References

Key articles

World Health Organization. Clinical management and infection prevention and control for monkeypox: interim rapid response guidance, 10 June 2022. June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

Reference articles

1. World Health Organization. Clinical management and infection prevention and control for monkeypox: interim rapid response guidance, 10 June 2022. June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

2. Health and Safety Executive, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens. The approved list of biological agents. July 2021 [internet publication].Full text

3. World Health Organization. WHO recommends new name for monkeypox disease. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

4. Bunge EM, Hoet B, Chen L, et al. The changing epidemiology of human monkeypox – a potential threat? A systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2022 Feb;16(2):e0010141.Full text  Abstract

5. Beer EM, Rao VB. A systematic review of the epidemiology of human monkeypox outbreaks and implications for outbreak strategy. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019 Oct;13(10):e0007791.Full text  Abstract

6. Nguyen PY, Ajisegiri WS, Costantino V, et al. Reemergence of human monkeypox and declining population immunity in the context of urbanization, Nigeria, 2017-2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1007-14.Full text  Abstract

7. World Health Organization. 2022 mpox (monkeypox) outbreak: global trends. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

8. Besombes C, Mbrenga F, Schaeffer L, et al. National monkeypox surveillance, Central African Republic, 2001-2021. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Nov 3;28(12). Abstract

9. McCollum AM, Shelus V, Hill A, et al. Epidemiology of human mpox: worldwide, 2018-2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2023 Jan 20;72(3):68-72.Full text  Abstract

10. León-Figueroa DA, Barboza JJ, Garcia-Vasquez EA, et al. Epidemiological situation of monkeypox transmission by possible sexual contact: a systematic review. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 27;7(10):267.Full text  Abstract

11. Kumar R, Singh S, Singh SK. A systematic review of 5110 cases of monkeypox: what has changed between 1970 and 2022? Cureus. 2022 Oct;14(10):e30841.Full text  Abstract

12. Liu Q, Fu L, Wang B, et al. Clinical characteristics of human mpox (monkeypox) in 2022: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pathogens. 2023 Jan 15;12(1):146.Full text  Abstract

13. Grothe JH, Cornely OA, Salmanton-García J, et al. Monkeypox in children and adult women in Europe: results from a flash VACCELERATE pilot survey. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2022 Sep 19 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

14. Vallejo-Plaza A, Rodríguez-Cabrera F, Hernando Sebastián V, et al. Mpox (formerly monkeypox) in women: epidemiological features and clinical characteristics of mpox cases in Spain, April to November 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Dec;27(48):2200867.Full text  Abstract

15. Gaeta F, De Caro F, Franci G, et al. Monkeypox infection 2022: an updated narrative review focusing on the neonatal and pediatric population. Children (Basel). 2022 Nov 26;9(12):1832.Full text  Abstract

16. Oakley LP, Hufstetler K, O'Shea J, et al. Mpox cases among cisgender women and pregnant persons: United States, May 11 - November 7, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2023 Jan 6;72(1):9-14.Full text  Abstract

17. Blackburn D, Roth NM, Gold JAW, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical features of mpox in transgender and gender-diverse adults: United States, May - November 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Dec 30;71(5152):1605-9.Full text  Abstract

18. Hennessee I, Shelus V, McArdle CE, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical features of children and adolescents aged <18 years with monkeypox: United States, May 17 - September 24, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Nov 4;71(44):1407-11.Full text  Abstract

19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clinical considerations for treatment and prophylaxis of mpox in people who are immunocompromised. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

20. O'Shea J, Filardo TD, Morris SB, et al. Interim guidance for prevention and treatment of monkeypox in persons with HIV infection: United States, August 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Aug 12;71(32):1023-8.Full text  Abstract

21. Thornhill JP, Palich R, Ghosn J, et al. Human monkeypox virus infection in women and non-binary individuals during the 2022 outbreaks: a global case series. Lancet. 2022 Dec 3;400(10367):1953-65.Full text  Abstract

22. UK Health Security Agency. Monkeypox case in England. December 2018 [internet publication].Full text

23. UK Health Security Agency. Monkeypox case confirmed in England. December 2019 [internet publication].Full text

24. World Health Organization. Monkeypox: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. July 2021 [internet publication].Full text

25. World Health Organization. Monkeypox: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

26. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Imported monkeypox case reported in Maryland. November 2021 [internet publication].Full text

27. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC and Texas confirm monkeypox in U.S. traveler. July 2021 [internet publication].Full text

28. Rao AK, Schulte J, Chen TH, et al. Monkeypox in a traveler returning from Nigeria – Dallas, Texas, July 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Apr 8;71(14):509-16.Full text  Abstract

29. World Health Organization. Disease outbreak news. Monkeypox - Singapore. May 2019 [internet publication].Full text

30. Erez N, Achdout H, Milrot E, et al. Diagnosis of imported monkeypox, Israel, 2018. Emerg Infect Dis. 2019 May;25(5):980-3.Full text  Abstract

31. Huhn GD, Bauer AM, Yorita K, et al. Clinical characteristics of human monkeypox, and risk factors for severe disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Dec 15;41(12):1742-51.Full text  Abstract

32. World Health Organization. Monkeypox: experts give virus variants new names. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

33. Happi C, Adetifa I, Mbala P, et al. Urgent need for a non-discriminatory and non-stigmatizing nomenclature for monkeypox virus. PLoS Biol. 2022 Aug 23;20(8):e3001769.Full text  Abstract

34. Luna N, Ramírez AL, Muñoz M, et al. Phylogenomic analysis of the monkeypox virus (MPXV) 2022 outbreak: emergence of a novel viral lineage? Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Jul 13;49:102402. Abstract

35. UK Health Security Agency. Monkeypox outbreak: technical briefings. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

36. Jolly B, Scaria V. A distinct phylogenetic cluster of monkeypox genomes suggests an early and cryptic spread of the virus. J Infect. 2023 Jan;86(1):e24-6.Full text  Abstract

37. Chmel M, Bartoš O, Kabíčková H, et al. Retrospective analysis revealed an April occurrence of monkeypox in the Czech Republic. Viruses. 2022 Aug 15;14(8):1773.Full text  Abstract

38. Sukhdeo S, Mishra S, Walmsley S. Human monkeypox: a comparison of the characteristics of the new epidemic to the endemic disease. BMC Infect Dis. 2022 Dec 12;22(1):928.Full text  Abstract

