最近审阅: 28 十月 2020
最近更新: 21 一月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在危险因素
  • 多尿
  • 多饮

其他诊断因素

  • 低龄
  • 体重减轻
  • 视力模糊
  • 恶心和呕吐
  • 腹痛
  • 呼吸急促
  • 昏睡
  • 昏迷

危险因素

  • 遗传易感性
  • 地理区域
  • 感染性病原体
  • 饮食因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 随机血糖
  • 空腹血糖
  • 餐后2小时血糖
  • 血酮或尿酮
  • HbA1c
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 空腹C肽
  • 自身免疫标志物
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Rajesh K. Garg

Professor of Medicine

University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine

Miami

FL

利益声明

RKG is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Varsha Vimalananda

Assistant Professor

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition and Weight Management

Boston University School of Medicine

Boston

Core Investigator

Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research

Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial VA Medical Center

Bedford

MA

利益声明

VV declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Professor

Medicine/Endocrinology

Diabetes and Bone Disease

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

New York

NY

利益声明

ZB declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

University of Melbourne

Melbourne

Australia

Professor

Harold Hamm Oklahoma Diabetes Center

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Oklahoma City

OK

利益声明

AJ has been a (non-salaried) co-investigator on multi-center clinical trials supported by Novo, Eli Lilly, Sanofi-Aventis, and Medtronic. She does not hold any stocks or shares in these companies. She has received a speaker's honorarium from Novo.

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