治疗的并发症包括低血糖、低钾血症、肺水肿和急性呼吸窘迫综合征（acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS）。
糖尿病酮症酸中毒是糖尿病的一种急性代谢并发症，可能会危及生命，因此需要及时就医治疗。它的特点是胰岛素绝对缺乏，是 1 型糖尿病最常见的急性高血糖性并发症。
Gerry Rayman, MD, FRCP
Consultant Physician and Head of Service
Diabetes and Endocrine Centre and the Diabetes Research Unit
Ipswich Hospitals NHS Trust
GR is Lead and Innovator of the National Inpatient Diabetes Audit; and Joint Clinical Lead of the Diabetes, Getting It Right First Time programme.
GR has been paid for advisory board meetings with the following companies: Sanofi Aventis, Abbott Diabetes UK, Lilly Diabetes, and Bayer. GR has received lecture fees from Sanofi Aventis, Abbott Diabetes UK, Lilly Diabetes, Novo Nordisk, and Napp Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
BMJ Best Practice would like to gratefully acknowledge the previous team of expert contributors, whose work has been retained in parts of the content:
Aidar R. Gosmanov, MD, PhD, FACE
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Endocrinology
Albany Medical College
Chief, Endocrinology Section
Laleh Razavi Nematollahi, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
ARG and LRN declare that they have no competing interests.
Honorary Professor of Medicine
University of Manchester
Tameside and Glossop Integrated Care NHS Foundation Trust
EJ declares that he has no competing interests.
Section Editor, BMJ Best Practice
AS declares that she has no competing interests.
Head of Research and Development, BMJ
LD declares that she has no competing interests.
Head of Editorial, BMJ Best Practice
AE declares that she has no competing interests.
Lead Section Editor, BMJ Best Practice
RW declares that she has no competing interests.
Comorbidities Editor, BMJ Best Practice
JC declares that she has no competing interests.
Drug Editor, BMJ Best Practice
AM declares that he has no competing interests.