39. Haddad N. The presumed receptivity and susceptibility to monkeypox of European animal species. Infect Dis Now. 2022 Aug;52(5):294-8.Full text  Abstract

40. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Science brief: detection and transmission of mpox virus. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

41. Vanhamel J, Laisnez V, Liesenborghs L, et al. Understanding sexual transmission dynamics and transmission contexts of monkeypox virus: a mixed-methods study of the early outbreak in Belgium (May-June 2022). Sex Transm Infect. 2022 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

42. Karan A, Styczynski AR, Huang C, et al. Human monkeypox without viral prodrome or sexual exposure, California, USA, 2022. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Aug 16;28(10).Full text  Abstract

43. Hernandez LE, Jadoo A, Kirsner RS. Human monkeypox virus infection in an immunocompromised man: trial with tecovirimat. Lancet. 2022 Sep 10;400(10355):e8.Full text  Abstract

44. Saunders KE, Van Horn AN, Medlin HK, et al. Monkeypox in a young infant: Florida, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 23;71(38):1220-1.Full text  Abstract

45. Aguilera-Alonso D, Alonso-Cadenas JA, Roguera-Sopena M, et al. Monkeypox virus infections in children in Spain during the first months of the 2022 outbreak. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2022 Nov;6(11):e22-3.Full text  Abstract

46. Reda A, Abdelaal A, Brakat AM, et al. Monkeypox viral detection in semen specimens of confirmed cases: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2022 Oct 22:e28250.Full text  Abstract

47. Palich R, Burrel S, Monsel G, et al. Viral loads in clinical samples of men with monkeypox virus infection: a French case series. Lancet Infect Dis. 2023 Jan;23(1):74-80.Full text  Abstract

48. World Health Organization. Multi-country monkeypox outbreak: situation update. 27 June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

49. Sah R, Abdelaal A, Reda A, et al. Monkeypox and its possible sexual transmission: where are we now with its evidence? Pathogens. 2022 Aug 17;11(8):924.Full text  Abstract

50. Peiró-Mestres A, Fuertes I, Camprubí-Ferrer D, et al. Frequent detection of monkeypox virus DNA in saliva, semen, and other clinical samples from 12 patients, Barcelona, Spain, May to June 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Jul;27(28):2200503.Full text  Abstract

51. Suñer C, Ubals M, Tarín-Vicente EJ, et al. Viral dynamics in patients with monkeypox infection: a prospective cohort study in Spain. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Dec 12 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

52. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Monkeypox multi-country outbreak: second update. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

53. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Isolation and prevention practices for people with mpox. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

54. Siedner MJ, Trinidad J, Berto CG, et al. Mpox in young woman with no epidemiologic risk factors, Massachusetts, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2023 Jan 25;29(4).Full text  Abstract

55. Nörz D, Pfefferle S, Brehm TT, et al. Evidence of surface contamination in hospital rooms occupied by patients infected with monkeypox, Germany, June 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Jun;27(26).Full text  Abstract

56. Atkinson B, Burton C, Pottage T, et al. Infection-competent monkeypox virus contamination identified in domestic settings following an imported case of monkeypox into the UK. Environ Microbiol. 2022 Oct;24(10):4561-9.Full text  Abstract

57. Morgan CN, Whitehill F, Doty JB, et al. Environmental persistence of monkeypox virus on surfaces in household of person with travel-associated infection, Dallas, Texas, USA, 2021. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Aug 11;28(10).Full text  Abstract

58. Muller MP, Mishra S, McGeer A, et al. Environmental testing of surfaces in the room of a patient with mpox. Clin Infect Dis. 2023 Jan 6;76(1):179-81. Abstract

59. Pfeiffer JA, Collingwood A, Rider LE, et al. High-contact object and surface contamination in a household of persons with monkeypox virus infection: Utah, June 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Aug 26;71(34):1092-4.Full text  Abstract

60. Atkinson B, Gould S, Spencer A, et al. Monkeypox virus contamination in an office-based workplace environment. J Hosp Infect. 2022 Dec;130:141-3.Full text  Abstract

61. Gould S, Atkinson B, Onianwa O, et al. Air and surface sampling for monkeypox virus in a UK hospital: an observational study. Lancet Microbe. 2022 Dec;3(12):e904-11.Full text  Abstract

62. Ramnarayan P, Mitting R, Whittaker E, et al. Neonatal monkeypox virus infection. N Engl J Med. 2022 Oct 27;387(17):1618-20.Full text  Abstract

63. Van de Perre P, Molès JP, Rollins N. Is monkeypox virus transmissible by breastfeeding? Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2022 Oct;33(10):e13861.Full text  Abstract

64. Alonso-Cadenas JA, Andina-Martínez D, García-García CJ, et al. Monkeypox disease in a breastfeeding infant. Pediatr Dermatol. 2022 Sep 30 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

65. Satapathy P, Mohanty P, Manna S, et al. Potentially asymptomatic infection of monkeypox virus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccines (Basel). 2022 Dec 6;10(12):2083.Full text  Abstract

66. Ward T, Christie R, Paton RS, et al. Transmission dynamics of monkeypox in the United Kingdom: contact tracing study. BMJ. 2022 Nov 2;379:e073153.Full text  Abstract

67. Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al. Chapter 29: Human monkeypox and other poxvirus infections of man. In: Smallpox and its eradication. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1988.Full text

68. World Health Organization. Monkeypox: fact sheet. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

69. Reda A, El-Qushayri AE, Shah J. Asymptomatic monkeypox infection: a call for greater control of infection and transmission. Lancet Microbe. 2023 Jan;4(1):e15-6.Full text  Abstract

70. Ferré VM, Bachelard A, Zaidi M, et al. Detection of monkeypox virus in anorectal swabs from asymptomatic men who have sex with men in a sexually transmitted infection screening program in Paris, France. Ann Intern Med. 2022 Oct;175(10):1491-2.Full text  Abstract

71. Moschese D, Pozza G, Mileto D, et al. Isolation of viable monkeypox virus from anal and urethral swabs, Italy, May to July 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Sep;27(36).Full text  Abstract

72. Cassir N, Cardona F, Tissot-Dupont H, et al. Observational cohort study of evolving epidemiologic, clinical, and virologic features of monkeypox in Southern France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 14;28(12).Full text  Abstract

