P, Varon J. Does vitamin D status impact mortality from SARS-CoV-2 infection? Med Drug Discov. 2020 Apr 29:100041.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

293. Israel A, Cicurel A, Feldhamer I, et al; medRxiv. The link between vitamin D deficiency and Covid-19 in a large population. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

294. Merzon E, Tworowski D, Gorohovski A, et al. Low plasma 25(OH) vitamin D level is associated with increased risk of COVID-19 infection: an Israeli population-based study. FEBS J. 2020 Sep;287(17):3693-702.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

295. Pereira M, Dantas Damascena A, Galvão Azevedo LM, et al. Vitamin D deficiency aggravates COVID-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Nov 4;1-9.摘要 external link opens in a new window

296. Maghbooli Z, Sahraian MA, Ebrahimi M, et al. Vitamin D sufficiency, a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D at least 30 ng/mL reduced risk for adverse clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 infection. PLoS One. 2020 Sep 25;15(9):e0239799.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

297. Almario CV, Chey WD, Spiegel BMR. Increased risk of COVID-19 among users of proton pump inhibitors. Am J Gastroenterol. 2020 Oct;115(10):1707-15.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

298. Lee SW, Ha EK, Yeniova AÖ, et al. Severe clinical outcomes of COVID-19 associated with proton pump inhibitors: a nationwide cohort study with propensity score matching. Gut. 2021 Jan;70(1):76-84.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

299. Kow CS, Hasan SS. Use of proton pump inhibitors and risk of adverse clinical outcomes from COVID-19: a meta-analysis. J Intern Med. 2021 Jan;289(1):125-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

300. Li GF, An XX, Yu Y, et al. Do proton pump inhibitors influence SARS-CoV-2 related outcomes? A meta-analysis. Gut. 2020 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

301. Akiyama S, Hamdeh S, Micic D, et al. Prevalence and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with autoimmune diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2020 Oct 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

302. Louapre C, Collongues N, Stankoff B, et al. Clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and multiple sclerosis. JAMA Neurol. 2020 Sep 1;77(9):1079-88.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

303. Singh S, Khan A, Chowdhry M, et al. Risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 in patients with inflammatory bowel disease in the united states: a multicenter research network study. Gastroenterology. 2020 Oct;159(4):1575-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

304. Ungaro RC, Brenner EJ, Gearry RB, et al. Effect of IBD medications on COVID-19 outcomes: results from an international registry. Gut. 2020 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

305. Singh AK, Jena A, Kumar-M P, et al. Risk and outcomes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. United European Gastroenterol J. 2020 Nov 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

306. Bhaskaran K, Rentsch CT, MacKenna B, et al. HIV infection and COVID-19 death: a population-based cohort analysis of UK primary care data and linked national death registrations within the OpenSAFELY platform. Lancet HIV. 2021 Jan;8(1):e24-32.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

307. Tesoriero JM, Swain CE, Pierce JL, et al. COVID-19 outcomes among persons living with or without diagnosed HIV infection in New York State. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Feb 1;4(2):e2037069.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

308. Hariyanto TI, Putri C, Frinka P, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and outcomes from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2021 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].摘要 external link opens in a new window

309. Mellor MM, Bast AC, Jones NR, et al. Risk of adverse COVID-19 outcomes for people living with HIV: a rapid review and meta-analysis. AIDS. 2021 Feb 3 [Epub ahead of print].摘要 external link opens in a new window

310. Hariyanto TI, Kurniawan A. Dyslipidemia is associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Aug 1;14(5):1463-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

311. Choi GJ, Kim HM, Kang H. The potential role of dyslipidemia in COVID-19 severity: an umbrella review of systematic reviews. J Lipid Atheroscler. 2020 Sep;9(3):435-48.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

312. Atmosudigdo IS, Pranata R, Lim MA, et al. Dyslipidemia increases the risk of severe COVID-19: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2021 Feb 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

313. Kow CS, Hasan SS. Meta-analysis of effect of statins in patients with COVID-19. Am J Cardiol. 2020 Nov 1;134:153-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

314. Butt JH, Gerds TA, Schou M, et al. Association between statin use and outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a nationwide cohort study. BMJ Open. 2020 Dec 4;10(12):e044421.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

315. Zhang XJ, Qin JJ, Cheng X, et al. In-hospital use of statins is associated with a reduced risk of mortality among individuals with COVID-19. Cell Metab. 2020 Aug 4;32(2):176-87.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

316. Onorato D, Pucci M, Carpene G, et al. Protective effects of statins administration in European and North American patients infected with COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Semin Thromb Hemost. 2021 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

317. Doglietto F, Vezzoli M, Gheza F, et al. Factors associated with surgical mortality and complications among patients with and without coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Italy. JAMA Surg. 2020 Jun 12;155(8):1-14.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

318. Lei S, Jiang F, Su W, et al. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing surgeries during the incubation period of COVID-19 infection. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Apr 5:100331.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

319. COVIDSurg Collaborative. Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study. Lancet. 2020 Jul 4;396(10243):27-38.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

320. Liu N, Zhang T, Ma L, et al. The impact of ABO blood group on COVID-19 infection risk and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Blood Rev. 2020 Dec 8:100785.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

321. Wu SC, Arthur CM, Wang J, et al. The SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain preferentially recognizes blood group A. Blood Adv. 2021 Mar 9;5(5):1305-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

322. Dhar D, Mohanty A. Gut microbiota and Covid-19- possible link and implications. Virus Res. 2020 May 13;285:198018.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

323. Zuo T, Zhang F, Lui GCY, et al. Alterations in gut microbiota of patients with COVID-19 during time of hospitalization. Gastroenterology. 2020 Sep;159(3):944-55.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

324. Gu S, Chen Y, Wu Z, et al. Alterations of the gut microbiota in patients with COVID-19 or H1N1 influenza. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 4 [Epub ahead of print].摘要 external link opens in a new window

325. Yeoh YK, Zuo T, Lui GC, et al. Gut microbiota composition reflects disease severity and dysfunctional immune responses in patients with COVID-19. Gut. 2021 Jan 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

326. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Spencer EA, Brassey J, Jefferson T, et al. Environmental weather conditions and influence on transmission of SARS-CoV-2. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

327. Mecenas P, Bastos RTDRM, Vallinoto ACR, et al. Effects of temperature and humidity on the spread of COVID-19: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2020;15(9):e0238339.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

328. Yao Y, Pan J, Liu Z, et al. No association of COVID-19 transmission with temperature or UV radiation in Chinese cities. Eur Respir J. 2020 May 7;55(5):2000517.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

329. Baker RE, Yang W, Vecchi GA, et al. Susceptible supply limits the role of climate in the early SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Science. 2020 Jul 17;369(6501):315-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

330. Sehra ST, Salciccioli JD, Wiebe DJ, et al. Maximum daily temperature, precipitation, ultra-violet light and rates of transmission of SARS-Cov-2 in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 3;71(9):2482-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

331. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Heneghan C, Jefferson T. Effect of latitude on COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

332. Whittemore PB. COVID-19 fatalities, latitude, sunlight, and vitamin D. Am J Infect Control. 2020 Sep;48(9):1042-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

333. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Hoang U, Jones NR. Is there an association between exposure to air pollution and severity of COVID-19 infection? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

334. Copat C, Cristaldi A, Fiore M, et al. The role of air pollution (PM and NO₂) in COVID-19 spread and lethality: a systematic review. Environ Res. 2020 Aug 24;191:110129.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

335. Frontera A, Cianfanelli L, Vlachos K, et al. Severe air pollution links to higher mortality in COVID-19 patients: the “double-hit” hypothesis. J Infect. 2020 Aug;81(2):255-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

336. Ogen Y. Assessing nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels as a contributing factor to coronavirus (COVID-19) fatality. Sci Total Environ. 2020 Apr 11;726:138605.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

337. Polack FP, Thomas SJ, Kitchin N, et al. Safety and efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 31;383(27):2603-15.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

338. Baden LR, El Sahly HM, Essink B, et al. Efficacy and safety of the mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 4;384(5):403-16.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

339. World Health Organization. Interim recommendations for use of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, BNT162b2, under emergency use listing. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

340. World Health Organization. Interim recommendations for use of the Moderna mRNA-1273 vaccine against COVID-19: interim guidance. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

341. World Health Organization. Interim recommendations for use of the AZD1222 (ChAdOx1-S (recombinant)) vaccine against COVID-19 developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

342. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim public health recommendations for fully vaccinated people. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

343. Hall VJ, Foulkes S, Saei A, et al; SSRN. Effectiveness of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine against infection and COVID-19 vaccine coverage in healthcare workers in England, multicentre prospective cohort study (the SIREN study). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

344. Weekes M, Jones NK, Rivett L, et al; Authorea. Single-dose BNT162b2 vaccine protects against asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

345. Pawlowski C, Lenehan P, Puranik A, et al; medRxiv. FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines are effective per real-world evidence synthesized across a multi-state health system. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

346. Iacobucci G. Covid-19: single dose of Pfizer and Oxford vaccines cuts risk of hospital admission by 80% in over 80s, data suggest. BMJ. 2021 Mar 2;372:n612.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

347. Doshi P. Pandemrix vaccine: why was the public not told of early warning signs? BMJ. 2018 Sep 20;362:k3948.

348. Amit S, Beni SA, Biber A, et al. Post-vaccination COVID-19 among healthcare workers, Israel. Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 1;27(4).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

349. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA statement on following the authorized dosing schedules for COVID-19 vaccines. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

350. Department of Health & Social Care. Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation: advice on priority groups for COVID-19 vaccination, 30 December 2020. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

351. Department of Health & Social Care. Optimising the COVID-19 vaccination programme for maximum short-term impact. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

352. Iacobucci G, Mahase E. Covid-19 vaccination: what's the evidence for extending the dosing interval? BMJ. 2021 Jan 6;372:n18.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

353. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical considerations for use of COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized in the United States. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

354. Department of Health and Social Care. World-first COVID-19 alternating dose vaccine study launches in UK. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

355. Public Health England. Consent: the green book, chapter 2. 2013 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

356. Logunov DY, Dolzhikova IV, Zubkova OV, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of an rAd26 and rAd5 vector-based heterologous prime-boost COVID-19 vaccine in two formulations: two open, non-randomised phase 1/2 studies from Russia. Lancet. 2020 Sep 26;396(10255):887-97.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

357. Jeyanathan M, Afkhami S, Smaill F, et al. Immunological considerations for COVID-19 vaccine strategies. Nat Rev Immunol. 2020 Oct;20(10):615-32.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

358. Shimabukuro TT, Cole M, Su JR. Reports of anaphylaxis after receipt of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in the US: December 14, 2020 – January 18, 2021. JAMA. 2021 Feb 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

359. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Coronavirus vaccine: weekly summary of Yellow Card reporting. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

360. Castells MC, Phillips EJ. Maintaining safety with SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 18;384(7):643-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

361. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Oxford University/AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine approved. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

362. Blumenthal KG, Freeman EE, Saff RR, et al. Delayed large local reactions to mRNA-1273 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. N Engl J Med. 2021 Mar 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

363. Krammer F, Srivastava K, Simon V, et al. Robust spike antibody responses and increased reactogenicity in seropositive individuals after a single dose of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine. medRxiv. 2021 Feb 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window

364. Prendecki M, Clarke C, Brown J, et al. Effect of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection on humoral and T-cell responses to single-dose BNT162b2 vaccine. Lancet. 2021 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

365. Samanovic MI, Cornelius AR, Wilson JP, et al; medRxiv. Poor antigen-specific responses to the second BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine dose in SARS-CoV-2-experienced individuals. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

366. Norwegian Medicines Agency. Covid-19 vaccination associated with adverse drug reactions in elderly people who are frail. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

367. Torjesen I. Covid-19: Norway investigates 23 deaths in frail elderly patients after vaccination. BMJ. 2021 Jan 15;372:n149.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

368. Public Health England. The safety of COVID-19 vaccines when given in pregnancy. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

369. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer/BioNTech and COVID-19 vaccine AstraZeneca): current advice. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

370. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Vaccinating pregnant and lactating patients against COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

371. Dagan N, Barda N, Kepten E, et al. BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 vaccine in a nationwide mass vaccination setting. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

372. Rinott E, Youngster I, Lewis YE. Reduction in COVID-19 patients requiring mechanical ventilation following implementation of a national COVID-19 vaccination program: Israel, December 2020 – February 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Mar 5;70(9):326-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

373. Xie X, Zou J, Fontes-Garfias CR, et al. Neutralization of N501Y mutant SARS-CoV-2 by BNT162b2 vaccine-elicited sera. bioRxiv. 2021 Jan 7 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

374. Muik A, Wallisch AK, Sänger B, et al. Neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 lineage B.1.1.7 pseudovirus by BNT162b2 vaccine-elicited human sera. Science. 2021 Jan 29 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

375. Xie X, Liu Y, Liu J, et al. Neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 spike 69/70 deletion, E484K, and N501Y variants by BNT162b2 vaccine-elicited sera. bioRxiv. 2021 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

376. Stamatatos L, Czartoski J, Wan YH, et al; medRxiv. Antibodies elicited by SARS-CoV-2 infection and boosted by vaccination neutralize an emerging variant and SARS-CoV-1. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

377. Liu Y, Liu J, Xia H, et al. Neutralizing activity of BNT162b2-elicited serum: preliminary report. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

378. Pfizer Inc. Pfizer and Biontech initiate a study as part of broad development plan to evaluate COVID-19 booster and new vaccine variants. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

379. Wu K, Werner AP, Moliva JI, et al. mRNA-1273 vaccine induces neutralizing antibodies against spike mutants from global SARS-CoV-2 variants. bioRxiv. 2021 Jan 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

380. Wu K, Werner AP, Koch M, et al. Serum neutralizing activity elicited by mRNA-1273 vaccine: preliminary report. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

381. Moderna, Inc. Moderna COVID-19 vaccine retains neutralizing activity against emerging variants first identified in the UK and the Republic of South Africa. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

382. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Information for healthcare professionals on COVID-19 vaccine AstraZeneca. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

383. Voysey M, Costa Clemens SA, Madhi SA, et al. Single-dose administration and the influence of the timing of the booster dose on immunogenicity and efficacy of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AZD1222) vaccine: a pooled analysis of four randomised trials. Lancet. 2021 Feb 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

384. Emary KRW, Golubchik T, Aley PK, et al; SSRN. Efficacy of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AZD1222) vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 VOC 202012/01 (B.1.1.7). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

385. Mahase E. Covid-19: South Africa pauses use of Oxford vaccine after study casts doubt on efficacy against variant. BMJ. 2021 Feb 8;372:n372.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

386. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA briefing document: Janssen Ad26.COV2.S vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

387. Doshi P. Will covid-19 vaccines save lives? Current trials aren't designed to tell us. BMJ. 2020 Oct 21;371:m4037.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

388. Doshi P. Pfizer and Moderna’s “95% effective” vaccines—we need more details and the raw data. BMJ Opinion. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

389. Singh JA, Upshur REG. The granting of emergency use designation to COVID-19 candidate vaccines: implications for COVID-19 vaccine trials. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

390. WHO Ad Hoc Expert Group on the Next Steps for Covid-19 Vaccine Evaluation; Krause PR, Fleming TR, Longini IM, et al. Placebo-controlled trials of Covid-19 vaccines: why we still need them. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jan 14;384(2):e2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

391. Rid A, Lipsitch M, Miller FG. The ethics of continuing placebo in SARS-CoV-2 vaccine trials. JAMA. 2021 Jan 19;325(3):219-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

392. Padron-Regalado E. Vaccines for SARS-CoV-2: lessons from other coronavirus strains. Infect Dis Ther. 2020 Apr 23;:1-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

