Patient discussions

General prevention measures

  • Wash hands often with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitiser and avoid touching the eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

  • Avoid close contact with people (i.e., maintain a distance of at least 1 metre [3 feet]), particularly those who are sick.

  • Stay at home if sick and isolate yourself from other people.

  • Practice respiratory hygiene (i.e., cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, discard tissue immediately in a closed bin, and wash hands).

  • Regularly clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.[82][83]

Travel advice


  • Advise patients to limit their interaction, and avoid direct contact with their pets and other animals, especially while they are symptomatic. At this time, there is no evidence that pets and other animals can spread COVID-19; however, caution is advised.[288][289]

  • CDC: animals and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) external link opens in a new window


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