73. Thornhill JP, Barkati S, Walmsley S, et al. Monkeypox virus infection in humans across 16 countries: April–June 2022. N Engl J Med. 2022 Aug 25;387(8):679-91.Full text  Abstract

74. Kwok KO, Wei WI, Tang A, et al. Estimation of local transmissibility in the early phase of monkeypox epidemic in 2022. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2022 Dec;28(12):1653.e1-3.Full text  Abstract

75. Branda F, Pierini M, Mazzoli S. Monkeypox: early estimation of basic reproduction number R0 in Europe. J Med Virol. 2022 Nov 1:e28270.Full text  Abstract

76. Nolen LD, Osadebe L, Katomba J, et al. Introduction of monkeypox into a community and household: risk factors and zoonotic reservoirs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Aug;93(2):410-5.Full text  Abstract

77. Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al. Chapter 29: Human monkeypox and other poxvirus infections of man. In: Smallpox and its eradication. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1988.Full text

78. Kaler J, Hussain A, Flores G, et al. Monkeypox: a comprehensive review of transmission, pathogenesis, and manifestation. Cureus. 2022 Jul;14(7):e26531.Full text  Abstract

79. Lum FM, Torres-Ruesta A, Tay MZ, et al. Monkeypox: disease epidemiology, host immunity and clinical interventions. Nat Rev Immunol. 2022 Oct;22(10):597-613.Full text  Abstract

80. Al-Musa A, Chou J, LaBere B. The resurgence of a neglected orthopoxvirus: Immunologic and clinical aspects of monkeypox virus infections over the past six decades. Clin Immunol. 2022 Oct;243:109108.Full text  Abstract

81. World Health Organization. Surveillance, case investigation and contact tracing for mpox (monkeypox): interim guidance, 22 December 2022. December 2022 [internet publication].Full text

82. Marshall KE, Barton M, Nichols J, et al. Health care personnel exposures to subsequently laboratory-confirmed monkeypox patients: Colorado, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 23;71(38):1216-9.Full text  Abstract

83. Marshall KE, Barton M, Nichols J, et al. Health care personnel exposures to subsequently laboratory-confirmed monkeypox patients: Colorado, 2022. Am J Transplant. 2022 Nov;22(11):2699-703.Full text  Abstract

84. Carvalho LB, Casadio LVB, Polly M, et al. Monkeypox virus transmission to healthcare worker through needlestick injury, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 19;28(11):2334-6.Full text  Abstract

85. Salvato RS, Rodrigues Ikeda ML, Barcellos RB, et al. Possible occupational infection of healthcare workers with monkeypox virus, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 30;28(12).Full text  Abstract

86. Mendoza R, Petras JK, Jenkins P, et al. Monkeypox virus infection resulting from an occupational needlestick: Florida, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Oct 21;71(42):1348-9.Full text  Abstract

87. Caldas JP, Valdoleiros SR, Rebelo S, et al. Monkeypox after occupational needlestick injury from pustule. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 17;28(12). Abstract

88. Le Pluart D, Ruyer-Thompson M, Ferré VM, et al. A healthcare-associated infection with monkeypox virus of a healthcare worker during the 2022 outbreak. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Oct;9(10):ofac520.Full text  Abstract

89. Alarcón J, Kim M, Balanji N, et al. Occupational monkeypox virus transmission to healthcare worker, California, USA, 2022. Emerg Infect Dis. 2023 Feb;29(2):435-7.Full text  Abstract

90. Ladhani SN, Aiano F, Edwards DS, et al. Very low risk of monkeypox among staff and students after exposure to a confirmed case in educational settings, England, May to July 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Oct;27(40).Full text  Abstract

91. Tascini C, Geminiani M, Sbrana F, et al. Possible tattoo-transmitted monkeypox viral infection. Intern Emerg Med. 2022 Nov;17(8):2421-2.Full text  Abstract

92. Del Río García V, Palacios JG, Morcillo AM, et al. Monkeypox outbreak in a piercing and tattoo establishment in Spain. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 29;22(11):1526-8.Full text  Abstract

93. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox in animals. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

94. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clinical considerations for mpox in children and adolescents. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

95. Huang YA, Howard-Jones AR, Durrani S, et al. Monkeypox: a clinical update for paediatricians. J Paediatr Child Health. 2022 Sep;58(9):1532-8.Full text  Abstract

96. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clinical considerations for mpox in people who are pregnant or breastfeeding. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

97. Dashraath P, Nielsen-Saines K, Rimoin A, et al. Monkeypox and pregnancy: virology, clinical presentation, and obstetric management. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Dec;227(6):849-61.Full text  Abstract

98. D'Antonio F, Pagani G, Buca D, et al. Monkeypox infection in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2022 Sep 9:100747.Full text  Abstract

99. Ogoina D, Iroezindu M, James HI, et al. Clinical course and outcome of human monkeypox in Nigeria. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 5;71(8):e210-4.Full text  Abstract

100. Curran KG, Eberly K, Russell OO, et al. HIV and sexually transmitted infections among persons with monkeypox: eight US jurisdictions, May 17 - July 22, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 9;71(36):1141-7.Full text  Abstract

101. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health alert network (HAN) health advisory: severe manifestations of monkeypox among people who are immunocompromised due to HIV or other conditions. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

102. Miller MJ, Cash-Goldwasser S, Marx GE, et al. Severe monkeypox in hospitalized patients: United States, August 10 - October 10, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Nov 4;71(44):1412-7.Full text  Abstract

103. Bragazzi NL, Kong JD, Mahroum N, et al. Epidemiological trends and clinical features of the ongoing monkeypox epidemic: a preliminary pooled data analysis and literature review. J Med Virol. 2023 Jan;95(1):e27931. Abstract

104. Thomas A, Hammarlund E, Gao L, et al. Loss of preexisting immunological memory among human immunodeficiency virus-infected women despite immune reconstitution with antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 29;222(2):243-51.Full text  Abstract

105. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical guidance for the treatment of mpox. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

106. Xia J, Huang CL, Chu P, et al. Eczema monkeypoxicum: report of monkeypox transmission in a patient with atopic dermatitis. JAAD Case Rep. 2022 Nov;29:95-9.Full text  Abstract

107. Ramoni S, Maronese CA, Morini N, et al. Syphilis and monkeypox co-infection: coincidence, synergy or asymptomatic carriage? Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 5;50:102447.Full text  Abstract