393. Hotez PJ, Corry DB, Bottazzi ME. COVID-19 vaccine design: the Janus face of immune enhancement. Nat Rev Immunol. 2020 Jun;20(6):347-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

394. World Health Organization. Infection prevention and control during health care when coronavirus disease (‎COVID-19) is suspected or confirmed: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

395. Liu M, Cheng SZ, Xu KW, et al. Use of personal protective equipment against coronavirus disease 2019 by healthcare professionals in Wuhan, China: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2020 Jun 10;369:m2195.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

396. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Khunti K, et al. What is the efficacy of standard face masks compared to respirator masks in preventing COVID-type respiratory illnesses in primary care staff? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

397. Razai MS, Doerholt K, Ladhani S, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19): a guide for UK GPs. BMJ. 2020 Mar 5;368:m800.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

398. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

399. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. How to protect yourself and others. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

400. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Heneghan C, Jefferson T. COVID-19 evidence is lacking for 2 meter distancing. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

401. Feng S, Shen C, Xia N, et al. Rational use of face masks in the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 May;8(5):434-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

402. Bundgaard H, Bundgaard JS, Raaschou-Pedersen DET, et al. Effectiveness of adding a mask recommendation to other public health measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection in Danish mask wearers: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Nov 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

403. Jefferson T, Del Mar CB, Dooley L, et al. Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Nov 20;(11):CD006207.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

404. Chou R, Dana T, Jungbauer R, et al. Masks for prevention of respiratory virus infections, including SARS-CoV-2, in health care and community settings: a living rapid review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 6;173(7):542-55.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

405. Chou R, Dana T, Jungbauer R, et al. Update alert 5: masks for prevention of respiratory virus infections, including SARS-CoV-2, in health care and community settings. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Mar 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

406. Lazzarino AI, Steptoe A, Hamer M, et al. Covid-19: important potential side effects of wearing face masks that we should bear in mind. BMJ. 2020 May 21;369:m2003.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

407. Bakhit M, Krzyzaniak N, Scott AM, et al. Downsides of face masks and possible mitigation strategies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2021 Feb 22;11(2):e044364.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

408. Sharma SK, Mishra M, Mudgal SK. Efficacy of cloth face mask in prevention of novel coronavirus infection transmission: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Educ Health Promot. 2020 Jul 28;9:192.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

409. MacIntyre CR, Seale H, Dung TC, et al. A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers. BMJ Open. 2015 Apr 22;5(4):e006577.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

410. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Serious adverse health events associated with methanol-based hand sanitizers. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

411. Mahmood A, Eqan M, Pervez S, et al. COVID-19 and frequent use of hand sanitizers; human health and environmental hazards by exposure pathways. Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jun 27;742:140561.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

412. Martin GC, Le Roux G, Guindolet D, et al. Pediatric eye injuries by hydroalcoholic gel in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2021 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

413. Burns J, Movsisyan A, Stratil JM, et al. Travel-related control measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Oct 5;(10):CD013717.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

414. Viswanathan M, Kahwati L, Jahn B, et al. Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 infection: a rapid review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Sep 15;(9):CD013718.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

415. Dollard P, Griffin I, Berro A, et al. Risk assessment and management of COVID-19 among travelers arriving at designated U.S. airports, January 17-September 13, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Nov 13;69(45):1681-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

416. Nussbaumer-Streit B, Mayr V, Dobrescu AI, et al. Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Sep 14:CD013574.全文 external link opens in a new window

417. Mahase E. China coronavirus: what do we know so far? BMJ. 2020 Jan 24;368:m308.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

418. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020 Mar 14;395(10227):912-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

419. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Mahtani KR, Heneghan C, Aronson JK. What is the evidence for social distancing during global pandemics? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

420. Lewnard JA, Lo NC. Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;20(6):631-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

421. Bendavid E, Oh C, Bhattacharya J, et al. Assessing mandatory stay-at-home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID-19. Eur J Clin Invest. 2021 Jan 5:e13484.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

422. Koo JR, Cook AR, Park M, et al. Interventions to mitigate early spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Singapore: a modelling study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;20(6):678-88.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

423. Bavli I, Sutton B, Galea S. Harms of public health interventions against covid-19 must not be ignored. BMJ. 2020 Nov 2;371:m4074.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

424. Chu IY, Alam P, Larson H, et al. Social consequences of mass quarantine during epidemics: a systematic review with implications for the COVID-19 response. J Travel Med. 2020 Oct 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

425. Public Health England. Guidance on shielding and protecting people who are clinically extremely vulnerable from COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

426. Ho FK, Celis-Morales CA, Gray SR, et al. Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for COVID-19, and comparison to risk factors for influenza and pneumonia: results from a UK Biobank prospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2020 Nov 19;10(11):e040402.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

427. World Health Organization. "Immunity passports" in the context of COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

428. Kofler N, Baylis F. Ten reasons why immunity passports are a bad idea. Nature. 2020 May;581(7809):379-81.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

429. Department of Health and Social Care. Everyone in the United Kingdom with symptoms now eligible for coronavirus tests. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

430. Struyf T, Deeks JJ, Dinnes J, et al. Signs and symptoms to determine if a patient presenting in primary care or hospital outpatient settings has COVID-19 disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Feb 23;(2):CD013665.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

431. World Health Organization. Diagnostic testing for SARS-CoV-2: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

432. Irfan O, Muttalib F, Tang K, et al. Clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes of paediatric COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child. 2021 Feb 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

433. World Health Organization. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents temporally related to COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

434. British Society of Thoracic Imaging. Thoracic imaging in COVID-19 infection: guidance for the reporting radiologist - version 2. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

435. Biobank. UK Biobank SARS-CoV-2 serology study. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

436. Yang BY, Barnard LM, Emert JM, et al. Clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) receiving emergency medical services in King County, Washington. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Jul 1;3(7):e2014549.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

437. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ten clinical tips on COVID-19 for healthcare providers involved in patient care. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

438. Mahase E. Covid-19: sore throat, fatigue, and myalgia are more common with new UK variant. BMJ. 2021 Jan 29;372:n288.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

439. King’s College London. No evidence of change in symptoms from new coronavirus variant. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

440. Sommer P, Lukovic E, Fagley E, et al. Initial clinical impressions of the critical care of COVID-19 patients in Seattle, New York City, and Chicago. Anesth Analg. 2020 Jul;131(1):55-60.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

441. Goyal P, Choi JJ, Pinheiro LC, et al. Clinical characteristics of Covid-19 in New York City. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 11;382(24):2372-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

442. Lechien JR, Chiesa-Estomba CM, Place S, et al. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 1,420 European patients with mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease 2019. J Intern Med. 2020 Sep;288(3):335-44.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

443. Matar R, Alrahmani L, Monzer N, et al. Clinical presentation and outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

444. Allotey J, Stallings E, Bonet M, et al. Clinical manifestations, risk factors, and maternal and perinatal outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: living systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2020 Sep 1;370:m3320.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

445. Lechien JR, Chetrit A, Chekkoury-Idrissi Y, et al. Parotitis-like symptoms associated with COVID-19, France, March-April 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 3;26(9).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

446. Martín Carreras-Presas C, Amaro Sánchez J, López-Sánchez AF, et al. Oral vesiculobullous lesions associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Oral Dis. 2020 May 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

447. Marinho PM, Marcos AAA, Romano AC, et al. Retinal findings in patients with COVID-19. Lancet. 2020 May 23;395(10237):1610.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

448. Wambier CG, Vaño-Galván S, McCoy J, et al. Androgenetic alopecia present in the majority of hospitalized COVID-19 patients: the "Gabrin sign". J Am Acad Dermatol. 2020 May 21;83(2):680-2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

449. Davis B, Rothrock AN, Swetland S, et al. Viral and atypical respiratory co-infections in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2020 Jun 19;1(4):533-48.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

450. Lansbury L, Lim B, Baskaran V, et al. Co-infections in people with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Infect. 2020 Aug;81(2):266-75.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

451. Langford BJ, So M, Raybardhan S, et al. Bacterial co-infection and secondary infection in patients with COVID-19: a living rapid review and meta-analysis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020 Dec;26(12):1622-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

452. Gayam V, Konala VM, Naramala S, et al. Presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes of patients coinfected with COVID-19 and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in the USA. J Med Virol. 2020 Oct;92(10):2181-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

453. Ding Q, Lu P, Fan Y, et al. The clinical characteristics of pneumonia patients coinfected with 2019 novel coronavirus and influenza virus in Wuhan, China. J Med Virol. 2020 Sep;92(9):1549-55.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

454. Cuadrado-Payán E, Montagud-Marrahi E, Torres-Elorza M, et al. SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus co-infection. Lancet. 2020 May 16;395(10236):e84.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

455. Sarkar S, Khanna P, Singh AK. Impact of COVID-19 in patients with concurrent co-infections: a systematic review and meta-analyses. J Med Virol. 2020 Dec 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

456. Mahase E. Covid-19: Children less likely to report fever, persistent cough, or appetite loss, large UK study finds. BMJ. 2021 Feb 10;372:n408.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

457. Lorenz N, Treptow A, Schmidt S, et al. Neonatal early-onset infection with SARS-CoV-2 in a newborn presenting with encephalitic symptoms. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 Aug;39(8):e212.摘要 external link opens in a new window

458. Chacón-Aguilar R, Osorio-Cámara JM, Sanjurjo-Jimenez I, et al. COVID-19: fever syndrome and neurological symptoms in a neonate. An Pediatr (Engl Ed). 2020 Apr 27;92(6):373-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

459. Sinelli MT, Paterlini G, Citterio M, et al. Early neonatal SARS-CoV-2 infection manifesting with hypoxemia requiring respiratory support. Pediatrics. 2020 Jul;146(1):e20201121.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

460. Rubens JH, Akindele NP, Tschudy MM, et al. Acute covid-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. BMJ. 2021 Mar 1;372:n385.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

461. Xia W, Shao J, Guo Y, et al. Clinical and CT features in pediatric patients with COVID-19 infection: different points from adults. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 May;55(5):1169-74.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

462. DeBiasi RL, Song X, Delaney M, et al. Severe COVID-19 in children and young adults in the Washington, DC metropolitan region. J Pediatr. 2020 Aug;223:199-203.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

463. Ikeuchi K, Saito M, Yamamoto S, et al. Relative bradycardia in patients with mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease, Japan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 1;26(10).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

464. Xie J, Tong Z, Guan X, et al. Critical care crisis and some recommendations during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Intensive Care Med. 2020 May;46(5):837-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

465. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical guidance for management of patients with confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

466. US Food and Drug Administration. Pulse oximeter accuracy and limitations: FDA safety communication. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

467. Royal College of Physicians. NEWS2 and deterioration in COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

468. Li LQ, Huang T, Wang YQ, et al. COVID-19 patients' clinical characteristics, discharge rate, and fatality rate of meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2020 Jun;92(6):577-83.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

469. Zhu J, Zhong Z, Ji P, et al. Clinicopathological characteristics of 8697 patients with COVID-19 in China: a meta-analysis. Fam Med Community Health. 2020 Apr;8(2).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

470. Zhang ZL, Hou YL, Li DT, et al. Laboratory findings of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2020 May 23:1-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

471. Wu H, Zhu H, Yuan C, et al. Clinical and immune features of hospitalized pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Jun 1;3(6):e2010895.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

472. Henry BM, Benoit SW, de Oliveira MHS, et al. Laboratory abnormalities in children with mild and severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a pooled analysis and review. Clin Biochem. 2020 Jul;81:1-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

473. Kronbichler A, Kresse D, Yoon S, et al. Asymptomatic patients as a source of COVID-19 infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Sep;98:180-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

474. Crozier A, Rajan S, Buchan I, et al. Put to the test: use of rapid testing technologies for covid-19. BMJ. 2021 Feb 3;372:n208.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

475. World Health Organization. WHO information notice for IVD users 2020/05. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

476. Public Health England. COVID-19: investigation and initial clinical management of possible cases. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

477. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overview of testing for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

478. American Academy of Pediatrics. COVID-19 testing guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

479. Bastos ML, Perlman-Arrow S, Menzies D, et al. The sensitivity and costs of testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection with saliva versus nasopharyngeal swabs: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

480. Butler-Laporte G, Lawandi A, Schiller I, et al. Comparison of saliva and nasopharyngeal swab nucleic acid amplification testing for detection of SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jan 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

481. Cañete MG, Valenzuela IM, Garcés PC, et al. Saliva sample for the massive screening of SARS-CoV-2 infection: a systematic review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2021 Feb 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

482. Moreira VM, Mascarenhas P, Machado V, et al. Diagnosis of SARS-Cov-2 infection by RT-PCR using specimens other than naso- and oropharyngeal swabs: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diagnostics (Basel). 2021 Feb 21;11(2):363.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

483. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines on the diagnosis of COVID-19: molecular diagnostic testing. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

484. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim guidelines for collecting and handling of clinical specimens for COVID-19 testing. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

485. Gupta K, Bellino PM, Charness ME. Adverse effects of nasopharyngeal swabs: three-dimensional printed versus commercial swabs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2020 Jun 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

486. Sullivan CB, Schwalje AT, Jensen M, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid leak after nasal swab testing for coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Dec 1;146(12):1179-81.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

487. Wu X, Cai Y, Huang X, et al. Co-infection with SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A virus in patient with pneumonia, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 11;26(6).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

488. Jarrom D, Elston L, Washington J, et al. Effectiveness of tests to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus, and antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, to inform COVID-19 diagnosis: a rapid systematic review. BMJ Evid Based Med. 2020 Oct 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

489. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Jefferson T, Heneghan C, Spencer EA, et al. Are you infectious if you have a positive PCR test result for COVID-19? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

490. Jefferson T, Spencer E, Brassey J, et al; medRxiv. Viral cultures for COVID-19 infectivity assessment: systematic review. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

491. Watson J, Whiting PF, Brush JE. Interpreting a covid-19 test result. BMJ. 2020 May 12;369:m1808.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

492. Jefferson T, Spencer EA, Brassey J, et al. Viral cultures for COVID-19 infectious potential assessment: a systematic review. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

493. Bullard J, Dust K, Funk D, et al. Predicting infectious SARS-CoV-2 from diagnostic samples. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 May 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

494. La Scola B, Le Bideau M, Andreani J, et al. Viral RNA load as determined by cell culture as a management tool for discharge of SARS-CoV-2 patients from infectious disease wards. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;39(6):1059-61.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

495. Surkova E, Nikolayevskyy V, Drobniewski F. False-positive COVID-19 results: hidden problems and costs. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Dec;8(12):1167-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

496. Floriano I, Silvinato A, Bernardo WM, et al. Accuracy of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test in the diagnosis of acute respiratory syndrome due to coronavirus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2020 Jul;66(7):880-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

497. Public Health Laboratory Network. PHLN statement on nucleic acid test false positive results for SARS-CoV-2. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

498. Australian Government Department of Health. COVID-19 testing in Australia: information for health professionals. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

499. US Food and Drug Administration. CDC 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) real-time RT-PCR diagnostic panel. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

500. Government Office for Science; Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies. Impact of false-positives and false-negatives in the UK’s COVID-19 RT-PCR testing programme. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

501. Arevalo-Rodriguez I, Buitrago-Garcia D, Simancas-Racines D, et al. False-negative results of initial RT-PCR assays for COVID-19: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2020 Dec 10;15(12):e0242958.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

502. Kucirka LM, Lauer SA, Laeyendecker O, et al. Variation in false-negative rate of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction–based SARS-CoV-2 tests by time since exposure. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Aug 18;173(4):262-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

503. Watson J, Richter A, Deeks J. Testing for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. BMJ. 2020 Sep 8;370:m3325.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

504. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim guidelines for COVID-19 antibody testing. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

505. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines on the diagnosis of COVID-19: serologic testing. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