108. Brooks JT, Marks P, Goldstein RH, et al. Intradermal vaccination for monkeypox: benefits for individual and public health. N Engl J Med. 2022 Sep 29;387(13):1151-3.Full text  Abstract

109. Frey SE, Wald A, Edupuganti S, et al. Comparison of lyophilized versus liquid modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) formulations and subcutaneous versus intradermal routes of administration in healthy vaccinia-naïve subjects. Vaccine. 2015 Sep 22;33(39):5225-34. Abstract

110. US Food and Drug Administration. Monkeypox update: FDA authorizes emergency use of JYNNEOS vaccine to increase vaccine supply. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

111. Bavarian Nordic. Direct healthcare professional communication: letter to GB/UK healthcare professionals about the differences between Imvanex® brand (licensed in GB/UK) and Jynneos® brand (licensed in US) of live modified vaccinia virus Ankara. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

112. UK Health Security Agency. Recommendations for the use of pre and post exposure vaccination during a monkeypox incident. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

113. European Medicines Agency. EMA’s emergency task force advises on intradermal use of Imvanex/Jynneos against monkeypox. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

114. UK Health Security Agency. Monkeypox: assessment of intradermal dosing of the smallpox vaccine. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

115. Pittman PR, Hahn M, Lee HS, et al. Phase 3 efficacy trial of modified vaccinia Ankara as a vaccine against smallpox. N Engl J Med. 2019 Nov 14;381(20):1897-908. Abstract

116. Rao AK, Petersen BW, Whitehill F, et al. Use of JYNNEOS (smallpox and monkeypox vaccine, live, nonreplicating) for preexposure vaccination of persons at risk for occupational exposure to orthopoxviruses: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices - United States, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Jun 3;71(22):734-42.Full text  Abstract

117. Duffy J, Marquez P, Moro P, et al. Safety monitoring of JYNNEOS vaccine during the 2022 mpox outbreak: United States, May 22 - October 21, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Dec 9;71(49):1555-9.Full text  Abstract

118. World Health Organization. Vaccines and immunization for monkeypox: interim guidance, 16 November 2022. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

119. British HIV Association. BHIVA rapid guidance on monkeypox virus. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

120. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smallpox: contraindications to vaccination. December 2016 [internet publication].Full text

121. Badell ML, Meaney-Delman D, Tuuli MG, et al. Risks associated with smallpox vaccination in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jun;125(6):1439-51.Full text  Abstract

122. Cono J, Casey CG, Bell DM, et al. Smallpox vaccination and adverse reactions: guidance for clinicians. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2003 Feb 21;52(RR-4):1-28.Full text  Abstract

123. Halsell JS, Riddle JR, Atwood JE, et al. Myopericarditis following smallpox vaccination among vaccinia-naive US military personnel. JAMA. 2003 Jun 25;289(24):3283-9.Full text  Abstract

124. Dayyab FM, Daiyab HM, Farahat RA. Precautions and recommendations towards possible cardiac manifestations of monkeypox vaccination. Int J Surg. 2022 Sep;105:106898.Full text  Abstract

125. UK Health Security Agency. Mpox (monkeypox) outbreak: vaccination strategy. June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

126. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical considerations for use of JYNNEOS and ACAM2000 vaccines during the 2022 US mpox outbreak. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

127. Earl PL, Americo JL, Wyatt LS, et al. Immunogenicity of a highly attenuated MVA smallpox vaccine and protection against monkeypox. Nature. 2004 Mar 11;428(6979):182-5.Full text  Abstract

128. Zaeck LM, Lamers MM, Verstrepen BE, et al. Low levels of monkeypox virus neutralizing antibodies after MVA-BN vaccination in healthy individuals. Nat Med. 2022 Oct 18 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

129. McCollum AM, Damon IK. Human monkeypox. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jan;58(2):260-7.Full text  Abstract

130. Payne AB, Ray LC, Cole MM, et al. Reduced risk for mpox after receipt of 1 or 2 doses of JYNNEOS vaccine compared with risk among unvaccinated persons: 43 U.S. jurisdictions, July 31 - October 1, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Dec 9;71(49):1560-4.Full text  Abstract

131. Farrar JL, Lewis NM, Houck K, et al. Demographic and clinical characteristics of mpox in persons who had previously received 1 dose of JYNNEOS vaccine and in unvaccinated persons: 29 U.S. jurisdictions, May 22 - September 3, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Dec 30;71(5152):1610-5.Full text  Abstract

132. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ​Preliminary JYNNEOS vaccine effectiveness estimates against medically attended mpox disease in the U.S., August 15, 2022 – October 29, 2022. December 2022 [internet publication].Full text

133. Turner M, Mandia J, Keltner C, et al. Monkeypox in patient immunized with ACAM2000 smallpox vaccine during 2022 outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 14;28(11):2336-8.Full text  Abstract

134. Raccagni AR, Candela C, Mileto D, et al. Breakthrough monkeypox infection among individuals previously immunized with smallpox or monkeypox vaccination. J Infect. 2022 Dec 5 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

135. Berens-Riha N, De Block T, Rutgers J, et al. Severe mpox (formerly monkeypox) disease in five patients after recent vaccination with MVA-BN vaccine, Belgium, July to October 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Dec;27(48):2200894.Full text  Abstract

136. Hoffmann C, Wolf E, Jessen H, et al. Is there any evidence for milder courses of monkeypox virus infections with childhood smallpox vaccination? Infection. 2022 Sep 20 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

137. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical considerations for use of COVID-19 vaccines currently approved or authorized in the United States. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

138. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox: clinician FAQs. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

139. UK Health Security Agency; Public Health Wales; Public Health Agency (Northern Ireland). Principles for control of non-HCID mpox in the UK: 4 nations consensus statement. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

140. UK Health Security Agency. Mpox (monkeypox): case definitions. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

141. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Case definitions for use in the 2022 mpox response. July 2022 [internet publication].Full text

142. Mulka L, Cassell J. The changing face of monkeypox. BMJ. 2022 Aug 10;378:o1990.Full text  Abstract

143. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox: clinical recognition. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

144. Philpott D, Hughes CM, Alroy KA, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of monkeypox cases: United States, May 17 – July 22, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Aug 12;71(32):1018-22.Full text  Abstract

145. Patel A, Bilinska J, Tam JCH, et al. Clinical features and novel presentations of human monkeypox in a central London centre during the 2022 outbreak: descriptive case series. BMJ. 2022 Jul 28;378:e072410.Full text  Abstract

146. World Health Organization. Update 79: Monkeypox outbreak update: situation - transmission - countermeasures. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

147. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated case-finding guidance: monkeypox outbreak – United States, 2022. June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

148. Pfäfflin F, Wendisch D, Scherer R, et al. Monkeypox in-patients with severe anal pain. Infection. 2022 Aug 12 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

149. Yakubovsky M, Shasha D, Reich S, et al. Monkeypox presenting as proctitis in men who have sex with men. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 6 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

150. Tarín-Vicente EJ, Alemany A, Agud-Dios M, et al. Clinical presentation and virological assessment of confirmed human monkeypox virus cases in Spain: a prospective observational cohort study. Lancet. 2022 Aug 27;400(10353):661-9.Full text  Abstract

151. Boesecke C, Monin MB, van Bremen K, et al. Severe monkeypox-virus infection in undiagnosed advanced HIV infection. Infection. 2022 Dec;50(6):1633-4.Full text  Abstract

152. Angelo KM, Smith T, Camprubí-Ferrer D, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with monkeypox in the GeoSentinel Network: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 7 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

153. Girometti N, Byrne R, Bracchi M, et al. Demographic and clinical characteristics of confirmed human monkeypox virus cases in individuals attending a sexual health centre in London, UK: an observational analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Sep;22(9):1321-8.Full text  Abstract

154. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Monkeypox cases reported in UK and Portugal. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

155. Patrocinio-Jesus R, Peruzzu F. Monkeypox genital lesions. N Engl J Med. 2022 Jul 7;387(1):66.Full text  Abstract

156. Orviz E, Negredo A, Ayerdi O, et al. Monkeypox outbreak in Madrid (Spain): clinical and virological aspects. J Infect. 2022 Oct;85(4):412-7.Full text  Abstract

157. Català A, Clavo Escribano P, Riera J, et al. Monkeypox outbreak in Spain: clinical and epidemiological findings in a prospective cross-sectional study of 185 cases. Br J Dermatol. 2022 Nov;187(5):765-72.Full text  Abstract

158. Quattri E, Avallone G, Maronese CA, et al. Unilesional monkeypox: a report of two cases from Italy. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Aug 10;49:102424.Full text  Abstract

159. Ardila CM, Arrubla-Escobar DE, Vivares-Builes AM. Oral lesions in patients with human monkeypox: a systematic scoping review. J Oral Pathol Med. 2022 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

160. Mishra S, Khan R, Krizova A, et al. Esophageal monkeypox lesion. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022 Sep 26 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

161. Williams G, Watters C, Watson N. Auricular manifestation of mpox (monkeypox). BMJ Case Rep. 2023 Jan 19;16(1):e252931.Full text  Abstract

162. Portela-Dias J, Sereno S, Falcão-Reis I, et al. Female monkeypox infection with localized genital lesions. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Aug 25 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

163. Vallée A, Chatelain A, Carbonnel M, et al. Monkeypox virus infection in 18-year-old woman after sexual intercourse, France, September 2022. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Nov 10;29(1).Full text  Abstract

164. Zayat N, Huang S, Wafai J, et al. Monkeypox virus infection in 22-year-old woman after sexual intercourse, New York, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Nov 10;29(1).Full text  Abstract

165. Ramírez M, Delso V, Sánchez MJ, et al. Mpox (monkeypox) presenting as cervical and vulvar disease. Obstet Gynecol. 2023 Jan 10 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

166. Prasad S, Casas CG, Strahan AG, et al. A dermatologic assessment of 101 mpox (monkeypox) cases from 13 countries during the 2022 outbreak: skin lesion morphology, clinical course, and scarring. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2023 Jan 11 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

167. Gomez-Garberi M, Sarrio-Sanz P, Martinez-Cayuelas L, et al. Genitourinary lesions due to monkeypox. Eur Urol. 2022 Dec;82(6):625-30.Full text  Abstract

168. Simon-Gozalbo A, Gamo-Guerrero M, Alonso-Garcia S, et al. Haemorrhagic monkeypox infection in an immunosuppressed patient with human immunodeficiency virus: beyond the pustules. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023 Jan;29(1):122-4.Full text  Abstract

169. NHS England. Management of laboratory confirmed mpox infections. February 2023 [internet publication].Full text

170. World Health Organization. Laboratory testing for the monkeypox virus: interim guidance. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

171. UK Health Security Agency. Mpox (monkeypox): diagnostic testing. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

172. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for collecting and handling specimens for mpox testing. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

173. Altindis M, Puca E, Shapo L. Diagnosis of monkeypox virus: an overview. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 13;50:102459.Full text  Abstract

174. Gul I, Liu C, Yuan X, et al. Current and perspective sensing methods for monkeypox virus. Bioengineering (Basel). 2022 Oct 18;9(10):571.Full text  Abstract

175. Minhaj FS, Petras JK, Brown JA, et al. Orthopoxvirus testing challenges for persons in populations at low risk or without known epidemiologic link to monkeypox: United States, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 9;71(36):1155-8.Full text  Abstract

176. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update for clinicians on testing and treatment for monkeypox. July 2022 [internet publication].Full text

177. Paran N, Yahalom-Ronen Y, Shifman O, et al. Monkeypox DNA levels correlate with virus infectivity in clinical samples, Israel, 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Sep;27(35).Full text  Abstract

178. Martins-Filho PR, Tanajura DM, Alves Dos Santos C. Polymerase chain reaction positivity and cycle threshold values in biological samples from patients with monkeypox: a meta-analysis. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 7;50:102448.Full text  Abstract

179. Hasso M, Perusini S, Eshaghi A, et al. Monkeypox virus detection in different clinical specimen types. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 12;28(12).Full text  Abstract

180. Nörz D, Brehm TT, Tang HT, et al. Clinical characteristics and comparison of longitudinal qPCR results from different specimen types in a cohort of ambulatory and hospitalized patients infected with monkeypox virus. J Clin Virol. 2022 Aug 11;155:105254.Full text  Abstract

181. US Food and Drug Administration. For monkeypox testing, use lesion swab samples to avoid false results: FDA safety communication. July 2022 [internet publication].Full text

182. Veintimilla C, Catalán P, Alonso R, et al. The relevance of multiple clinical specimens in the diagnosis of monkeypox virus, Spain, June 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Aug;27(33).Full text  Abstract