506. Long QX, Liu BZ, Deng HJ, et al. Antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in patients with COVID-19. Nat Med. 2020 Jun;26(6):845-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

507. Qu J, Wu C, Li X, et al. Profile of IgG and IgM antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

508. Deeks JJ, Dinnes J, Takwoingi Y, et al. Antibody tests for identification of current and past infection with SARS-CoV-2. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Jun 25;(6):CD013652.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

509. World Health Organization. Advice on the use of point-of-care immunodiagnostic tests for COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

510. Lisboa Bastos M, Tavaziva G, Abidi SK, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of serological tests for covid-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2020 Jul 1;370:m2516.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

511. World Health Organization. Antigen-detection in the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection using rapid immunoassays: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

512. US Food and Drug Administration. Potential for false positive results with antigen tests for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2: letter to clinical laboratory staff and health care providers. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

513. Pekosz A, Parvu V, Li M, et al. Antigen-based testing but not real-time polymerase chain reaction correlates with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 viral culture. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

514. Poon LC, Yang H, Kapur A, et al. Global interim guidance on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) during pregnancy and puerperium from FIGO and allied partners: information for healthcare professionals. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

515. Song F, Shi N, Shan F, et al. Emerging coronavirus 2019-nCoV pneumonia. Radiology. 2020 Feb 6:200274.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

516. World Health Organization. Use of chest imaging in COVID-19: a rapid advice guide. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

517. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Park JY, Freer R, Stevens R, et al. The accuracy of chest CT in the diagnosis of COVID-19: an umbrella review. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

518. Tavare AN, Braddy A, Brill S, et al. Managing high clinical suspicion COVID-19 inpatients with negative RT-PCR: a pragmatic and limited role for thoracic CT. Thorax. 2020 Jul;75(7):537-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

519. American College of Radiology. ACR recommendations for the use of chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) for suspected COVID-19 infection. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

520. Sun P, Qie S, Liu Z, et al. Clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: a single arm meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2020 Jun;92(6):612-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

521. Li Z, Yi Y, Luo X, et al. Development and clinical application of a rapid IgM-IgG combined antibody test for SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis. J Med Virol. 2020 Sep;92(9):1518-24.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

522. Chen C, Zhu C, Yan D, et al. The epidemiological and radiographical characteristics of asymptomatic infections with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 12;104:458-64.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

523. Yang W, Cao Q, Qin L, et al. Clinical characteristics and imaging manifestations of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a multi-center study in Wenzhou city, Zhejiang, China. J Infect. 2020 Apr;80(4):388-93.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

524. Long C, Xu H, Shen Q, et al. Diagnosis of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19): rRT-PCR or CT? Eur J Radiol. 2020 Mar 25;126:108961.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

525. Oshay RR, Chen MYC, Fields BKK, et al. COVID-19 in pregnancy: a systematic review of chest CT findings and associated clinical features in 427 patients. Clin Imaging. 2021 Jan 13;75:75-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

526. Mair MDD, Hussain M, Siddiqui S, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the diagnostic accuracy of initial RT-PCR and CT scan in suspected COVID-19 patients. Br J Radiol. 2020 Dec 22:20201039.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

527. Ojha V, Mani A, Pandey NN, et al. CT in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review of chest CT findings in 4410 adult patients. Eur Radiol. 2020 Nov;30(11):6129-38.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

528. Garg M, Gupta P, Maralakunte M, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of CT and radiographic findings for novel coronavirus 2019 pneumonia: systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Imaging. 2020 Nov 11;72:75-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

529. Hossein H, Ali KM, Hosseini M, et al. Value of chest computed tomography scan in diagnosis of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Transl Imaging. 2020 Oct 12:1-13.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

530. Zhao D, Yao F, Wang L, et al. A comparative study on the clinical features of COVID-19 pneumonia to other pneumonias. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 28;71(15):756-61.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

531. Kumar J, Meena J, Yadav A, et al. Radiological findings of COVID-19 in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Trop Pediatr. 2020 Jul 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

532. Park GS, Ku K, Baek SH, et al. Development of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays targeting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. J Mol Diagn. 2020 Jun;22(6):729-35.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

533. Baek YH, Um J, Antigua KJC, et al. Development of a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification as a rapid early-detection method for novel SARS-CoV-2. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2020 Apr 20:1-31.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

534. Lu R, Wu X, Wan Z, et al. A novel reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Apr 18;21(8).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

535. Mohamed MFH, Al-Shokri S, Yousaf Z, et al. Frequency of abnormalities detected by point-of-care lung ultrasound in symptomatic COVID-19 patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 Aug;103(2):815-21.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

536. Moro F, Buonsenso D, Moruzzi MC, et al. How to perform lung ultrasound in pregnant women with suspected COVID-19 infection. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2020 May;55(5):593-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

537. Denina M, Scolfaro C, Silvestro E, et al. Lung ultrasound in children with COVID-19. Pediatrics. 2020 Jul;146(1):e20201157.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

538. Pillai K, Hewage S, Harky A. The role of the lung ultrasound in coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review. J Med Ultrasound. 2020 Oct-Dec;28(4):207-12.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

539. Udeh R, Advani S, de Guadiana Romualdo LG, et al. Calprotectin, an emerging biomarker of interest in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Med. 2021 Feb 15;10(4):775.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

540. Guan WJ, Ni ZY, Hu Y, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 30;382(18):1708-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

541. Lu X, Zhang L, Du H, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 23;382(17):1663-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

542. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA. 2020 Feb 7;323(11):1061-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

543. Grant MC, Geoghegan L, Arbyn M, et al. The prevalence of symptoms in 24,410 adults infected by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis of 148 studies from 9 countries. PLoS One. 2020 Jun 23;15(6):e0234765.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

544. Agyeman AA, Chin KL, Landersdorfer CB, et al. Smell and taste dysfunction in patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2020 Aug;95(8):1621-31.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

545. Eliezer M, Hautefort C, Hamel AL, et al. Sudden and complete olfactory loss function as a possible symptom of COVID-19. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Jul 1;146(7):674-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

546. Santos REA, da Silva MG, do Monte Silva MCB, et al. Onset and duration of symptoms of loss of smell/taste in patients with COVID-19: a systematic review. Am J Otolaryngol. 2021 Jan 6;42(2):102889.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

547. Boscolo-Rizzo P, Borsetto D, Fabbris C, et al. Evolution of altered sense of smell or taste in patients with mildly symptomatic COVID-19. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Jul 2;146(8):729-32.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

548. Hariyanto TI, Rizki NA, Kurniawan A. Anosmia/hyposmia is a good predictor of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection: a meta-analysis. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2021 Jan;25(1):e170-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

549. Ferraro S, Tuccori M, Convertino I, et al. Olfactory and gustatory impairments in COVID-19 patients: role in early diagnosis and interferences by concomitant drugs. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Nov 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

550. Parisi S, Borrelli R, Bianchi S, et al. Viral arthritis and COVID-19. Lancet Rheumatol. 2020 Nov;2(11):e655-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

551. Tariq R, Saha S, Furqan F, et al. Prevalence and mortality of COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2020 Aug;95(8):1632-48.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

552. Chen A, Agarwal A, Ravindran N, et al. Are gastrointestinal symptoms specific for coronavirus infection? A prospective case-control study from the United States. Gastroenterology. 2020 Sep;159(3):1161-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

553. Aziz M, Haghbin H, Lee-Smith W, et al. Gastrointestinal predictors of severe COVID-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Gastroenterol. 2020 Nov-Dec;33(6):615-30.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

554. Zeng W, Qi K, Ye M, et al. Gastrointestinal symptoms are associated with severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jan 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

555. Shehab M, Alrashed F, Shuaibi S, et al. Gastroenterological and hepatic manifestations of patients with COVID-19, prevalence, mortality by country, and intensive care admission rate: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open Gastroenterol. 2021 Mar;8(1):e000571.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

556. Guotao L, Xingpeng Z, Zhihui D, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection presenting with hematochezia. Med Mal Infect. 2020 May;50(3):293-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

557. Helms J, Kremer S, Merdji H, et al. Neurologic features in severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 4;382(23):2268-70.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

558. Chen T, Wu D, Chen H, et al. Clinical characteristics of 113 deceased patients with coronavirus disease 2019: retrospective study. BMJ. 2020 Mar 26;368:m1091.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

559. Pun BT, Badenes R, Heras La Calle G, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for delirium in critically ill patients with COVID-19 (COVID-D): a multicentre cohort study. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Jan 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

560. Cénat JM, Blais-Rochette C, Kokou-Kpolou CK, et al. Prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and psychological distress among populations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res. 2020 Nov 26;295:113599.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

561. National Institute for Health Research. Brain and nerve complications are more common than expected in younger patients with severe COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

562. Varatharaj A, Thomas N, Ellul MA, et al. Neurological and neuropsychiatric complications of COVID-19 in 153 patients: a UK-wide surveillance study. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020 Oct;7(10):875-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

563. Nasiri N, Sharifi H, Bazrafshan A, et al. Ocular manifestations of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2021 Jan-Mar;16(1):103-12.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

564. Inomata T, Kitazawa K, Kuno T, et al. Clinical and prodromal ocular symptoms in coronavirus disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2020 Aug 3;61(10):29.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

565. Ma N, Li P, Wang X, et al. Ocular manifestations and clinical characteristics of children with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020 Oct 1;138(10):1079-86.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

566. Bandhala Rajan M, Kumar-M P, Bhardwaj A. The trend of cutaneous lesions during COVID-19 pandemic: lessons from a meta-analysis and systematic review. Int J Dermatol. 2020 Sep 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

567. Bataille V, Visconti A, Rossi R, et al; medRxiv. Diagnostic value of skin manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

568. Creta M, Sagnelli C, Celentano G, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection affects the lower urinary tract and male genital system: a systematic review. J Med Virol. 2021 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

569. Casey K, Iteen A, Nicolini R, et al. COVID-19 pneumonia with hemoptysis: acute segmental pulmonary emboli associated with novel coronavirus infection. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Jul;38(7):1544.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

570. US Food and Drug Administration. Genetic variants of SARS-CoV-2 may lead to false negative results with molecular tests for detection of SARS-CoV-2: letter to clinical laboratory staff and health care providers. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

571. Danwang C, Endomba FT, Nkeck JR, et al. A meta-analysis of potential biomarkers associated with severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Biomark Res. 2020 Aug 31;8:37.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

572. Foy BH, Carlson JCT, Reinertsen E, et al. Association of red blood cell distribution width with mortality risk in hospitalized adults with SARS-CoV-2 infection. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2022058.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

573. Huang W, Berube J, McNamara M, et al. Lymphocyte subset counts in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis. Cytometry A. 2020 Aug;97(8):772-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

574. Chen W, Li Z, Yang B, et al. Delayed-phase thrombocytopenia in patients of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Br J Haematol. 2020 Jul;190(2):179-84.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

575. Chen D, Li X, Song Q, et al. Assessment of hypokalemia and clinical characteristics in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in Wenzhou, China. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Jun 1;3(6):e2011122.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

576. Liu J, Han P, Wu J, et al. Prevalence and predictive value of hypocalcemia in severe COVID-19 patients. J Infect Public Health. 2020 Sep;13(9):1224-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

577. Martha JW, Wibowo A, Pranata R. Hypocalcemia is associated with severe COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2021 Jan 18;15(1):337-42.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

578. Lazarus G, Audrey J, Kharisma Wangsaputra V, et al. High admission blood glucose independently predicts poor prognosis in COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Dec 9:108561.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

579. Klonoff DC, Messler JC, Umpierrez GE, et al. Association between achieving inpatient glycemic control and clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a multicenter, retrospective hospital-based analysis. Diabetes Care. 2020 Dec 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

580. Nugroho J, Wardhana A, Mulia EP, et al. Elevated fibrinogen and fibrin degradation product are associated with poor outcome in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2020 Oct 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

581. Shah S, Shah K, Patel SB, et al. Elevated D-dimer levels are associated with increased risk of mortality in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cardiol Rev. 2020 Nov/Dec;28(6):295-302.摘要 external link opens in a new window

582. Leonard-Lorant I, Delabranche X, Severac F, et al. Acute pulmonary embolism in COVID-19 patients on CT angiography and relationship to D-dimer levels. Radiology. 2020 Apr 23:201561.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

583. Mucha SR, Dugar S, McCrae K, et al. Coagulopathy in COVID-19. Cleve Clin J Med. 2020 Jul 31;87(8):461-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

584. Han H, Xie L, Liu R, et al. Analysis of heart injury laboratory parameters in 273 COVID-19 patients in one hospital in Wuhan, China. J Med Virol. 2020 Jul;92(7):819-23.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

585. Aboughdir M, Kirwin T, Abdul Khader A, et al. Prognostic value of cardiovascular biomarkers in COVID-19: a review. Viruses. 2020 May 11;12(5).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

586. Smilowitz NR, Kunichoff D, Garshick M, et al. C-reactive protein and clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19. Eur Heart J. 2021 Jan 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

587. Soraya GV, Ulhaq ZS. Interleukin-6 levels in children developing SARS-CoV-2 infection. Pediatr Neonatol. 2020 Jun;61(3):253-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

588. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: antibiotics for pneumonia in adults in hospital. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

589. Metlay JP, Waterer GW. Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Aug 18;173(4):304-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

590. Cheng L, Li H, Li L, et al. Ferritin in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Lab Anal. 2020 Oct 19:e23618.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

591. Mehta P, McAuley DF, Brown M, et al. COVID-19: consider cytokine storm syndromes and immunosuppression. Lancet. 2020 Mar 28;395(10229):1033-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

592. Fu J, Huang PP, Zhang S, et al. The value of serum amyloid A for predicting the severity and recovery of COVID-19. Exp Ther Med. 2020 Oct;20(4):3571-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

593. Kim H, Hong H, Yoon SH. Diagnostic performance of CT and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for coronavirus disease 2019: a meta-analysis. Radiology. 2020 Apr 17:201343.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

594. Lv M, Wang M, Yang N, et al. Chest computed tomography for the diagnosis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a rapid review and meta-analysis. Ann Transl Med. 2020 May;8(10):622.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

595. Ai T, Yang Z, Hou H, et al. Correlation of chest CT and RT-PCR testing in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China: a report of 1014 cases. Radiology. 2020 Feb 26:200642.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

596. US Food and Drug Administration. Coronavirus (COVID-19) update: FDA authorizes antigen test as first over-the-counter fully at-home diagnostic test for COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

597. US Food and Drug Administration. Coronavirus (COVID-19) update: FDA authorizes first COVID-19 test for self-testing at home. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

598. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing suspected or confirmed pneumonia in adults in the community. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

599. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Heneghan C, Pluddemann A, Mahtani KR. Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

600. Hani C, Trieu NH, Saab I, et al. COVID-19 pneumonia: a review of typical CT findings and differential diagnosis. Diagn Interv Imaging. 2020 May;101(5):263-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

601. Pormohammad A, Ghorbani S, Khatami A, et al. Comparison of influenza type A and B with COVID-19: a global systematic review and meta-analysis on clinical, laboratory and radiographic findings. Rev Med Virol. 2020 Oct 9:e2179.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

602. Solomon DA, Sherman AC, Kanjilal S. Influenza in the COVID-19 era. JAMA. 2020 Oct 6;324(13):1342-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

603. Song X, Delaney M, Shah RK, et al. Comparison of clinical features of COVID-19 vs seasonal influenza A and B in US children. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2020495.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

604. Beltrán-Corbellini Á, Chico-García JL, Martínez-Poles J, et al. Acute-onset smell and taste disorders in the context of Covid-19: a pilot multicenter PCR-based case-control study. Eur J Neurol. 2020 Apr 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

605. Liu M, Zeng W, Wen Y, et al. COVID-19 pneumonia: CT findings of 122 patients and differentiation from influenza pneumonia. Eur Radiol. 2020 Oct;30(10):5463-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