183. Allan-Blitz LT, Carragher K, Sukhija-Cohen A, et al. Laboratory validation and clinical performance of a saliva-based test for monkeypox virus. J Med Virol. 2023 Jan;95(1):e28191.Full text  Abstract

184. Messina MD, Wolf EL, Kanmaniraja D, et al. Imaging features of anorectal proctitis in monkeypox infection. Clin Imaging. 2022 Dec;92:109-11.Full text  Abstract

185. Titanji BK, Tegomoh B, Nematollahi S, et al. Monkeypox: a contemporary review for healthcare professionals. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Jul;9(7):ofac310.Full text  Abstract

186. El Eid R, Allaw F, Haddad SF, et al. Human monkeypox: a review of the literature. PLoS Pathog. 2022 Sep;18(9):e1010768.Full text  Abstract

187. Sui Y, Xu Q, Liu M, et al. CRISPR-Cas12a-based detection of monkeypox virus. J Infect. 2022 Dec;85(6):702-69.Full text  Abstract

188. Feng J, Xue G, Cui X, et al. Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid and visual detection of monkeypox virus. Microbiol Spectr. 2022 Sep 26:e0271422.Full text  Abstract

189. Hussain A, Kaler J, Lau G, et al. Clinical conundrums: differentiating monkeypox from similarly presenting infections. Cureus. 2022 Oct;14(10):e29929.Full text  Abstract

190. El-Qushayri AE, Reda A, Shah J. COVID-19 and monkeypox co-infection: a rapid systematic review. Front Immunol. 2022 Dec 14;13:1094346.Full text  Abstract

191. Oprea C, Ionuț Popa, Ianache I, et al. Monkeypox, severe hepatitis A, and syphilis in an HIV returning traveler from Spain to Romania. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 8:102455.Full text  Abstract

192. Martins-Filho PR, Dorea FCM, Sena LOC, et al. First reports of monkeypox and varicella-zoster virus coinfection in the global human monkeypox outbreak in 2022. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2023 Jan-Feb;51:102510.Full text  Abstract

193. Hughes CM, Liu L, Davidson WB, et al. A tale of two viruses: coinfections of monkeypox and varicella zoster virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 Dec 7;104(2):604-11.Full text  Abstract

194. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Monkeypox (MPX) reporting protocol 2022, version 3.2. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

195. UK Health Security Agency. Monkeypox: contact tracing. January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

196. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox: monitoring and risk assessment for persons exposed in the community. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

197. Webb E, Rigby I, Michelen M, et al. Availability, scope and quality of monkeypox clinical management guidelines globally: a systematic review. BMJ Glob Health. 2022 Aug;7(8):e009838.Full text  Abstract

198. UK Health Security Agency. HCID status of mpox (monkeypox). January 2023 [internet publication].Full text

199. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clinical considerations for pain management of mpox. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

200. Hans GH, Wildemeersch D, Meeus I. Integrated analgesic care in the current human monkeypox outbreak: perspectives on an integrated and holistic approach combining old allies with innovative technologies. Medicina (Kaunas). 2022 Oct 15;58(10):1454.Full text  Abstract

201. Lucar J, Roberts A, Saardi KM, et al. Monkeypox virus-associated severe proctitis treated with oral tecovirimat: a report of two cases. Ann Intern Med. 2022 Aug 18 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

202. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. Monkeypox management recommendations (proctitis). June 2022 [internet publication].Full text

203. de Sousa D, Frade J, Patrocínio J, et al. Monkeypox infection and bacterial cellulitis: a complication to look for. Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Oct;123:180-2.Full text  Abstract

204. Reda A, Hemmeda L, Brakat AM, et al. The clinical manifestations and severity of the 2022 monkeypox outbreak among 4080 patients. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 15 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

205. Fink DL, Callaby H, Luintel A, et al. Clinical features and management of individuals admitted to hospital with monkeypox and associated complications across the UK: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Dec 22 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

206. DeWitt ME, Polk C, Williamson J, et al. Global monkeypox case hospitalisation rates: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. 2022 Dec;54:101710.Full text  Abstract

207. de Oliveira-Júnior JM, Tenório MDL, Dos Santos Caduda S, et al. Reasons for hospitalization of patients with monkeypox: a quantitative evidence synthesis. Infection. 2022 Oct 18 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

208. Siegrist EA, Sassine J. Antivirals with activity against monkeypox: a clinically oriented review. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jul 29 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

209. Shamim MA, Padhi BK, Satapathy P, et al. The use of antivirals in the treatment of human monkeypox outbreaks: a systematic review. Int J Infect Dis. 2023 Feb;127:150-61.Full text  Abstract

210. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Tecovirimat as a treatment for patients hospitalised due to monkeypox viral infection. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

211. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on managing monkeypox in patients receiving therapeutics. November 2022 [internet publication].Full text

212. ClinicalTrials.gov. A trial to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of the anti-orthopoxvirus compound tecovirimat (SIGA246-008). November 2017 [internet publication].Full text

213. Grosenbach DW, Honeychurch K, Rose EA, et al. Oral tecovirimat for the treatment of smallpox. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 5;379(1):44-53.Full text  Abstract

214. Adler H, Gould S, Hine P, et al. Clinical features and management of human monkeypox: a retrospective observational study in the UK. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Aug;22(8):1153-62.Full text  Abstract

215. Matias WR, Koshy JM, Nagami EH, et al. Tecovirimat for the treatment of human monkeypox: an initial series from Massachusetts, United States. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Aug;9(8):ofac377.Full text  Abstract

216. Desai AN, Thompson GR 3rd, Neumeister SM, et al. Compassionate use of tecovirimat for the treatment of monkeypox infection. JAMA. 2022 Oct 4;328(13):1348-50.Full text  Abstract

217. O'Laughlin K, Tobolowsky FA, Elmor R, et al. Clinical use of tecovirimat (Tpoxx) for treatment of monkeypox under an investigational new drug protocol: United States, May - August 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 16;71(37):1190-5.Full text  Abstract

218. Viguier C, de Kermel T, Boumaza X, et al. A severe monkeypox infection in a patient with an advanced HIV infection treated with tecovirimat: clinical and virological outcome. Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 29;125:135-7.Full text  Abstract

219. Mbrenga F, Nakouné E, Malaka C, et al. Tecovirimat for monkeypox in Central African Republic under expanded access. N Engl J Med. 2022 Dec 15;387(24):2294-5.Full text  Abstract

220. Wu EL, Osborn RL, Bertram CM, et al. Tecovirimat use in ambulatory and hospitalized patients with monkeypox virus infection. Sex Transm Dis. 2022 Dec 2 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

221. Rojek A, Dunning J, Olliaro P. Monkeypox: how will we know if the treatments work? Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Sep;22(9):1269-70.Full text  Abstract

222. National Institute for Health and Care Research. Efficacy of tecovirimat for the treatment of non-hospitalised patients with confirmed monkeypox: research brief. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

223. University of Oxford. PLATINUM: placebo-controlled randomised trial of tecovirimat in non-hospitalised monkeypox patients. 2022 [internet publication].Full text

224. National Institutes of Health. STOMP: study of tecovirimat for human monkeypox virus. 2022 [internet publication].Full text

225. Stittelaar KJ, Neyts J, Naesens L, et al. Antiviral treatment is more effective than smallpox vaccination upon lethal monkeypox virus infection. Nature. 2006 Feb 9;439(7077):745-8.Full text  Abstract

226. Huggins J, Goff A, Hensley L, et al. Nonhuman primates are protected from smallpox virus or monkeypox virus challenges by the antiviral drug ST-246. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Jun;53(6):2620-5.Full text  Abstract

227. Fabrizio C, Bruno G, Cristiano L, et al. Cidofovir for treating complicated monkeypox in a man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Infection. 2022 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

228. Raccagni AR, Candela C, Bruzzesi E, et al. Real-life use of cidofovir for the treatment of severe monkeypox cases. J Med Virol. 2022 Oct 13 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

229. Mondi A, Gagliardini R, Mazzotta V, et al. Clinical experience with use of oral tecovirimat or intravenous cidofovir for the treatment of monkeypox in an Italian reference hospital. J Infect. 2022 Nov 5 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

230. Labate L, Brucci G, Ciccarese G, et al. Nasal monkeypox virus infection successfully treated with cidofovir in a patient newly diagnosed with HIV. Int J STD AIDS. 2022 Dec 15 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

231. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infection prevention and control of mpox in healthcare settings. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

232. UK Health Security Agency. De-isolation and discharge of mpox-infected patients: interim guidance. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

233. Dashraath P, Nielsen-Saines K, Mattar C, et al. Guidelines for pregnant individuals with monkeypox virus exposure. Lancet. 2022 Jul 2;400(10345):21-2.Full text  Abstract

234. Khalil A, Samara A, O'Brien P, et al. Monkeypox and pregnancy: what do obstetricians need to know? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Jul;60(1):22-7.Full text  Abstract

235. Raccagni AR, Mileto D, Galli L, et al. HIV viral load monitoring during monkeypox virus infection among PLWH. AIDS. 2023 Jan 9 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

236. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidance for tecovirimat use: expanded access investigational new drug protocol during 2022 US mpox outbreak. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

237. Mazurkov OY, Kabanov AS, Shishkina LN, et al. New effective chemically synthesized anti-smallpox compound NIOCH-14. J Gen Virol. 2016 May;97(5):1229-39.Full text  Abstract

238. Sobral-Costas TG, Escudero-Tornero R, Servera-Negre G, et al. Human monkeypox outbreak: epidemiological data and therapeutic potential of topical cidofovir in a prospective cohort study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2022 Nov 28 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

239. Menezes YR, Miranda AB. Severe disseminated clinical presentation of monkeypox virus infection in an immunosuppressed patient: first death report in Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2022 Aug 29;55:e0392.Full text  Abstract

240. Sah R, Mohanty A, Abdelaal A, et al. First Monkeypox deaths outside Africa: no room for complacency. Ther Adv Infect Dis. 2022 Jan-Dec;9:20499361221124027.Full text  Abstract

241. Golden J, Harryman L, Crofts M, et al. Case of apparent mpox reinfection. Sex Transm Infect. 2023 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

242. Evans L, Rhodes A, Alhazzani W, et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021. Crit Care Med. 2021 Nov 1;49(11):e1063-143.Full text  Abstract

243. Mailhe M, Beaumont AL, Thy M, et al. Clinical characteristics of ambulatory and hospitalised patients with monkeypox virus infection: an observational cohort study. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2022 Aug 23 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

244. Frade JV, Sousa I, Marques T, et al. Acute paronychia: an atypical presentation of monkeypox infection. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2022 Oct 28 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

245. Smith K, Tyson K, Hossain R, et al. Progressively confluent monkeypox lesions with necrosis. Oxf Med Case Reports. 2023 Jan 18 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

246. Frade JV, Sousa I, Marques T, et al. Acute paronychia: an atypical presentation of Monkeypox infection. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2023 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

247. Dumont M, Guilhou T, Gerin M, et al. Myocarditis in monkeypox-infected patients: a case series. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2022 Dec 9 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

248. Jaiswal V, Sultana Q, Lahori S, et al. Monkeypox-induced myocarditis: a systematic review. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2023 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

249. Rayati Damavandi A, Semnani F, Hassanpour K. A review of monkeypox ocular manifestations and complications: insights for the 2022 outbreak. Ophthalmol Ther. 2023 Feb;12(1):55-69.Full text  Abstract

250. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical considerations for management of ocular mpox virus infection. October 2022 [internet publication].Full text

251. Finamor LPS, de Freitas D, Andrade G, et al. Tecovirimat treatment for monkeypox virus keratouveitis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2022 Dec 22 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

252. Perzia B, Theotoka D, Li K, et al. Treatment of ocular-involving monkeypox virus with topical trifluridine and oral tecovirimat in the 2022 monkeypox virus outbreak. Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2023 Mar;29:101779.Full text  Abstract

253. Davido B, D'Anglejan E, Baudoin R, et al. Monkeypox outbreak 2022: an unusual case of peritonsillar abscess in a person previously vaccinated against smallpox. J Travel Med. 2022 Sep 17;29(6):taac082. Abstract

254. Mathieson T, Dulguerov N, Mermod M. Monkeypox mucosal lesions. IDCases. 2022 Aug 17;29:e01600.Full text  Abstract

255. Meng X. Clinical manifestations of the pharynx in human monkeypox. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 26;50:102465.Full text  Abstract