606. Yin Z, Kang Z, Yang D, et al. A comparison of clinical and chest CT findings in patients with influenza A (H1N1) virus infection and coronavirus disease (COVID-19). AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020 May 26:1-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

607. Luo Y, Yuan X, Xue Y, et al. Using the diagnostic model based on routine laboratory tests to distinguish patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 from those infected with influenza virus. Int J Infect Dis. 2020 May 1;95:436-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

608. Zarei F, Reza J, Sefidbakht S, et al. Aspiration pneumonia or COVID-19 infection: a diagnostic challenge. Acad Radiol. 2020 Jul;27(7):1046.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

609. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: delivery of systemic anticancer treatments. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

610. World Health Organization. Home care for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and management of their contacts: interim guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

611. Public Health England. Guidance for contacts of people with confirmed coronavirus (COVID-19) infection who do not live with the person. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

612. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Options to reduce quarantine for contacts of persons with SARS-CoV-2 infection using symptom monitoring and diagnostic testing. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

613. World Health Organization. Updated WHO recommendations for international traffic in relation to COVID-19 outbreak. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

614. Arima Y, Shimada T, Suzuki M, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection among returnees to Japan from Wuhan, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 10;26(7).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

615. Kwon KT, Ko JH, Shin H, et al. Drive-through screening center for COVID-19: a safe and efficient screening system against massive community outbreak. J Korean Med Sci. 2020 Mar 23;35(11):e123.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

616. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Don’t rely on temperature screening products for detection of coronavirus (COVID-19), says MHRA. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

617. Aggarwal N, Garg M, Dwarakanathan V, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of non-contact infrared thermometers and thermal scanners: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Travel Med. 2020 Oct 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

618. Chen G, Xie J, Dai G, et al; medRxiv. Validity of wrist and forehead temperature in temperature screening in the general population during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus: a prospective real-world study. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

619. Khan DS, Saultry MB, Adams DS, et al. Comparative accuracy testing of non-contact infrared thermometers and temporal artery thermometers in an adult hospital setting. Am J Infect Control. 2020 Oct 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

620. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: critical care in adults. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

621. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing symptoms (including at the end of life) in the community. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

622. World Health Organization. Therapeutics and COVID-19: living guideline. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

623. Petrilli CM, Jones SA, Yang J, et al. Factors associated with hospital admission and critical illness among 5279 people with coronavirus disease 2019 in New York City: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2020 May 22;369:m1966.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

624. CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Coronavirus disease 2019 in children: United States, February 12 - April 2, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Apr 10;69(14):422-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

625. Götzinger F, Santiago-García B, Noguera-Julián A, et al. COVID-19 in children and adolescents in Europe: a multinational, multicentre cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Jun 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

626. Williams N, Radia T, Harman K, et al. COVID-19 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children and adolescents: a systematic review of critically unwell children and the association with underlying comorbidities. Eur J Pediatr. 2020 Sep 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

627. Abate SM, Ahmed Ali S, Mantfardo B, et al. Rate of intensive care unit admission and outcomes among patients with coronavirus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2020 Jul 10;15(7):e0235653.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

628. Armstrong RA, Kane AD, Kursumovic E, et al. Mortality in patients admitted to intensive care with COVID-19: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Anaesthesia. 2021 Feb 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

629. Bhatraju PK, Ghassemieh BJ, Nichols M, et al. Covid-19 in critically ill patients in the Seattle region: case series. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 30 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

630. Argenziano MG, Bruce SL, Slater CL, et al. Characterization and clinical course of 1000 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in New York: retrospective case series. BMJ. 2020 May 29;369:m1996.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

631. Chang R, Elhusseiny KM, Yeh YC, et al. COVID-19 ICU and mechanical ventilation patient characteristics and outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2021 Feb 11;16(2):e0246318.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

632. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Discontinuation of isolation for persons with COVID-19 not in healthcare settings. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

633. Public Health England. Guidance for stepdown of infection control precautions and discharging COVID-19 patients. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

634. European Medicines Agency. EMA gives advice on the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories for COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

635. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA advises patients on use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

636. Little P. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and covid-19. BMJ. 2020 Mar 27;368:m1185.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

637. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency; Commission on Human Medicines. Commission on Human Medicines advice on ibuprofen and coronavirus (COVID-19). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

638. World Health Organization. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

639. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: acute use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for people with or at risk of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

640. Wong AY, MacKenna B, Morton CE, et al. Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of death from COVID-19: an OpenSAFELY cohort analysis based on two cohorts. Ann Rheum Dis. 2021 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

641. Abuelgasim H, Albury C, Lee J. Effectiveness of honey for symptomatic relief in upper respiratory tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Evid Based Med. 2020 Aug 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

642. Whitcroft KL, Hummel T. Olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19: diagnosis and management. JAMA. 2020 May 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

643. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Discontinuation of transmission-based precautions and disposition of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare settings. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

644. NHS England. COVID-19 therapy: corticosteroids including dexamethasone and hydrocortisone. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

645. Pranata R, Henrina J, Lim MA, et al. Clinical frailty scale and mortality in COVID-19: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2021 Mar-Apr;93:104324.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

646. Cosco TD, Best J, Davis D, et al. What is the relationship between validated frailty scores and mortality for adults with COVID-19 in acute hospital care? A systematic review. Age Ageing. 2021 Jan 14 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

647. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Allsop M, Ziegler L, Fu Y, et al. Is oxygen an effective treatment option to alleviate the symptoms of breathlessness for patients dying with COVID-19 and what are the potential harms? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

648. Alhazzani W, Evans L, Alshamsi F, et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines on the management of adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the ICU: first update. Crit Care Med. 2021 Jan 28 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

649. NHS England. Clinical guide for the optimal use of oxygen therapy during the coronavirus pandemic. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

650. Caputo ND, Strayer RJ, Levitan R. Early self-proning in awake, non-intubated patients in the emergency department: a single ED's experience during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 May;27(5):375-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

651. Ng Z, Tay WC, Ho CHB. Awake prone positioning for non-intubated oxygen dependent COVID-19 pneumonia patients. Eur Respir J. 2020 May 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

652. Golestani-Eraghi M, Mahmoodpoor A. Early application of prone position for management of Covid-19 patients. J Clin Anesth. 2020 May 26;66:109917.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

653. Thompson AE, Ranard BL, Wei Y, et al. Prone positioning in awake, nonintubated patients with COVID-19 hypoxemic respiratory failure. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Jun 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

654. Coppo A, Bellani G, Winterton D, et al. Feasibility and physiological effects of prone positioning in non-intubated patients with acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19 (PRON-COVID): a prospective cohort study. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Jun 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

655. Mojoli F, Mongodi S, Orlando A, et al. Our recommendations for acute management of COVID-19. Crit Care. 2020 May 8;24(1):207.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

656. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Jones L, Candy B, Roberts N, et al. How can healthcare workers adapt non-pharmacological treatment – whilst maintaining safety – when treating people with COVID-19 and delirium? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

657. Public Health England. Mouth care for hospitalised patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

658. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism in over 16s with COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

659. Barnes GD, Burnett A, Allen A, et al. Thromboembolism and anticoagulant therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic: interim clinical guidance from the Anticoagulation Forum. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2020 May 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

660. Moores LK, Tritschler T, Brosnahan S, et al. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of VTE in patients with coronavirus disease 2019: CHEST guideline and expert panel report. Chest. 2020 Jun 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

661. American Society Of Hematology. COVID-19 and VTE/anticoagulation: frequently asked questions. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

662. Bikdeli B, Madhavan MV, Jimenez D, et al. COVID-19 and thrombotic or thromboembolic disease: implications for prevention, antithrombotic therapy, and follow-up. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 Apr 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

663. Thachil J, Tang N, Gando S, et al. ISTH interim guidance on recognition and management of coagulopathy in COVID-19. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 May;18(5):1023-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

664. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Therapeutic anticoagulation (heparin) in the management of severe COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 positive) patients. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

665. Flumignan RL, Tinôco JDS, Pascoal PI, et al. Prophylactic anticoagulants for people hospitalised with COVID-19. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Oct 2;(10):CD013739.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

666. Nadkarni GN, Lala A, Bagiella E, et al. Anticoagulation, mortality, bleeding and pathology among patients hospitalized with COVID-19: a single health system study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 Aug 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

667. Rentsch CT, Beckman JA, Tomlinson L, et al. Early initiation of prophylactic anticoagulation for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 mortality in patients admitted to hospital in the United States: cohort study. BMJ. 2021 Feb 11;372:n311.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

668. Langford BJ, So M, Raybardhan S, et al. Antibiotic prescribing in patients with COVID-19: rapid review and meta-analysis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2021 Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

669. WHO Rapid Evidence Appraisal for COVID-19 Therapies (REACT) Working Group; Sterne JAC, Murthy S, Diaz JV, et al. Association between administration of systemic corticosteroids and mortality among critically ill patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2020 Sep 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

670. Lamontagne F, Agoritsas T, Macdonald H, et al. A living WHO guideline on drugs for covid-19: update 3. BMJ. 2020 Dec 17;370:m3379.全文 external link opens in a new window

671. RECOVERY Collaborative Group; Horby P, Lim WS, Emberson JR, et al. Dexamethasone in hospitalized patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 25;384(8):693-704.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

672. Siemieniuk RA, Bartoszko JJ, Ge L, et al. Drug treatments for covid-19: living systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMJ. 2020 Jul 30;370:m2980.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

673. Siemieniuk RA, Bartoszko JJ, Ge L, et al. Update to living systematic review on drug treatments for covid-19. BMJ. 2020 Dec 17;371:m4852.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

674. European Medicines Agency. EMA endorses use of dexamethasone in COVID-19 patients on oxygen or mechanical ventilation. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

675. Bhimraj A, Morgan RL, Hirsch Shumaker A, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines on the treatment and management of patients with COVID-19 infection. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

676. Ramakrishnan S, Nicolau DV, Nicolau B, et al; medRxiv. Inhaled budesonide in the treatment of early COVID-19 illness: a randomised controlled trial. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

677. Canelli R, Connor CW, Gonzalez M, et al. Barrier enclosure during endotracheal intubation. N Engl J Med. 2020 May 14;382(20):1957-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

678. Matava CT, Yu J, Denning S. Clear plastic drapes may be effective at limiting aerosolization and droplet spray during extubation: implications for COVID-19. Can J Anaesth. 2020 Apr 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

679. Lucchini A, Giani M, Isgrò S, et al. The "helmet bundle" in COVID-19 patients undergoing non invasive ventilation. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2020 Apr 2:102859.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

680. Adir Y, Segol O, Kompaniets D, et al. Covid19: minimising risk to healthcare workers during aerosol producing respiratory therapy using an innovative constant flow canopy. Eur Respir J. 2020 Apr 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

681. McEnery T, Gough C, Costello RW. COVID-19: respiratory support outside the intensive care unit. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Apr 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

682. NHS England. Guidance for the role and use of non-invasive respiratory support in adult patients with COVID19 (confirmed or suspected). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

683. Li J, Fink JB, Ehrmann S. High-flow nasal cannula for COVID-19 patients: low risk of bio-aerosol dispersion. Eur Respir J. 2020 May 14;55(5):2000892.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

684. Schünemann HJ, Khabsa J, Solo K, et al. Ventilation techniques and risk for transmission of coronavirus disease, including COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2020 May 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

685. Thomas R, Lotfi T, Morgano GP, et al. Update alert 2: ventilation techniques and risk for transmission of coronavirus disease, including COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

686. Mahase E. Covid-19: most patients require mechanical ventilation in first 24 hours of critical care. BMJ. 2020 Mar 24;368:m1201.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

687. Cummings MJ, Baldwin MR, Abrams D, et al. Epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of critically ill adults with COVID-19 in New York City: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2020 Jun 6;395(10239):1763-70.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

688. Richardson S, Hirsch JS, Narasimhan M, et al. Presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes among 5700 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area. JAMA. 2020 Apr 22;323(20):2052-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

689. Docherty AB, Harrison EM, Green CA, et al; medRxiv. Features of 16,749 hospitalised UK patients with COVID-19 using the ISARIC WHO Clinical Characterisation Protocol. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

690. Auld SC, Caridi-Scheible M, Blum JM, et al. ICU and ventilator mortality among critically ill adults with coronavirus disease 2019. Crit Care Med. 2020 May 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

691. NHS England. Clinical guide for the management of critical care for adults with COVID-19 during the coronavirus pandemic. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

692. Gattinoni L, Coppola S, Cressoni M, et al. Covid-19 does not lead to a "typical" acute respiratory distress syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 May 15;201(10):1299-300.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

693. Gattinoni L, Chiumello D, Rossi S. COVID-19 pneumonia: ARDS or not? Crit Care. 2020 Apr 16;24(1):154.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

694. Gattinoni L, Chiumello D, Caironi P, et al. COVID-19 pneumonia: different respiratory treatments for different phenotypes? Intensive Care Med. 2020 Apr 14 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

695. Marini JJ, Gattinoni L. Management of COVID-19 respiratory distress. JAMA. 2020 Apr 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

696. Rello J, Storti E, Belliato M, et al. Clinical phenotypes of SARS-CoV-2: implications for clinicians and researchers. Eur Respir J. 2020 Apr 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

697. Tsolaki V, Siempos I, Magira E, et al. PEEP levels in COVID-19 pneumonia. Crit Care. 2020 Jun 6;24(1):303.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

698. Bos LD, Paulus F, Vlaar APJ, et al. Subphenotyping ARDS in COVID-19 patients: consequences for ventilator management. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2020 May 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

699. Jain A, Doyle DJ. Stages or phenotypes? A critical look at COVID-19 pathophysiology. Intensive Care Med. 2020 May 18;:1-2.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

700. Rice TW, Janz DR. In defense of evidence-based medicine for the treatment of COVID-19 ARDS. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2020 Apr 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

701. Dondorp AM, Hayat M, Aryal D, et al. Respiratory support in novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients, with a focus on resource-limited settings. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 Apr 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

702. Carsetti A, Damia Paciarini A, Marini B, et al. Prolonged prone position ventilation for SARS-CoV-2 patients is feasible and effective. Crit Care. 2020 May 15;24(1):225.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

703. Pan C, Chen L, Lu C, et al. Lung recruitability in SARS-CoV-2 associated acute respiratory distress syndrome: a single-center, observational study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 May 15;201(10):1294-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

704. Sartini C, Tresoldi M, Scarpellini P, et al. Respiratory parameters in patients with COVID-19 after using noninvasive ventilation in the prone position outside the intensive care unit. JAMA. 2020 May 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

705. Elharrar X, Trigui Y, Dols AM, et al. Use of prone positioning in nonintubated patients with COVID-19 and hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. JAMA. 2020 May 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

706. American Thoracic Society. Diagnosis and management of COVID-19 disease. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

707. Ramanathan K, Antognini D, Combes A, et al. Planning and provision of ECMO services for severe ARDS during the COVID-19 pandemic and other outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 May;8(5):518-26.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

708. NHS England. Clinical guide for extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for respiratory failure in adults during the coronavirus pandemic. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

709. Schmidt M, Hajage D, Lebreton G, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome associated with COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Aug 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

710. Barbaro RP, MacLaren G, Boonstra PS, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in COVID-19: an international cohort study of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry. Lancet. 2020 Sep 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

711. Mustafa AK, Alexander PJ, Joshi DJ, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for patients with COVID-19 in severe respiratory failure. JAMA Surg. 2020 Aug 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

712. Sarfraz A, Sarfraz Z, Razzack AA, et al. Venous thromboembolism, corticosteroids and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2021 Jan-Dec;27:1076029621993573.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

713. Chen L, Jiang H, Zhao Y. Pregnancy with Covid-19: management considerations for care of severe and critically ill cases. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2020 Jul 4:e13299.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

714. Campbell KH, Tornatore JM, Lawrence KE, et al. Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among patients admitted for childbirth in Southern Connecticut. JAMA. 2020 May 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

715. Fassett MJ, Lurvey LD, Yasumura L, et al. Universal SARS-Cov-2 screening in women admitted for delivery in a large managed care organization. Am J Perinatol. 2020 Jul 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

716. Bianco A, Buckley AB, Overbey J, et al. Testing of patients and support persons for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection before scheduled deliveries. Obstet Gynecol. 2020 May 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

717. Sutton D, Fuchs K, D'Alton M, et al. Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 in women admitted for delivery. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 13 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

718. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

719. Favre G, Pomar L, Qi X, et al. Guidelines for pregnant women with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

720. Chen D, Yang H, Cao Y, et al. Expert consensus for managing pregnant women and neonates born to mothers with suspected or confirmed novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2020 May;149(2):130-6.摘要 external link opens in a new window

721. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in pregnancy: information for healthcare professionals. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

722. American Academy of Pediatrics. Management of infants born to mothers with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

723. Dumitriu D, Emeruwa UN, Hanft E, et al. Outcomes of neonates born to mothers with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection at a large medical center in New York City. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Oct 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

724. Ronchi A, Pietrasanta C, Zavattoni M, et al. Evaluation of rooming-in practice for neonates born to mothers with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in Italy. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Dec 7 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

725. World Health Organization. Breastfeeding and COVID-19: scientific brief. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

726. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluation and management considerations for neonates at risk for COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

727. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): care for breastfeeding women. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

728. Hewitt J, Carter B, Vilches-Moraga A, et al. The effect of frailty on survival in patients with COVID-19 (COPE): a multicentre, European, observational cohort study. Lancet Public Health. 2020 Jun 30 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

729. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management. 2019 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

730. Hsu CY, Ordoñez JD, Chertow GM, et al. The risk of acute renal failure in patients with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 2008 Jul;74(1):101-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

731. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: acute kidney injury in hospital. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

732. Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress. Taking care of patients during the coronavirus outbreak: a guide for psychiatrists. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

733. Shore JH, Schneck CD, Mishkind MC. Telepsychiatry and the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic-current and future outcomes of the rapid virtualization of psychiatric care. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 May 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

734. Hubley S, Lynch SB, Schneck C, et al. Review of key telepsychiatry outcomes. World J Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 22;6(2):269-82.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

735. Fritz Z, Slowther AM, Perkins GD. Resuscitation policy should focus on the patient, not the decision. BMJ. 2017 Feb 28;356:j813.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

736. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Decision making and mental capacity. 2018 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

737. Department of Health. Mental Capacity Act 2005 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

738. Social Care Institute for Excellence. Independent mental capacity advocate (IMCA). 2011 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

739. Global Initiative for Asthma. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

740. Global Initiative for Asthma. Recommendations for inhaled asthma controller medications. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

741. British Thoracic Society. Advice for healthcare professionals treating people with asthma (adults) in relation to COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

742. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. GOLD COVID-19 guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

743. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: community-based care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

744. Hasan SS, Capstick T, Zaidi STR, et al. Use of corticosteroids in asthma and COPD patients with or without COVID-19. Respir Med. 2020 Aug-Sep;170:106045.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

745. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Hartmann-Boyce J, Hobbs R. Inhaled steroids in asthma during the COVID-19 outbreak. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

746. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: severe asthma. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

747. Primary Care Respiratory Society. PCRS pragmatic guidance: diagnosing and managing asthma attacks and people with COPD presenting in crisis during the UK Covid 19 epidemic. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

748. British Thoracic Society; Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. British guideline on the management of asthma: a national clinical guideline. 2019 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

749. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

750. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in people with or at risk of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

751. American Heart Association; Heart Failure Society of America; American College of Cardiology. Patients taking ACE-i and ARBs who contract COVID-19 should continue treatment, unless otherwise advised by their physician. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

752. European Society of Cardiology Council on Hypertension. Position statement of the ESC Council on Hypertension on ACE-inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

753. British Cardiovascular Society; British Society for Heart Failure. BSH & BCS joint statement on ACEi or ARB in relation to COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

754. The Renal Association. The Renal Association, UK position statement on COVID-19 and ACE inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker use. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

755. Clark AL, Kalra PR, Petrie MC, et al. Change in renal function associated with drug treatment in heart failure: national guidance. Heart. 2019 Jun;105(12):904-10.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

756. European Society of Endocrinology. COVID-19 and endocrine diseases: a statement from the European Society of Endocrinology. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

757. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Hartmann-Boyce J, Morris E, Goyder C, et al. Managing diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

758. American Diabetes Association. COVID-19: If you do get sick, know what to do. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

759. Trend Diabetes. Trend releases updated sick-day rules leaflets. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

760. Primary Care Diabetes Society. How to advise on sick day rules. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

761. NHS England. Diabetes COVID-19 key information: sick day rules. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

762. International Diabetes Federation Europe. How to manage diabetes during an illness. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

763. Diabetes Australia; Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Diabetes management during the coronavirus pandemic: be proactive and prepared. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

764. National Inpatient Diabetes COVID-19 Response Group. Concise advice on inpatient diabetes during COVID-19: front door guidance. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

765. Hartmann-Boyce J, Morris E, Goyder C, et al. Diabetes and COVID-19: risks, management, and learnings from other national disasters. Diabetes Care. 2020 Aug;43(8):1695-703.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

766. Peters AL, Buschur EO, Buse JB, et al. Euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis: a potential complication of treatment with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibition. Diabetes Care. 2015 Sep;38(9):1687-93.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

767. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. SGLT2 inhibitors: updated advice on the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis. 2016 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

768. Trend Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes: what to do when you’re ill. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

769. NHS London Clinical Networks. Sick day rules: how to manage type 2 diabetes if you become unwell with coronavirus and what to do with your medication. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

770. Bornstein SR, Rubino F, Khunti K, et al. Practical recommendations for the management of diabetes in patients with COVID-19. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Jun;8(6):546-50.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

771. Verbrugge FH, Grieten L, Mullens W. Management of the cardiorenal syndrome in decompensated heart failure. Cardiorenal Med. 2014 Dec;4(3-4):176-88.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

772. Grau AJ, Urbanek C, Palm F. Common infections and the risk of stroke. Nat Rev Neurol. 2010 Dec;6(12):681-94.摘要 external link opens in a new window

773. Eigenbrodt ML, Rose KM, Couper DJ, et al. Orthostatic hypotension as a risk factor for stroke: the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study, 1987-1996. Stroke. 2000 Oct;31(10):2307-13.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

774. Winstein CJ, Stein J, Arena R, et al. Guidelines for adult stroke rehabilitation and recovery: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2016 Jun;47(6):e98-169.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

775. Pendlebury ST, Klaus SP, Mather M, et al. Routine cognitive screening in older patients admitted to acute medicine: abbreviated mental test score (AMTS) and subjective memory complaint versus Montreal Cognitive Assessment and IQCODE. Age Ageing. 2015 Nov;44(6):1000-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

776. Hodkinson HM. Evaluation of a mental test score for assessment of mental impairment in the elderly. Age Ageing. 1972 Nov;1(4):233-8.摘要 external link opens in a new window

777. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Delirium: prevention, diagnosis and management. 2019 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

778. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Dementia: assessment, management and support for people living with dementia and their carers. 2018 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

779. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Risk reduction and management of delirium: a national clinical guideline. 2019 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

780. Nova Scotia Health Authority. This is not my Mom. 2012 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

781. Inouye SK, Schlesinger MJ, Lydon TJ. Delirium: a symptom of how hospital care is failing older persons and a window to improve quality of hospital care. Am J Med. 1999 May;106(5):565-73.摘要 external link opens in a new window

782. Bellelli G, Morandi A, Davis DH, et al. Validation of the 4AT, a new instrument for rapid delirium screening: a study in 234 hospitalised older people. Age Ageing. 2014 Jul;43(4):496-502.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

783. MacLullich AM, Shenkin SD, Goodacre S, et al. The 4 'A's test for detecting delirium in acute medical patients: a diagnostic accuracy study. Health Technol Assess. 2019 Aug;23(40):1-194.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

784. Public Health England. Coronavirus (COVID-19): admission and care of people in care homes. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

785. British Geriatrics Society. Coronavirus: managing delirium in confirmed and suspected cases. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

786. Ma H, Huang Y, Cong Z, et al. The efficacy and safety of atypical antipsychotics for the treatment of dementia: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014;42(3):915-37.摘要 external link opens in a new window

787. Huybrechts KF, Gerhard T, Crystal S, et al. Differential risk of death in older residents in nursing homes prescribed specific antipsychotic drugs: population based cohort study. BMJ. 2012 Feb 23;344:e977.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

788. Van Leeuwen E, Petrovic M, van Driel ML, et al. Withdrawal versus continuation of long-term antipsychotic drug use for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Mar 30;(3):CD007726.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

789. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clinical questions about COVID-19: questions and answers – patients with asthma. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

790. Global Initiative for Asthma. COVID-19: GINA answers to frequently asked questions on asthma management. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

791. American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care in the hospital: standards of medical care in diabetes - 2020. Diabetes Care. 2020 Jan;43(suppl 1):S193-202.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

792. Joint British Diabetes Societies for inpatient care. The use of variable rate intravenous insulin infusion (VRIII) in medical inpatients. 2014 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

793. National Inpatient Diabetes COVID-19 Response Group. Concise advice on inpatient diabetes during COVID-19 (COVID:Diabetes): guidance for managing inpatient hyperglycaemia. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

794. Rehman A, Setter SM, Vue MH. Drug-induced glucose alterations part 2: drug-induced hyperglycemia. Diabetes Spect. 2011 Nov;24(4):234-8.全文 external link opens in a new window

795. National Inpatient Diabetes COVID-19 Response Group. Concise advice on inpatient diabetes during COVID-19 (COVID:Diabetes): guideline for managing DKA using subcutaneous insulin. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

796. NHS Digital. National Diabetes Inpatient Audit (NaDIA) - 2017. 2018 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

797. Joint British Diabetes Societies for inpatient care. The hospital management of hypoglycaemia in adults with diabetes mellitus. 4th ed. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

798. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Diabetic foot problems: prevention and management. 2019 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

799. Rayman G, Vas PR, Baker N, et al. The Ipswich Touch Test: a simple and novel method to identify inpatients with diabetes at risk of foot ulceration. Diabetes Care. 2011 Jul;34(7):1517-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

800. Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Sep;16(9):606-13.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

801. Rogers JP, Chesney E, Oliver D, et al. Psychiatric and neuropsychiatric presentations associated with severe coronavirus infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis with comparison to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020 Jul;7(7):611-27.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

802. National Institute for Health Research. High rates of delirium, persistent fatigue and post-traumatic stress disorder were common after severe infection in previous coronavirus outbreaks. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

803. Boden JM, Fergusson DM. Alcohol and depression. Addiction. 2011 May;106(5):906-14.摘要 external link opens in a new window

804. Cleare A, Pariante CM, Young AH, et al. Evidence-based guidelines for treating depressive disorders with antidepressants: a revision of the 2008 British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines. J Psychopharmacol. 2015 May;29(5):459-525.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

805. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Depression in adults with a chronic physical health problem: recognition and management. 2009 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

806. Taylor DM, Barnes TRE, Young AH. The Maudsley prescribing guidelines in psychiatry. 13th edition. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell; 2018.

807. Flowers L. Nicotine replacement therapy. Am J Psychiatry Resid J. 2016 Jun;11(6):4-7.全文 external link opens in a new window

808. Desai HD, Seabolt J, Jann MW. Smoking in patients receiving psychotropic medications: a pharmacokinetic perspective. CNS Drugs. 2001;15(6):469-94.摘要 external link opens in a new window

809. Oliveira P, Ribeiro J, Donato H, et al. Smoking and antidepressants pharmacokinetics: a systematic review. Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2017 Mar 6;16:17.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

810. National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training. Smoking cessation and mental health: a briefing for front-line staff. 2014 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

811. Boyer EW, Shannon M. The serotonin syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 17;352(11):1112-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

812. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Liaison psychiatry. In: Emergency acute medical care in over 16s: service delivery and organisation. 2018 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

813. National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death. Treat as one: bridging the gap between mental and physical healthcare in general hospitals. 2017 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

814. DiMatteo MR, Lepper HS, Croghan TW. Depression is a risk factor for noncompliance with medical treatment: meta-analysis of the effects of anxiety and depression on patient adherence. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jul 24;160(14):2101-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

815. Prina AM, Cosco TD, Dening T, et al. The association between depressive symptoms in the community, non-psychiatric hospital admission and hospital outcomes: a systematic review. J Psychosom Res. 2015 Jan;78(1):25-33.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

816. Clarke DM, Currie KC. Depression, anxiety and their relationship with chronic diseases: a review of the epidemiology, risk and treatment evidence. Med J Aust. 2009 Apr 6;190(s7):S54-60.摘要 external link opens in a new window

817. World Health Organization. Excess mortality in persons with severe mental disorders. 2016 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

818. Patanavanich R, Glantz SA. Smoking is associated with COVID-19 progression: a meta-analysis. Nicotine Tob Res. 2020 Aug 24;22(9):1653-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

819. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Smoking: acute, maternity and mental health services. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

820. O'Driscoll BR, Howard LS, Earis J, et al. BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings. Thorax. 2017 Jun;72(suppl 1):ii1-90.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

821. British Thoracic Society. BTS guidance: respiratory support of patients on medical wards. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

822. Chu DK, Kim LH, Young PJ, et al. Mortality and morbidity in acutely ill adults treated with liberal versus conservative oxygen therapy (IOTA): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2018 Apr 28;391(10131):1693-705.摘要 external link opens in a new window

823. Siemieniuk RAC, Chu DK, Kim LH, et al. Oxygen therapy for acutely ill medical patients: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2018 Oct 24;363:k4169.摘要 external link opens in a new window

824. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital. 2017 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

825. Chowdhury TA, Cheston H, Claydon A. Managing adults with diabetes in hospital during an acute illness. BMJ. 2017 Jun 22;357:j2551.摘要 external link opens in a new window

826. Karslioglu French E, Donihi AC, Korytkowski MT. Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome: review of acute decompensated diabetes in adult patients. BMJ. 2019 May 29;365:l1114.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

827. National Inpatient Diabetes COVID-19 Response Group. Concise advice on inpatient diabetes during COVID-19 (COVID:Diabetes): dexamethasone therapy in covid-19 patients – implications and guidance for the management of blood glucose in people with and without diabetes. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

828. Joint British Diabetes Societies for inpatient care. Management of hyperglycaemia and steroid (glucocorticosteroid) therapy. 2014 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

829. Judd LL, Schettler PJ, Brown ES, et al. Adverse consequences of glucocorticoid medication: psychological, cognitive, and behavioral effects. Am J Psychiatry. 2014 Oct;171(10):1045-51.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

830. Kenna HA, Poon AW, de los Angeles CP, et al. Psychiatric complications of treatment with corticosteroids: review with case report. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2011 Oct;65(6):549-60.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

831. Warrington TP, Bostwick JM. Psychiatric adverse effects of corticosteroids. Mayo Clin Proc. 2006 Oct;81(10):1361-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

832. Fardet L, Nazareth I, Whitaker HJ, et al. Severe neuropsychiatric outcomes following discontinuation of long-term glucocorticoid therapy: a cohort study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013 Apr;74(4):e281-6.摘要 external link opens in a new window

833. Greenhalgh T, Knight M, A’Court C, et al. Management of post-acute covid-19 in primary care. BMJ. 2020 Aug 11;370:m3026.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

834. British Geriatrics Society. COVID-19: rehabilitation of older people. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

835. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. 2016 ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2016 Jul 14;37(27):2129-200.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

836. Freeman R, Wieling W, Axelrod FB, et al. Consensus statement on the definition of orthostatic hypotension, neurally mediated syncope and the postural tachycardia syndrome. Clin Auton Res. 2011 Apr;21(2):69-72.摘要 external link opens in a new window

837. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Interleukin-6 inhibitors (tocilizumab or sarilumab) for hospitalised patients with COVID-19 pneumonia (adults). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

838. RECOVERY Collaborative Group; Horby PW, Pessoa-Amorim G, Peto L,et al; medRxiv. Tocilizumab in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 (RECOVERY): preliminary results of a randomised, controlled, open-label, platform trial. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

839. REMAP-CAP Investigators; Gordon AC, Mouncey PR, Al-Beidh F, et al. Interleukin-6 receptor antagonists in critically ill patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

840. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: tocilizumab for COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

841. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: sarilumab for COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

842. Khan FA, Stewart I, Fabbri L, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of anakinra, sarilumab, siltuximab and tocilizumab for COVID-19. Thorax. 2021 Feb 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

843. Genentech. Genentech’s phase III EMPACTA study showed Actemra reduced the likelihood of needing mechanical ventilation in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 associated pneumonia. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

844. Rosas IO, Bräu N, Waters M, et al. Tocilizumab in hospitalized patients with severe Covid-19 pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

845. Gupta S, Wang W, Hayek SS, et al. Association between early treatment with tocilizumab and mortality among critically ill patients with COVID-19. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

846. Salvarani C, Dolci G, Massari M, et al. Effect of tocilizumab vs standard care on clinical worsening in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 pneumonia: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

847. Hermine O, Mariette X, Tharaux PL, et al. Effect of tocilizumab vs usual care in adults hospitalized with COVID-19 and moderate or severe pneumonia: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

848. Stone JH, Frigault MJ, Serling-Boyd NJ, et al. Efficacy of tocilizumab in patients hospitalized with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

849. Salama C, Han J, Yau L, et al. Tocilizumab in patients hospitalized with Covid-19 pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jan 7;384(1):20-30.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

850. Veiga VC, Prats JAGG, Farias DLC, et al. Effect of tocilizumab on clinical outcomes at 15 days in patients with severe or critical coronavirus disease 2019: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2021 Jan 20;372:n84.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

851. Soin AS, Kumar K, Choudhary NS, et al. Tocilizumab plus standard care versus standard care in patients in India with moderate to severe COVID-19-associated cytokine release syndrome (COVINTOC): an open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Mar 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

852. Lescure FX, Honda H, Fowler RA, et al. Sarilumab in patients admitted to hospital with severe or critical COVID-19: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Mar 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

853. Rubin EJ, Longo DL, Baden LR. Interleukin-6 receptor inhibition in Covid-19: cooling the inflammatory soup. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

854. European Medicines Agency. Veklury. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

855. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA approves first treatment for COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

856. WHO Solidarity Trial Consortium., Pan H, Peto R, et al. Repurposed antiviral drugs for Covid-19: interim WHO Solidarity trial results. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

857. US Food and Drug Administration. Coronavirus (COVID-19) update: FDA authorizes monoclonal antibodies for treatment of COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

858. European Medicines Agency. EMA issues advice on use of REGN-COV2 antibody combination (casirivimab/imdevimab). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

859. Weinreich DM, Sivapalasingam S, Norton T, et al. REGN-COV2, a neutralizing antibody cocktail, in outpatients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

860. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. REGN-COV2 independent data monitoring committee recommends holding enrollment in hospitalized patients with high oxygen requirements and continuing enrollment in patients with low or no oxygen requirements. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

861. Wang P, Liu L, Iketani S, et al. Increased resistance of SARS-CoV-2 variants B.1.351 and B.1.1.7 to antibody neutralization. bioRxiv. 2021 Jan 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

862. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Regeneron reports positive interim data with REGEN-COV™ antibody cocktail used as passive vaccine to prevent COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

863. US Food and Drug Administration. Coronavirus (COVID-19) update: FDA authorizes monoclonal antibody for treatment of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

864. European Medicines Agency. EMA issues advice on use of antibody combination (bamlanivimab / etesevimab). 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

865. Eli Lilly and Company. Lilly statement regarding NIH’s ACTIV-3 clinical trial. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

866. ACTIV-3/TICO LY-CoV555 Study Group; Lundgren JD, Grund B, Barkauskas CE, et al. A neutralizing monoclonal antibody for hospitalized patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

867. Gottlieb RL, Nirula A, Chen P, et al. Effect of bamlanivimab as monotherapy or in combination with etesevimab on viral load in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2021 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

868. Eli Lilly and Company. Lilly's neutralizing antibody bamlanivimab (LY-CoV555) prevented COVID-19 at nursing homes in the BLAZE-2 trial, reducing risk by up to 80 percent for residents. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

869. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA in brief: FDA updates emergency use authorization for COVID-19 convalescent plasma to reflect new data. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

870. Joyner MJ, Senefeld JW, Klassen SA, et al; medRxiv. Effect of convalescent plasma on mortality among hospitalized patients with COVID-19: initial three-month experience. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

871. Janiaud P, Axfors C, Schmitt AM, et al. Association of convalescent plasma treatment with clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2021 Feb 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

872. Libster R, Pérez Marc G, Wappner D, et al. Early high-titer plasma therapy to prevent severe Covid-19 in older adults. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jan 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

873. Chai KL, Valk SJ, Piechotta V, et al. Convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin for people with COVID-19: a living systematic review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Oct 12;10:CD013600.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

874. Nuffield Department of Population Health. RECOVERY trial closes recruitment to convalescent plasma treatment for patients hospitalised with COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

875. National Institutes of Health. NIH halts trial of COVID-19 convalescent plasma in emergency department patients with mild symptoms. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

876. US Food and Drug Administration. Coronavirus (COVID-19) update: FDA authorizes drug combination for treatment of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

877. Kalil AC, Patterson TF, Mehta AK, et al. Baricitinib plus remdesivir for hospitalized adults with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

878. Caly L, Druce JD, Catton MG, et al. The FDA-approved drug ivermectin inhibits the replication of SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. Antiviral Res. 2020 Jun;178:104787.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

879. Padhy BM, Mohanty RR, Das S, et al. Therapeutic potential of ivermectin as add on treatment in COVID 19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2020;23:462-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

880. López-Medina E, López P, Hurtado IC, et al. Effect of ivermectin on time to resolution of symptoms among adults with mild COVID-19: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2021 Mar 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

881. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID 19 rapid evidence summary: anakinra for COVID-19 associated secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

882. Cavalli G, De Luca G, Campochiaro C, et al. Interleukin-1 blockade with high-dose anakinra in patients with COVID-19, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and hyperinflammation: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Rheumatol. 2020 Jun;2(6):e325-31.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

883. Cavalli G, Larcher A, Tomelleri A, et al. Interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 inhibition compared with standard management in patients with COVID-19 and hyperinflammation: a cohort study. Lancet Rheumatol. 2021 Feb 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

884. Huet T, Beaussier H, Voisin O, et al. Anakinra for severe forms of COVID-19: a cohort study. Lancet Rheumatol. 2020 Jul;2(7):e393-400.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

885. Navarro-Millán I, Sattui SE, Lakhanpal A, et al. Use of anakinra to prevent mechanical ventilation in severe COVID-19: a case series. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020 Jun 30 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

886. ClinicalTrials.gov. Anakinra for COVID-19 respiratory symptoms (ANACONDA). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

887. CORIMUNO-19 Collaborative group. Effect of anakinra versus usual care in adults in hospital with COVID-19 and mild-to-moderate pneumonia (CORIMUNO-ANA-1): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

888. Celltrion Healthcare. Celltrion’s COVID-19 treatment candidate receives Korean MFDS conditional marketing authorisation. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

889. Celltrion Healthcare. Celltrion develops tailored neutralising antibody cocktail treatment with CT-P59 to tackle COVID-19 variant spread using its antibody development plat. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

890. Xie Y, Cao S, Li Q, et al. Effect of regular intravenous immunoglobulin therapy on prognosis of severe pneumonia in patients with COVID-19. J Infect. 2020 Apr 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

891. Zhang J, Yang Y, Yang N, et al. Effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin for children with severe COVID-19: a rapid review. Ann Transl Med. 2020 May;8(10):625.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

892. ClinicalTrials.gov. Mesenchymal stem cell treatment for pneumonia patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

893. Mesoblast Limited. Mesoblast update on COVID-19 ARDS trial. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

894. Monk PD, Marsden RJ, Tear VJ, et al. Safety and efficacy of inhaled nebulised interferon beta-1a (SNG001) for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Nov 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

895. ClinicalTrials.gov. Interferon lambda for immediate antiviral therapy at diagnosis in COVID-19 (ILIAD). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

896. Eiger BioPharmaceuticals. Eiger BioPharmaceuticals announces positive results of investigator sponsored randomized controlled trial at University of Toronto with peginterferon lambda in outpatients with mild to moderate COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

897. Grant WB, Lahore H, McDonnell SL, et al. Evidence that vitamin D supplementation could reduce risk of influenza and COVID-19 infections and deaths. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

898. McCartney DM, Byrne DG. Optimisation of vitamin D status for enhanced immuno-protection against Covid-19. Ir Med J. 2020 Apr 3;113(4):58.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

899. Jakovac H. COVID-19 and vitamin D: is there a link and an opportunity for intervention? Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2020 May 1;318(5):E589.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

900. Jolliffe DA, Camargo CA, Sluyter JD, et al. Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of aggregate data from randomised controlled trials. medRxiv. 2020 Nov 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

901. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: vitamin D. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

902. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Lee J, van Hecke O, Roberts N. Vitamin D: a rapid review of the evidence for treatment or prevention in COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

903. Shah K, Saxena D, Mavalankar D. Vitamin D supplementation, COVID-19 & disease severity: a meta-analysis. QJM. 2021 Jan 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

904. Castillo ME, Entrenas Costa LM, Vaquero Barrios JM, et al. Effect of calcifediol treatment and best available therapy versus best available therapy on intensive care unit admission and mortality among patients hospitalized for COVID-19: a pilot randomized clinical study. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2020 Aug 29;105751.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

905. Boretti A, Banik BK. Intravenous vitamin C for reduction of cytokines storm in acute respiratory distress syndrome. PharmaNutrition. 2020 Apr 21:100190.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

906. ClinicalTrials.gov. Vitamin C infusion for the treatment of severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

907. Baladia E, Pizarro AB, Ortiz-Muñoz L, et al. Vitamin C for COVID-19: a living systematic review. Medwave. 2020 Jul 28;20(6):e7978.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

908. Zhang J, Rao X, Li Y; Research Square. Pilot trial of high-dose vitamin C in critically ill COVID-19 patients. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

909. Reyes AZ, Hu KA, Teperman J, et al. Anti-inflammatory therapy for COVID-19 infection: the case for colchicine. Ann Rheum Dis. 2020 Dec 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

910. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Colchicine in the management of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV 2) positive patients: trial use only. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

911. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Ferner RE, Sofat R, Aronson JK. Drug vignettes: colchicine. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

912. Nuffield Department of Population Health. RECOVERY trial closes recruitment to colchicine treatment for patients hospitalised with COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

913. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. COVID-19 therapeutic alert: antimicrobials (azithromycin and doxycycline) not beneficial in the management of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

914. RECOVERY Collaborative Group. Azithromycin in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 (RECOVERY): a randomised, controlled, open-label, platform trial. Lancet. 2021 Feb 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

915. University of Oxford. PRINCIPLE trial. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

916. PRINCIPLE Trial Collaborative Group. Azithromycin for community treatment of suspected COVID-19 in people at increased risk of an adverse clinical course in the UK (PRINCIPLE): a randomised, controlled, open-label, adaptive platform trial. Lancet. 2021 Mar 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

917. RECOVERY Collaborative Group. Lopinavir-ritonavir in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 (RECOVERY): a randomised, controlled, open-label, platform trial. Lancet. 2020 Oct 5;:.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

918. Alhumaid S, Mutair AA, Alawi ZA, et al. Efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir for treatment of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 28;5(4):E180.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

919. Wang M, Cao R, Zhang L, et al. Remdesivir and chloroquine effectively inhibit the recently emerged novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in vitro. Cell Res. 2020 Mar;30(3):269-71.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

920. Cortegiani A, Ingoglia G, Ippolito M, et al. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of chloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19. J Crit Care. 2020 Jun;57:279-83.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

921. World Health Organization. WHO living guideline: drugs to prevent COVID-19 - interim guidance. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

922. Lamontagne F, Agoritsas T, Siemieniuk R, et al. A living WHO guideline on drugs to prevent covid-19. BMJ. 2021 Mar 1;372:n526.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

923. Singh B, Ryan H, Kredo T, et al. Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine for prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Feb 12;(2):CD013587.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

924. Hernandez AV, Roman YM, Pasupuleti V, et al. Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine for treatment or prophylaxis of COVID-19: a living systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 May 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

925. Hernandez AV, Roman YM, Pasupuleti V, et al. Update alert 3: hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine for the treatment or prophylaxis of COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

926. RECOVERY Collaborative Group; Horby P, Mafham M, Linsell L, et al. Effect of hydroxychloroquine in hospitalized patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Oct 8 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

927. Ruan Q, Yang K, Wang W, et al. Clinical predictors of mortality due to COVID-19 based on an analysis of data of 150 patients from Wuhan, China. Intensive Care Med. 2020 May;46(5):846-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

928. Hasan SS, Capstick T, Ahmed R, et al. Mortality in COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and corticosteroids use: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020 Jul 31 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

929. de la Calle C, Lalueza A, Mancheño-Losa M, et al. Impact of viral load at admission on the development of respiratory failure in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 7 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

930. Ioannidis JPA, Axfors C, Contopoulos-Ioannidis DG. Population-level COVID-19 mortality risk for non-elderly individuals overall and for non-elderly individuals without underlying diseases in pandemic epicenters. Environ Res. 2020 Sep;188:109890.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

931. Asch DA, Sheils NE, Islam MN, et al. Variation in US hospital mortality rates for patients admitted with COVID-19 during the first 6 months of the pandemic. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Dec 22 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

932. Nguyen NT, Chinn J, Nahmias J, et al. Outcomes and mortality among adults hospitalized with COVID-19 at US medical centers. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e210417.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

933. Anesi GL, Jablonski J, Harhay MO, et al. Characteristics, outcomes, and trends of patients with COVID-19-related critical illness at a learning health system in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jan 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

934. Navaratnam AV, Gray WK, Day J, et al. Patient factors and temporal trends associated with COVID-19 in-hospital mortality in England: an observational study using administrative data. Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

935. Ioannidis JPA. Global perspective of COVID-19 epidemiology for a full-cycle pandemic. Eur J Clin Invest. 2020 Oct 7:e13421.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

936. Meyerowitz-Katz G, Merone L. A systematic review and meta-analysis of published research data on COVID-19 infection-fatality rates. Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Sep 29 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

937. Rajgor DD, Lee MH, Archuleta S, et al. The many estimates of the COVID-19 case fatality rate. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jul;20(7):776-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

938. Rostami A, Sepidarkish M, Leeflang MMG, et al. SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020 Oct 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

939. Department of Health and Social Care. UK Biobank COVID-19 antibody study: round 1 results. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

940. Bajema KL, Wiegand RE, Cuffe K, et al. Estimated SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the US as of September 2020. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Nov 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

941. Xu X, Sun J, Nie S, et al. Seroprevalence of immunoglobulin M and G antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in China. Nat Med. 2020 Jun 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

942. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) weekly epidemiological updates. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

943. Verity R, Okell LC, Dorigatti I, et al. Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;20(6):669-77.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

944. Sorbello M, El-Boghdadly K, Di Giacinto I, et al. The Italian COVID-19 outbreak: experiences and recommendations from clinical practice. Anaesthesia. 2020 Jun;75(6):724-32.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

945. Bixler D, Miller AD, Mattison CP, et al. SARS-CoV-2–associated deaths among persons aged <21 years: United States, February 12–July 31, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Sep 18;69(37):1324-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

946. Grasselli G, Zangrillo A, Zanella A, et al. Baseline characteristics and outcomes of 1591 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 admitted to ICUs of the Lombardy Region, Italy. JAMA. 2020 Apr 6;323(16):1574-81.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

947. Arentz M, Yim E, Klaff L, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of 21 critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Washington State. JAMA. 2020 Mar 19;323(16):1612-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

948. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Oke J, Heneghan C. Global COVID-19 case fatality rates. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

949. Mahase E. Covid-19: the problems with case counting. BMJ. 2020 Sep 3;370:m3374.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

950. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Spencer E, Jefferson T, Brassey J, et al. When is Covid, Covid? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

951. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Oke J, Heneghan C. Reconciling COVID-19 death data in the UK. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

952. Onder G, Rezza G, Brusaferro S. Case-fatality rate and characteristics of patients dying in relation to COVID-19 in Italy. JAMA. 2020 Mar 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

953. Bilinski A, Emanuel EJ. COVID-19 and excess all-cause mortality in the US and 18 comparison countries. JAMA. 2020 Oct 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

954. Izcovich A, Ragusa MA, Tortosa F, et al. Prognostic factors for severity and mortality in patients infected with COVID-19: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2020;15(11):e0241955.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

955. Booth A, Reed AB, Ponzo S, et al. Population risk factors for severe disease and mortality in COVID-19: a global systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2021 Mar 4;16(3):e0247461.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

956. Javanmardi F, Keshavarzi A, Akbari A, et al. Prevalence of underlying diseases in died cases of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2020 Oct 23;15(10):e0241265.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

957. Santus P, Radovanovic D, Saderi L, et al. Severity of respiratory failure at admission and in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19: a prospective observational multicentre study. BMJ Open. 2020 Oct 10;10(10):e043651.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

958. Lim ZJ, Subramaniam A, Reddy MP, et al. Case fatality rates for COVID-19 patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation: a meta-analysis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Oct 29 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

959. Lavery AM, Preston LE, Ko JY, et al. Characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients discharged and experiencing same-hospital readmission: United States, March–August 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Nov 13;69(45):1695-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

960. Mattiuzzi C, Henry BM, Sanchis-Gomar F, et al. SARS-CoV-2 recurrent RNA positivity after recovering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a meta-analysis. Acta Biomed. 2020 Sep 7;91(3):e2020014.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

961. Azam M, Sulistiana R, Ratnawati M, et al. Recurrent SARS-CoV-2 RNA positivity after COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 26;10(1):20692.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

962. SeyedAlinaghi S, Oliaei S, Kianzad S, et al. Reinfection risk of novel coronavirus (COVID-19): a systematic ‎review of current evidence. World J Virol. 2020 Dec 15;9(5):79-90.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

963. Arafkas M, Khosrawipour T, Kocbach P, et al. Current meta-analysis does not support the possibility of COVID-19 reinfections. J Med Virol. 2020 Sep 8 [Epub ahead of print].摘要 external link opens in a new window

964. Vibholm LK, Nielsen SS, Pahus MH, et al. SARS-CoV-2 persistence is associated with antigen-specific CD8 T-cell responses. EBioMedicine. 2021 Jan 30;64:103230.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

965. Parry J. Covid-19: Hong Kong scientists report first confirmed case of reinfection. BMJ. 2020 Aug 26;370:m3340.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

966. Gupta V, Bhoyar RC, Jain A, et al. Asymptomatic reinfection in two healthcare workers from India with genetically distinct SARS-CoV-2. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Sep 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

967. Van Elslande J, Vermeersch P, Vandervoort K, et al. Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 reinfection by a phylogenetically distinct strain. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Sep 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

968. Prado-Vivar B, Becerra-Wong M, Guadalupe JJ, et al. A case of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection in Ecuador. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

969. Larson D, Brodniak SL, Voegtly LJ, et al. A case of early re-infection with SARS-CoV-2. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Sep 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

970. Tillett RL, Sevinsky JR, Hartley PD, et al. Genomic evidence for reinfection with SARS-CoV-2: a case study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Oct 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

971. Zucman N, Uhel F, Descamps D, et al. Severe reinfection with South African SARS-CoV-2 variant 501Y.V2: a case report. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

972. Resende PC, Bezerra JF, de Vasconcelos RHT, et al. Spike E484K mutation in the first SARS-CoV-2 reinfection case confirmed in Brazil, 2020. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

973. Naveca F, da Costa C, Nascimento V, et al. SARS-CoV-2 reinfection by the new variant of concern (VOC) P.1 in Amazonas, Brazil. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

974. Nonaka, CKV, Franco MM, Gräf, T, et al. Genomic evidence of a Sars-Cov-2 reinfection case with E484K spike mutation in Brazil. Preprints. 2021 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window

975. Gudbjartsson DF, Norddahl GL, Melsted P, et al. Humoral immune response to SARS-CoV-2 in Iceland. N Engl J Med. 2020 Sep 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

976. Chandrashekar A, Liu J, Martinot AJ, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection protects against rechallenge in rhesus macaques. Science. 2020 May 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

977. Kirkcaldy RD, King BA, Brooks JT. COVID-19 and postinfection immunity: limited evidence, many remaining questions. JAMA. 2020 May 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

978. Ni L, Ye F, Cheng ML, et al. Detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific humoral and cellular immunity in COVID-19 convalescent individuals. Immunity. 2020 Jun 16;52(6):971-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

979. Post N, Eddy D, Huntley C, et al. Antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2020;15(12):e0244126.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

980. Public Health England. Past COVID-19 infection provides some immunity but people may still carry and transmit virus. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

981. Harvey RA, Rassen JA, Kabelac CA, et al. Association of SARS-CoV-2 seropositive antibody test with risk of future infection. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Feb 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

982. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Plüddemann A, Aronson JK. What is the role of T cells in COVID-19 infection? Why immunity is about more than antibodies. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

983. Dan JM, Mateus J, Kato Y, et al. Immunological memory to SARS-CoV-2 assessed for up to 8 months after infection. Science. 2021 Jan 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

984. Lumley SF, O'Donnell D, Stoesser NE, et al. Antibody status and incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in health care workers. N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

985. Stephens DS, McElrath MJ. COVID-19 and the path to immunity. JAMA. 2020 Sep 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

986. Shrotri M, van Schalkwyk MCI, Post N, et al. T cell response to SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2021;16(1):e0245532.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

987. Choe PG, Kim KH, Kang CK, et al. Antibody responses 8 months after asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 22;27(3).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

988. Wajnberg A, Mansour M, Leven E, et al. Humoral response and PCR positivity in patients with COVID-19 in the New York City region, USA: an observational study. Lancet Microbe. 2020 Sep 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

989. Wu F, Liu M, Wang A, et al. Evaluating the association of clinical characteristics with neutralizing antibody levels in patients who have recovered from mild COVID-19 in Shanghai, China. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Aug 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

990. Long QX, Tang XJ, Shi QL, et al. Clinical and immunological assessment of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections. Nat Med. 2020 Jun 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

991. Doshi P. Covid-19: do many people have pre-existing immunity? BMJ. 2020 Sep 17;370:m3563.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

992. Ng KW, Faulkner N, Cornish GH, et al. Preexisting and de novo humoral immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in humans. Science. 2020 Nov 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

993. Flannery DD, Gouma S, Dhudasia MB, et al. Assessment of maternal and neonatal cord blood SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and placental transfer ratios. JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Jan 29 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

994. Tarke A, Sidney J, Methot N, et al. Negligible impact of SARS-CoV-2 variants on CD4+ and CD8+ T cell reactivity in COVID-19 exposed donors and vaccinees. bioRxiv. 2021 Mar 1 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window

995. Tan BK, Mainbourg S, Friggeri A, et al. Arterial and venous thromboembolism in COVID-19: a study-level meta-analysis. Thorax. 2021 Feb 23 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

996. Wang C, Zhang H, Zhou M, et al. Prognosis of COVID-19 in patients with vein thrombosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020 Oct;24(19):10279-85.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

997. Ranucci M, Ballotta A, Di Dedda U, et al. The procoagulant pattern of patients with COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 Jul;18(7):1747-51.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

998. Bilaloglu S, Aphinyanaphongs Y, Jones S, et al. Thrombosis in hospitalized patients With COVID-19 in a New York City health system. JAMA. 2020 Jul 20 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

999. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Kernohan A, Calderon M. What are the risk factors and effectiveness of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1000. Levi M, Thachil J, Iba T, et al. Coagulation abnormalities and thrombosis in patients with COVID-19. Lancet Haematol. 2020 May 11;7(6):e438-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1001. American Society of Hematology. ASH guidelines on use of anticoagulation in patients with COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1002. Demelo-Rodríguez P, Cervilla-Muñoz E, Ordieres-Ortega L, et al. Incidence of asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and elevated D-dimer levels. Thromb Res. 2020 May 13;192:23-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1003. Wichmann D, Sperhake JP, Lütgehetmann M, et al. Autopsy findings and venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19: a prospective cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2020 May 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1004. Wang T, Chen R, Liu C, et al. Attention should be paid to venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in the management of COVID-19. Lancet Haematol. 2020 May;7(5):e362-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1005. Zhang Y, Xiao M, Zhang S, et al. Coagulopathy and antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 23;382(17):e38.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1006. Bowles L, Platton S, Yartey N, et al. Lupus anticoagulant and abnormal coagulation tests in patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jul 16;383(3):288-90.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1007. Galeano-Valle F, Oblitas CM, Ferreiro-Mazón MM, et al. Antiphospholipid antibodies are not elevated in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia and venous thromboembolism. Thromb Res. 2020 Aug;192:113-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1008. Xiao M, Zhang Y, Zhang S, et al. Brief report: anti-phospholipid antibodies in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020 Jun 30 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1009. Reyes Gil M, Barouqa M, Szymanski J, et al. Assessment of lupus anticoagulant positivity in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Aug 3;3(8):e2017539.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1010. van Nieuwkoop C. COVID-19 associated pulmonary thrombosis. Thromb Res. 2020 Jul;191:151.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1011. McGonagle D, O'Donnell JS, Sharif K, et al. Immune mechanisms of pulmonary intravascular coagulopathy in COVID-19 pneumonia. Lancet Rheumatol. 2020 Jul;2(7):e437-45.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1012. Belen-Apak FB, Sarıalioğlu F. Pulmonary intravascular coagulation in COVID-19: possible pathogenesis and recommendations on anticoagulant/thrombolytic therapy. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2020 Aug;50(2):278-80.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1013. Perini P, Nabulsi B, Massoni CB, et al. Acute limb ischaemia in two young, non-atherosclerotic patients with COVID-19. Lancet. 2020 May 16;395(10236):1546.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1014. Griffin DO, Jensen A, Khan M, et al. Arterial thromboembolic complications in COVID-19 in low-risk patients despite prophylaxis. Br J Haematol. 2020 Jul;190(1):e11-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1015. Lodigiani C, Iapichino G, Carenzo L, et al. Venous and arterial thromboembolic complications in COVID-19 patients admitted to an academic hospital in Milan, Italy. Thromb Res. 2020 Apr 23;191:9-14.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1016. Vulliamy P, Jacob S, Davenport RA. Acute aorto-iliac and mesenteric arterial thromboses as presenting features of COVID-19. Br J Haematol. 2020 Jun;189(6):1053-4.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1017. Hemasian H, Ansari B. First case of Covid-19 presented with cerebral venous thrombosis: a rare and dreaded case. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2020 Jun;176(6):521-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1018. Madjid M, Safavi-Naeini P, Solomon SD, et al. Potential effects of coronaviruses on the cardiovascular system: a review. JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Mar 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1019. Liu PP, Blet A, Smyth D, et al. The science underlying COVID-19: implications for the cardiovascular system. Circulation. 2020 Jul 7;142(1):68-78.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1020. Clerkin KJ, Fried JA, Raikhelkar J, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2020 May 19;141(20):1648-55.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1021. Hendren NS, Drazner MH, Bozkurt B, et al. Description and proposed management of the acute COVID-19 cardiovascular syndrome. Circulation. 2020 Jun 9;141(23):1903-14.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1022. Prasitlumkum N, Chokesuwattanaskul R, Thongprayoon C, et al. Incidence of myocardial injury in COVID-19-infected patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diseases. 2020 Oct 27;8(4):E40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1023. Bansal A, Kumar A, Patel D, et al. Meta-analysis comparing outcomes in patients with and without cardiac injury and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19). Am J Cardiol. 2020 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1024. Sabatino J, De Rosa S, Di Salvo G, et al. Impact of cardiovascular risk profile on COVID-19 outcome: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2020 Aug 14;15(8):e0237131.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1025. Creel-Bulos C, Hockstein M, Amin N, et al. Acute cor pulmonale in critically ill patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 May 21;382(21):e70.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1026. Zeng JH, Liu YX, Yuan J, et al. First case of COVID-19 complicated with fulminant myocarditis: a case report and insights. Infection. 2020 Apr 10;1-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1027. Inciardi RM, Lupi L, Zaccone G, et al. Cardiac involvement in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Mar 27;5(7):1-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1028. Hua A, O'Gallagher K, Sado D, et al. Life-threatening cardiac tamponade complicating myo-pericarditis in COVID-19. Eur Heart J. 2020 Jun 7;41(22):2130.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1029. Singh S, Desai R, Gandhi Z, et al. Takotsubo syndrome in patients with COVID-19: a systematic review of published cases. SN Compr Clin Med. 2020 Oct 6:1-7.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1030. Li X, Pan X, Li Y, et al. Cardiac injury associated with severe disease or ICU admission and death in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Crit Care. 2020 Jul 28;24(1):468.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1031. Shi S, Qin M, Shen B, et al. Association of cardiac injury with mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Mar 25;5(7):802-10.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1032. He XW, Lai JS, Cheng J, et al. Impact of complicated myocardial injury on the clinical outcome of severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 2020 Mar 15;48(0):E011.摘要 external link opens in a new window

1033. Santoso A, Pranata R, Wibowo A, et al. Cardiac injury is associated with mortality and critically ill pneumonia in COVID-19: a meta-analysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Apr 19 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1034. Inciardi RM, Adamo M, Lupi L, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 and cardiac disease in Northern Italy. Eur Heart J. 2020 May 14;41(19):1821-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1035. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: acute myocardial injury. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1036. Siripanthong B, Nazarian S, Muser D, et al. Recognizing COVID-19-related myocarditis: the possible pathophysiology and proposed guideline for diagnosis and management. Heart Rhythm. 2020 May 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1037. Xiong TY, Redwood S, Prendergast B, et al. Coronaviruses and the cardiovascular system: acute and long-term implications. Eur Heart J. 2020 May 14;41(19):1798-800.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1038. Puntmann VO, Carerj ML, Wieters I, et al. Outcomes of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in patients recently recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Jul 27 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1039. Lin L, Wang X, Ren J, et al. Risk factors and prognosis for COVID-19-induced acute kidney injury: a meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2020 Nov 10;10(11):e042573.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1040. Stewart DJ, Hartley JC, Johnson M, et al. Renal dysfunction in hospitalised children with COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Jun 15;4(8):e28-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1041. Farkash EA, Wilson AM, Jentzen JM. Ultrastructural evidence for direct renal infection with SARS-CoV-2. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2020 May 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1042. Nasr SH, Kopp JB. COVID-19-associated collapsing glomerulopathy: an emerging entity. Kidney Int Rep. 2020 May 4;5(6):759-61.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1043. Gross O, Moerer O, Weber M, et al. COVID-19-associated nephritis: early warning for disease severity and complications? Lancet. 2020 May 16;395(10236):e87-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1044. Li G, Yang Y, Gao D, et al. Is liver involvement overestimated in COVID-19 patients? A meta-analysis. Int J Med Sci. 2021;18(5):1285-96.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1045. Alqahtani SA, Schattenberg JM. Liver injury in COVID-19: the current evidence. United European Gastroenterol J. 2020 Jun;8(5):509-19.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1046. Wong GL, Wong VW, Thompson A, et al. Management of patients with liver derangement during the COVID-19 pandemic: an Asia-Pacific position statement. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Aug;5(8):776-87.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1047. Favas TT, Dev P, Chaurasia RN, et al. Neurological manifestations of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of proportions. Neurol Sci. 2020 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1048. Panda PK, Sharawat IK, Panda P, et al. Neurological complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Trop Pediatr. 2020 Sep 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1049. Restivo DA, Centonze D, Alesina A, et al. Myasthenia gravis associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Aug 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1050. Chua TH, Xu Z, King NKK. Neurological manifestations in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Inj. 2020 Oct 19:1-20.摘要 external link opens in a new window

1051. Yamakawa M, Kuno T, Mikami T, et al. Clinical characteristics of stroke with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2020 Aug 29;29(12):105288.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1052. Nannoni S, de Groot R, Bell S, et al. EXPRESS: stroke in COVID-19 – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Stroke. 2020 Oct 26 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1053. Valencia-Enciso N, Ortiz-Pereira M, Zafra-Sierra MP, et al. Time of stroke onset in coronavirus disease 2019 patients around the globe: a systematic review and analysis. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2020 Sep 18;29(12):105325.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1054. Ntaios G, Michel P, Georgiopoulos G, et al. Characteristics and outcomes in patients with COVID-19 and acute ischemic stroke: the global COVID-19 stroke registry. Stroke. 2020 Jul 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1055. Qureshi AI, Abd-Allah F, Alsenani F, et al. Management of acute ischemic stroke in patients with COVID-19 infection: report of an international panel. Int J Stroke. 2020 Jul;15(5):540-54.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1056. Abu-Rumeileh S, Abdelhak A, Foschi M, et al. Guillain-Barré syndrome spectrum associated with COVID-19: an up-to-date systematic review of 73 cases. J Neurol. 2020 Aug 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1057. Kubota T, Kuroda N. Exacerbation of neurological symptoms and COVID-19 severity in patients with preexisting neurological disorders and COVID-19: a systematic review. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2020 Nov 1;106349.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1058. Lu Y, Li X, Geng D, et al. Cerebral micro-structural changes in COVID-19 patients: an MRI-based 3-month follow-up study. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Aug;25:100484.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1059. LaRovere KL, Riggs BJ, Poussaint TY, et al. Neurologic involvement in children and adolescents hospitalized in the United States for COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome. JAMA Neurol. 2021 Mar 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1060. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing the long-term effects of COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1061. Willi S, Lüthold R, Hunt A, et al. COVID-19 sequelae in adults aged less than 50 years: a systematic review. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 22;40:101995.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1062. Carfì A, Bernabei R, Landi F, et al. Persistent symptoms in patients after acute COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Jul 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1063. Arnold DT, Hamilton FW, Milne A, et al. Patient outcomes after hospitalisation with COVID-19 and implications for follow-up: results from a prospective UK cohort. Thorax. 2020 Dec 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1064. Logue JK, Franko NM, McCulloch DJ, et al. Sequelae in adults at 6 months after COVID-19 infection. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Feb 1;4(2):e210830.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1065. Tenforde MW, Kim SS, Lindsell CJ, et al. Symptom duration and risk factors for delayed return to usual health among outpatients with COVID-19 in a multistate health care systems network: United States, March-June 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Jul 31;69(30):993-8.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1066. Stavem K, Ghanima W, Olsen MK, et al. Persistent symptoms 1.5-6 months after COVID-19 in non-hospitalised subjects: a population-based cohort study. Thorax. 2020 Dec 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1067. Ludvigsson JF. Case report and systematic review suggest that children may experience similar long-term effects to adults after clinical COVID-19. Acta Paediatr. 2020 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1068. Chopra V, Flanders SA, O'Malley M, et al. Sixty-day outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Nov 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1069. Mandal S, Barnett J, Brill SE, et al. ‘Long-COVID’: a cross-sectional study of persisting symptoms, biomarker and imaging abnormalities following hospitalisation for COVID-19. Thorax. 2020 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1070. Hayek SS, Brenner SK, Azam TU, et al. In-hospital cardiac arrest in critically ill patients with covid-19: multicenter cohort study. BMJ. 2020 Sep 30;371:m3513.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1071. Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Cardona-Ospina JA, Gutiérrez-Ocampo E, et al. Clinical, laboratory and imaging features of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 13:101623.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1072. Song JC, Wang G, Zhang W, et al. Chinese expert consensus on diagnosis and treatment of coagulation dysfunction in COVID-19. Mil Med Res. 2020 Apr 20;7(1):19.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1073. Zhou X, Cheng Z, Luo L, et al. Incidence and impact of disseminated intravascular coagulation in COVID-19 a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thromb Res. 2021 Feb 17;201:23-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1074. Connors JM, Levy JH. COVID-19 and its implications for thrombosis and anticoagulation. Blood. 2020 Jun 4;135(23):2033-40.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1075. Tang N, Bai H, Chen X, et al. Anticoagulant treatment is associated with decreased mortality in severe coronavirus disease 2019 patients with coagulopathy. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 May;18(5):1094-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1076. Ye Q, Wang B, Mao J. The pathogenesis and treatment of the `'cytokine storm' in COVID-19. J Infect. 2020 Jun;80(6):607-13.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1077. Wang Z, Yang B, Li Q, et al. Clinical features of 69 cases with coronavirus disease 2019 in Wuhan, China. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1078. Aziz M, Fatima R, Assaly R. Elevated interleukin-6 and severe COVID-19: a meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2020 Apr 28 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1079. Pedersen SF, Ho YC. SARS-CoV-2: a storm is raging. J Clin Invest. 2020 May 1;130(5):2202-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1080. Leisman DE, Ronner L, Pinotti R, et al. Cytokine elevation in severe and critical COVID-19: a rapid systematic review, meta-analysis, and comparison with other inflammatory syndromes. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Oct 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1081. Pain CE, Felsenstein S, Cleary G, et al. Novel paediatric presentation of COVID-19 with ARDS and cytokine storm syndrome without respiratory symptoms. Lancet Rheumatol. 2020 May 15;2(7):e376-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1082. Abrams JY, Godfred-Cato SE, Oster ME, et al. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review. J Pediatr. 2020 Aug 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1083. Godfred-Cato S, Bryant B, Leung J, et al. COVID-19–associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: United States, March–July 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Aug 14;69(32):1074-80.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1084. Jiang L, Tang K, Levin M, et al. COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Aug 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1085. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Guidance: paediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1086. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1087. Young TK, Shaw KS, Shah JK, et al. Mucocutaneous manifestations of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Dermatol. 2020 Dec 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1088. Zou H, Lu J, Liu J, et al. Characteristics of pediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome (PMIS) associated with COVID-19: a meta-analysis and insights into pathogenesis. Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 14 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1089. Yasuhara J, Watanabe K, Takagi H, et al. COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2021 Jan 11 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1090. Davies P, Evans C, Kanthimathinathan HK, et al. Intensive care admissions of children with paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS) in the UK: a multicentre observational study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Jul 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1091. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health department: reported cases of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) in the United States. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1092. Feldstein LR, Tenforde MW, Friedman KG, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of US children and adolescents with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) compared with severe acute COVID-19. JAMA. 2021 Feb 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1093. Valverde I, Singh Y, Sanchez-de-Toledo J, et al. Acute cardiovascular manifestations in 286 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19 infection in Europe. Circulation. 2020 Nov 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1094. Harwood R, Allin B, Jones CE, et al. A national consensus management pathway for paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS): results of a national Delphi process. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020 Sep 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1095. Henderson LA, Canna SW, Friedman KG, et al. American College of Rheumatology clinical guidance for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children associated with SARS-CoV-2 and hyperinflammation in pediatric COVID-19: version 2. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020 Dec 5 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1096. Shulman ST. Pediatric coronavirus disease-2019-associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2020 Jul 13;9(3):285-6.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1097. Carter MJ, Fish M, Jennings A, et al. Peripheral immunophenotypes in children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Nat Med. 2020 Aug 18 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1098. Kappanayil M, Balan S, Alawani S, et al. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in a neonate, temporally associated with prenatal exposure to SARS-CoV-2: a case report. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2021 Mar 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1099. Morris SB, Schwartz NG, Patel P, et al. Case series of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection: United Kingdom and United States, March–August 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Oct 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1100. Stowe J, Smith H, Thurland K, et al. Stillbirths during the COVID-19 pandemic in England, April-June 2020. JAMA. 2020 Dec 7 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1101. Dhir SK, Kumar J, Meena J, et al. Clinical features and outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in neonates: a systematic review. J Trop Pediatr. 2020 Aug 28 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1102. Koehler P, Cornely OA, Böttiger BW, et al. COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis. Mycoses. 2020 Jun;63(6):528-34.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1103. Blaize M, Mayaux J, Nabet C, et al. Fatal invasive aspergillosis and coronavirus disease in an immunocompetent patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 28;26(7).全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1104. van Arkel ALE, Rijpstra TA, Belderbos HNA, et al. COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 May 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1105. Alanio A, Dellière S, Fodil S, et al. Prevalence of putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in critically ill patients with COVID-19. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Jun;8(6):e48-9.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1106. Wang J, Yang Q, Zhang P, et al. Clinical characteristics of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang, China: a retrospective case series. Crit Care. 2020 Jun 5;24(1):299.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1107. Verweij PE, Gangneux JP, Bassetti M, et al. Diagnosing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis. Lancet Microbe. 2020 Jun;1(2):e53-5.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1108. Koehler P, Bassetti M, Chakrabarti A, et al. Defining and managing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis: the 2020 ECMM/ISHAM consensus criteria for research and clinical guidance. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 14 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1109. Wang F, Wang H, Fan J, et al. Pancreatic injury patterns in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Gastroenterology. 2020 Apr 1;159(1):367-70.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1110. Bruno G, Fabrizio C, Santoro CR, et al. Pancreatic injury in the course of coronavirus disease 2019: a not-so-rare occurrence. J Med Virol. 2020 Jun 4 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1111. McNabb-Baltar J, Jin DX, Grover AS, et al. Lipase elevation in patients with COVID-19. Am J Gastroenterol. 2020 Jun 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1112. Gubatan J, Levitte S, Patel A, et al. Prevalence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with a history of pancreatitis in Northern California. Gut. 2020 Jun 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1113. Lazarian G, Quinquenel A, Bellal M, et al. Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia associated with COVID-19 infection. Br J Haematol. 2020 Jul;190(1):29-31.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1114. Bhattacharjee S, Banerjee M. Immune thrombocytopenia secondary to COVID-19: a systematic review. SN Compr Clin Med. 2020 Sep 19:1-11.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1115. Muller I, Cannavaro D, Dazzi D, et al. SARS-CoV-2-related atypical thyroiditis. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Jul 30 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1116. Brancatella A, Ricci D, Viola N, et al. Subacute thyroiditis after SARS-CoV-2 infection. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Jul 1;105(7):dgaa276.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1117. El Moheb M, Naar L, Christensen MA, et al. Gastrointestinal complications in critically ill patients with and without COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Sep 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1118. Keshavarz P, Rafiee F, Kavandi H, et al. Ischemic gastrointestinal complications of COVID-19: a systematic review on imaging presentation. Clin Imaging. 2020 Dec 8;73:86-95.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1119. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; Greenhalgh T, Treadwell J, Burrow R, et al. NEWS (or NEWS2) score when assessing possible COVID-19 patients in primary care? 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1120. Raschke RA, Agarwal S, Rangan P, et al. Discriminant accuracy of the SOFA score for determining the probable mortality of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation. JAMA. 2021 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1121. George PM, Barratt SL, Condliffe R, et al. Respiratory follow-up of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Thorax. 2020 Aug 24 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1122. Shah AS, Wong AW, Hague CJ, et al. A prospective study of 12-week respiratory outcomes in COVID-19-related hospitalisations. Thorax. 2020 Dec 3 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1123. Torres-Castro R, Vasconcello-Castillo L, Alsina-Restoy X, et al. Respiratory function in patients post-infection by COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pulmonology. 2020 Nov 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1124. Fan G, Tu C, Zhou F, et al. Comparison of severity scores for COVID-19 patients with pneumonia: a retrospective study. Eur Respir J. 2020 Jul 16 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1125. Zou X, Li S, Fang M, et al. Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score as a predictor of hospital mortality in patients of coronavirus disease 2019. Crit Care Med. 2020 May 1;48(8):e657-65.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1126. Ji D, Zhang D, Xu J, et al. Prediction for progression risk in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: the CALL score. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 9 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1127. Liang W, Liang H, Ou L, et al. Development and validation of a clinical risk score to predict the occurrence of critical illness in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 May 12 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1128. Fumagalli C, Rozzini R, Vannini M, et al. Clinical risk score to predict in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients: a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2020 Sep 25;10(9):e040729.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1129. Berenguer J, Borobia AM, Ryan P, et al. Development and validation of a prediction model for 30-day mortality in hospitalised patients with COVID-19: the COVID-19 SEIMC score. Thorax. 2021 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1130. Clift AK, Coupland CAC, Keogh RH, et al. Living risk prediction algorithm (QCOVID) for risk of hospital admission and mortality from coronavirus 19 in adults: national derivation and validation cohort study. BMJ. 2020 Oct 20;371:m3731.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1131. Department of Health and Social Care. New technology to help identify those at high risk from COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1132. Wongvibulsin S, Garibaldi BT, Antar AAR, et al. Development of severe COVID-19 adaptive risk predictor (SCARP), a calculator to predict severe disease or death in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Mar 2 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1133. Yadaw AS, Li YC, Bose S, et al. Clinical features of COVID-19 mortality: development and validation of a clinical prediction model. Lancet Digit Health. 2020 Oct;2(10):e516-25.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1134. Knight SR, Ho A, Pius R, et al. Risk stratification of patients admitted to hospital with covid-19 using the ISARIC WHO clinical characterisation protocol: development and validation of the 4C mortality score. BMJ. 2020 Sep 9;370:m3339.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1135. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim guidance for public health professionals managing people with COVID-19 in home care and isolation who have pets or other animals. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1136. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): COVID-19 and animals. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1137. Shi J, Wen Z, Zhong G, et al. Susceptibility of ferrets, cats, dogs, and other domesticated animals to SARS-coronavirus 2. Science. 2020 May 29;368(6494):1016-20.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1138. IDEXX Laboratories. Leading veterinary diagnostic company sees no COVID-19 cases in pets. 2020 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1139. Newman A, Smith D, Ghai RR, et al. First reported cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in companion animals: New York, March-April 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Jun 12;69(23):710-3.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1140. Halfmann PJ, Hatta M, Chiba S, et al. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in domestic cats. N Engl J Med. 2020 Aug 6 [Epub ahead of print].全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

1141. San Diego Zoo Global. Gorilla troop at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park test positive for COVID-19. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1142. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): if you have pets. 2021 [internet publication].全文 external link opens in a new window

1143. Salman D, Vishnubala D, Le Feuvre P, et al. Returning to physical activity after covid-19. BMJ. 2021 Jan 8;372:m4721.全文 external link opens in a new window摘要 external link opens in a new window

内容使用需遵循免责声明