256. Mahtani AU, Engome YM, Haider M, et al. Paraphimosis as a complication of monkeypox infection. J Surg Case Rep. 2022 Nov;2022(11):rjac533.Full text  Abstract

257. Milano E, Belati A, De Santis L, et al. First case of paraphimosis as a severe complication of monkeypox. Vaccines (Basel). 2022 Dec 28;11(1):63.Full text  Abstract

258. Poole M, Mehrmal S, Kremer M, et al. An atypical presentation of monkeypox associated with scrotal and penile shaft edema. JAAD Case Rep. 2023 Jan 20 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

259. Kapmaz M, Uymaz DS, Özcan G, et al. A complicated case of monkeypox and viral shedding characteristics. J Infect. 2022 Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

260. Brown L, Delaney C, Hainsworth A. Monkeypox-associated proctitis and rectal wall perforation. BMJ Case Rep. 2023 Jan 17;16(1):e252168.Full text  Abstract

261. Hackett N, Narayan P, Huf S. Mpox (monkeypox) causing penile lesions and acute urinary retention. BMJ Case Rep. 2022 Dec 14;15(12):e252696.Full text  Abstract

262. Fonti M, Mader T, Burmester-Kiang J, et al. Monkeypox associated acute arthritis. Lancet Rheumatol. 2022 Sep 12 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

263. Lombès A, Zmerli M, Nerozzi-Banfi E, et al. Arthritis due to monkeypox virus: a case report. Joint Bone Spine. 2022 Nov 18;90(2):105492.Full text  Abstract

264. Badenoch JB, Conti I, Rengasamy ER, et al. Neurological and psychiatric presentations associated with human monkeypox virus infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. 2022 Oct;52:101644.Full text  Abstract

265. Billioux BJ, Mbaya OT, Sejvar J, et al. Neurologic complications of smallpox and monkeypox: a review. JAMA Neurol. 2022 Sep 20 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

266. Money KM, Barnett TA, Rapaka S, et al. Monkeypox-associated central nervous system disease: a case series and review. Ann Neurol. 2023 Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

267. Pastula DM, Copeland MJ, Hannan MC, et al. Two cases of monkeypox-associated encephalomyelitis: Colorado and the District of Columbia, July - August 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Sep 23;71(38):1212-5.Full text  Abstract

268. Cole J, Choudry S, Kular S, et al. Monkeypox encephalitis with transverse myelitis in a female patient. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Dec 2 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

269. UK Health Security Agency. Mpox (monkeypox): semen testing for viral DNA. July 2022 [internet publication].Full text

270. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox: isolation and infection control at home. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

271. UK Health Security Agency. Mpox (monkeypox): people who are isolating at home. September 2022 [internet publication].Full text

272. Meister TL, Tao R, Brüggemann Y, et al. Efficient inactivation of monkeypox virus by World Health Organization-recommended hand rub formulations and alcohols. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Nov 17;29(1).Full text  Abstract

273. Seang S, Burrel S, Todesco E, et al. Evidence of human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox virus. Lancet. 2022 Aug 27;400(10353):658-9.Full text  Abstract

274. Sykes JE. A call for more evidence documenting human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox virus. Lancet. 2022 Sep 24;400(10357):993.Full text  Abstract

275. Shepherd W, Beard PM, Brookes SM, et al. The risk of reverse zoonotic transmission to pet animals during the current global monkeypox outbreak, United Kingdom, June to mid-September 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Sep;27(39).Full text  Abstract

276. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mpox: pets in the home. December 2022 [internet publication].Full text

277. World Health Organization. Second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) Emergency Committee regarding the multi-country outbreak of monkeypox. July 2022 [internet publication].Full text

278. Jacobs JW, Filkins L, Booth GS, et al. The potential impact of monkeypox infection and vaccination on blood donor deferrals and the blood supply. Br J Haematol. 2022 Nov;199(3):443-6.Full text  Abstract

279. Association for the Advancement of Blood and Biotherapies. Regulatory update: TTD committee releases monkeypox virus outbreak summary. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

280. Harvala H, Simmonds P. Evaluating the risk of transfusion and transplant-transmitted monkeypox infections. Transfus Med. 2022 Sep 22 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

281. US Food and Drug Administration. Information for blood establishments regarding the monkeypox virus and blood donation. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

282. US Food and Drug Administration. Safety alert regarding use of fecal microbiota for transplantation and additional safety protections pertaining to monkeypox virus. August 2022 [internet publication].Full text

283. Ianiro G, Mullish BH, Iqbal TH, et al. Minimising the risk of monkeypox virus transmission during faecal microbiota transplantation: recommendations from a European expert panel. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022 Nov;7(11):979-80.Full text  Abstract

284. Pugliese P, Arvieux C, Huleux T, et al. Proposal of the French HIV Society on the CD4 threshold below which patients living with HIV who wish to be vaccinated against monkeypox should receive a 3-dose regimen. Infect Dis Now. 2022 Sep 14 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

285. Adalja A, Inglesby T. A novel international monkeypox outbreak. Ann Intern Med. 2022 Aug;175(8):1175-6.Full text  Abstract

286. Jezek Z, Marennikova SS, Mutumbo M, et al. Human monkeypox: a study of 2,510 contacts of 214 patients. J Infect Dis. 1986 Oct;154(4):551-5. Abstract

287. Payne AB, Ray LC, Kugeler KJ, et al. Incidence of monkeypox among unvaccinated persons compared with persons receiving ≥1 JYNNEOS vaccine dose: 32 U.S. jurisdictions, July 31 - September 3, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Oct 7;71(40):1278-82.Full text  Abstract

288. Sagy YW, Zucker R, Hammerman A, et al. Real-world effectiveness of a single dose of mpox vaccine in males. Nat Med. 2023 Jan 31 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

289. Hazra A, Rusie L, Hedberg T, et al. Human monkeypox virus infection in the immediate period after receiving modified vaccinia Ankara vaccine. JAMA. 2022 Sep 30 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

290. Thy M, Peiffer-Smadja N, Mailhe M, et al. Breakthrough infections after postexposure vaccination against mpox. N Engl J Med. 2022 Dec 29;387(26):2477-9.Full text  Abstract

291. Merad Y, Gaymard A, Cotte L, et al. Outcomes of post-exposure vaccination by modified vaccinia Ankara to prevent mpox (formerly monkeypox): a retrospective observational study in Lyon, France, June to August 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022 Dec;27(50):2200882.Full text  Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer