Tuberculosis pulmonar

Referencias

Artículos principales

American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America. Diagnostic standards and classification of tuberculosis in adults and children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;161:1376-1395.Texto completo  Resumen

Nahid P, Dorman SE, Alipanah N, et al. Official American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guidelines: treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 1;63(7):e147-95.Texto completo  Resumen

Lewinsohn DM, Leonard MK, LoBue PA, et al. Official American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention clinical practice guidelines: diagnosis of tuberculosis in adults and children. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):e1-33.Texto completo  Resumen

World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 5: management of tuberculosis in children and adolescents. Sep 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

Nahid P, Mase SR, Migliori GB, et al. Treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. An official ATS/CDC/ERS/IDSA clinical practice guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Nov 15;200(10):e93-142.Texto completo  Resumen

World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 4: treatment: drug-susceptible tuberculosis treatment. May 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

Uthman OA, Okwundu C, Gbenga K, et al. Optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy initiation for HIV-infected adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jul 7;163(1):32-9. Resumen

World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 4: treatment: drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment. Jun 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

Tuberculosis Trials Consortium. Rifapentine and isoniazid once a week versus rifampicin and isoniazid twice a week for treatment of drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-negative patients: a randomised clinical trial. Lancet. 2002 Aug 17;360(9332):528-34. Resumen

National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Medicine Association, and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America. Controlling tuberculosis in the United States. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Nov 1;172(9):1169-227.Texto completo  Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America. Diagnostic standards and classification of tuberculosis in adults and children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;161:1376-1395.Texto completo  Resumen

2. World Health Organization. Health topics: tuberculosis [internet publication].Texto completo

3. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2022. Oct 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

4. Dye C. Global epidemiology of tuberculosis. Lancet. 2006 Mar 18;367(9514):938-40. Resumen

5. GBD 2019 Tuberculosis Collaborators. Global, regional, and national sex differences in the global burden of tuberculosis by HIV status, 1990-2019: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Feb;22(2):222-41.Texto completo  Resumen

6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Latent TB infection in the United States – published estimates. Jan 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reported tuberculosis in the United States, 2021. Nov 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

8. Lienhardt C. From exposure to disease: the role of environmental factors in susceptibility to an development of tuberculosis. Epidemiol Rev. 2001 Jul;23(2):288-301. Resumen

9. Nahid P, Dorman SE, Alipanah N, et al. Official American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guidelines: treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 1;63(7):e147-95.Texto completo  Resumen

10. Lin HH, Ezzati M, Murray M. Tobacco smoke, indoor air pollution and tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2007 Jan;4(1):e20.Texto completo  Resumen

11. Marks SM, Taylor Z, Qualls NL, et al. Outcomes of contact investigations of infectious tuberculosis patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Dec;162(6):2033-8.Texto completo  Resumen

12. Lewinsohn DM, Leonard MK, LoBue PA, et al. Official American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention clinical practice guidelines: diagnosis of tuberculosis in adults and children. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):e1-33.Texto completo  Resumen

13. Zuber PL, McKenna MT, Binkin NJ, et al. Long-term risk of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons in the United States. JAMA. 1997 Jul 23-30;278(4):304-7. Resumen

14. Markowitz N, Hansen NI, Hopewell PC, et al. Incidence of tuberculosis in the United States among HIV-infected persons. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Jan 15;126(2):123-32. Resumen

15. Toossi Z, Mayanja-Kizza H, Hirsch CS, et al. Impact of tuberculosis on HIV-1 activity in dually infected patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 2001 Feb;123(2):233-8.Texto completo  Resumen

16. Daley CL, Small PM, Schechter GF, et al. An outbreak of tuberculosis with accelerated progression among persons infected with human immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1992 Jan 23;326(4):231-5. Resumen

17. Selwyn PA, Hartel D, Lewis VA, et al. A prospective study of the risk of tuberculosis among intravenous drug users with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1989 Mar 2;320(9):545-50. Resumen

18. Jick SS, Lieberman ES, Rahman MU, et al. Glucocorticoid use, other associated factors, and the risk of tuberculosis. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Feb 15;55(1):19-26. Resumen

19. Wallis RS, Broder MS, Wong JY, et al. Granulomatous infections due to tumor necrosis factor blockade: correction. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 15;39(8):1254-5. Resumen

20. Kamboj M, Sepkowitz KA. The risk of tuberculosis in patients with cancer. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Jun 1;42(11):1592-5. Resumen

21. American Thoracic Society. Targeted tuberculin testing and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Apr;161(4 Pt 2):S221-47.Texto completo  Resumen

22. International Union Against Tuberculosis Committee on Prophylaxis. Efficacy of various durations of isoniazid preventive therapy for tuberculosis: five years of follow-up in the IUAT trial. Bull World Health Organ. 1982;60(4):555-64. Resumen

23. Li M, Chen T, Hua Z, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2021 Oct 30;13(1):127.Texto completo  Resumen

24. Cantwell MF, McKenna MT, McCray E, et al. Tuberculosis and race/ethnicity in the United States, impact of socioeconomic status. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Apr;157(4 Pt 1):1016-20.Texto completo  Resumen

25. Wang EY, Arrazola RA, Mathema B, et al. The impact of smoking on tuberculosis treatment outcomes: a meta-analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2020 Feb 1;24(2):170-5. Resumen

26. Colditz GA, Berkey CS, Mosteller F, et al. The efficacy of bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination of newborns and infants in the prevention of tuberculosis: meta-analyses of the published literature. Pediatrics. 1995 Jul;96(1 Pt 1):29-35. Resumen

27. Mangtani P, Abubakar I, Ariti C, et al. Protection by BCG vaccine against tuberculosis: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb;58(4):470-80.Texto completo  Resumen

28. Katelaris AL, Jackson C, Southern J, et al. Effectiveness of BCG Vaccination Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in Adults: A Cross-sectional Analysis of a UK-Based Cohort. J Infect Dis. 2020 Jan 1;221(1):146-55.Texto completo  Resumen

29. UK Health Security Agency. BCG vaccination programme. Documents relating to the Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination programme. Oct 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

30. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 5: management of tuberculosis in children and adolescents. Sep 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

31. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated guidelines for the use of nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009 Jan 16;58(1):7-10.Texto completo  Resumen

32. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 3: diagnosis: rapid diagnostics for tuberculosis detection. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

33. Zifodya JS, Kreniske JS, Schiller I, et al. Xpert Ultra versus Xpert MTB/RIF for pulmonary tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in adults with presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Feb 22;2:CD009593.Texto completo  Resumen

34. Shapiro AE, Ross JM, Yao M, et al. Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra assays for screening for pulmonary tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in adults, irrespective of signs or symptoms. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Mar 23;3:CD013694.Texto completo  Resumen

35. Pillay S, Steingart KR, Davies GR, et al. Xpert MTB/XDR for detection of pulmonary tuberculosis and resistance to isoniazid, fluoroquinolones, ethionamide, and amikacin. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 May 18;5:CD014841.Texto completo  Resumen

36. Haraka F, Kakolwa M, Schumacher SG, et al. Impact of the diagnostic test Xpert MTB/RIF on patient outcomes for tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 May 6;5:CD012972.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Kay AW, Ness T, Verkuijl SE, et al. Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra assay for tuberculosis disease and rifampicin resistance in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Sep 6;9:CD013359.Texto completo  Resumen

38. Laursen LL, Dahl VN, Wejse C. Stool testing for pulmonary TB diagnosis in adults. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2022 Jun 1;26(6):516-23.Texto completo  Resumen

39. Bjerrum S, Schiller I, Dendukuri N, et al. Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in people living with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Oct 21;10:CD011420.Texto completo  Resumen

40. Nathavitharana RR, Lederer P, Chaplin M, et al. Impact of diagnostic strategies for tuberculosis using lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay in people living with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Aug 20;8:CD014641.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Behr MA, Warren SA, Salamon H, et al. Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients smear-negative for acid-fast bacilli. Lancet. 1999 Feb 6;353(9151):444-9. Resumen

42. Metcalfe JZ, Everett CK, Steingart KR, et al. Interferon-γ release assays for active pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis in adults in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov 15;204 (Suppl 4):S1120-9.Texto completo  Resumen

43. Nolt D, Starke JR. Tuberculosis infection in children and adolescents: testing and treatment. Pediatrics. 2021 Dec 1;148(6):e2021054663.Texto completo  Resumen

44. Pai M, Zwerling A, Menzies D. Systematic review: T-cell-based assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection: an update. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Aug 5;149(3):177-84. Resumen

45. Mazurek GH, Jereb J, Vernon A, et al; IGRA Expert Committee; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated guidelines for using Interferon Gamma Release Assays to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection - United States, 2010. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010 Jun 25;59(RR-5):1-25.Texto completo  Resumen

46. Doherty SD, Van Voorhees A, Lebwohl MG, et al. National Psoriasis Foundation consensus statement on screening for latent tuberculosis infection in patients with psoriasis treated with systemic and biologic agents. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Aug;59(2):209-17. Resumen

47. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 3: diagnosis: tests for TB infection. Sep 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

48. Miller LG, Asch SM, Yu EI, et al. A population-based survey of tuberculosis symptoms: how atypical are atypical presentations. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;30(2):293-9. Resumen

49. Geng E, Kreiswirth B, Burzynski J, et al. Clinical and radiographic correlates of primary and reactivation tuberculosis, a molecular epidemiology study. JAMA. 2005 Jun 8;293(22):2740-5. Resumen

50. Jones BE, Ryu R, Yang Z, et al. Chest radiographic findings in patients with tuberculosis with recent or remote infection. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Oct;156(4 Pt 1):1270-3.Texto completo  Resumen

51. Global Laboratory Initiative. Mycobacteriology laboratory manual. Apr 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

52. Garay SM. Pulmonary tuberculosis. In: Rom WM, Garay SM, eds. Tuberculosis. 2nd ed. New York: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2003:345-94.

53. Pai M, Menzies D. Interferon-release assays: what is their role in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1;44(1):74-7. Resumen

54. Dewan PK, Grinsdale J, Kawamura LM. Low sensitivity of a whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay for detection of active tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1;44(1):69-73. Resumen

55. Biscione F, Cecchini D, Ambrosioni J, et al. Nocardiosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection [in Spanish]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2005 Aug-Sep;23(7):419-23. Resumen

56. Yildiz O, Doganay M. Actinomycoses and Nocardia pulmonary infections. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2006 May;12(3):228-34. Resumen

57. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis (TB) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) 2009 case definition. 2009 [internet publication].Texto completo

58. World Health Organization. Definitions and reporting framework for tuberculosis – 2013 revision (updated December 2014 and January 2020). Jan 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

59. US Preventive Services Task Force. Final recommendation statement latent tuberculosis infection: screening. Sept 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

60. Sosa LE, Njie GJ, Lobato MN, et al. Tuberculosis screening, testing, and treatment of U.S. health care personnel: recommendations from the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association and CDC, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 May 17;68(19):439-43.Texto completo  Resumen

61. Vonasek B, Ness T, Takwoingi Y, et al. Screening tests for active pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jun 28;6:CD013693.Texto completo  Resumen

62. Van't Hoog A, Viney K, Biermann O, et al. Symptom- and chest-radiography screening for active pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-negative adults and adults with unknown HIV status. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Mar 23;3:CD010890.Texto completo  Resumen

63. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 2: screening: systematic screening for tuberculosis disease. Mar 2021[internet publication].Texto completo

64. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 1: prevention: tuberculosis preventive treatment. Mar 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

65. Nahid P, Mase SR, Migliori GB, et al. Treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. An official ATS/CDC/ERS/IDSA clinical practice guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Nov 15;200(10):e93-142.Texto completo  Resumen

66. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 4: treatment: drug-susceptible tuberculosis treatment. May 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

67. Karumbi J, Garner P. Directly observed therapy for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 May 29;2015(5):CD003343.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Jasmer RM, Seaman CB, Gonzalez L, et al. Tuberculosis treatment outcomes: Directly observed therapy compared with self administered therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Sep 1;170(5):561-6.Texto completo  Resumen

69. Burzynski J, Mangan JM, Lam CK, et al. In-person vs electronic directly observed therapy for tuberculosis treatment adherence: a randomized noninferiority trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jan 4;5(1):e2144210.Texto completo  Resumen

70. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 4: treatment: tuberculosis care and support. Jul 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

71. Critchley JA, Orton LC, Pearson F. Adjunctive steroid therapy for managing pulmonary tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Nov 12;2014(11):CD011370.Texto completo  Resumen

72. Abdool Karim SS, Naidoo K, Grobler A, et al. Integration of antiretroviral therapy with tuberculosis treatment. N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 20;365(16):1492-501.Texto completo  Resumen

73. Havlir DV, Kendall MA, Ive P, et al; AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study A5221. Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 20;365(16):1482-91.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Uthman OA, Okwundu C, Gbenga K, et al. Optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy initiation for HIV-infected adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jul 7;163(1):32-9. Resumen

75. Manosuthi W, Kiertiburanakul S, Phoorisri T, et al. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome of tuberculosis among HIV-infected patients receiving antituberculous and antiretroviral therapy. J Infect. 2006 Dec;53(6):357-63. Resumen

76. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA updates warnings for oral and injectable fluoroquinolone antibiotics due to disabling side effects. Dec 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

77. US Food & Drug Administraton. FDA reinforces safety information about serious low blood sugar levels and mental health side effects with fluoroquinolone antibiotics; requires label changes. Jul 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

78. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 4: treatment: drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment. Jun 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

79. World Health Organization. WHO announces updated definitions of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Jan 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

80. World Health Organization. Rapid communication: key changes to the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. May 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

81. Tuberculosis Trials Consortium. Rifapentine and isoniazid once a week versus rifampicin and isoniazid twice a week for treatment of drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-negative patients: a randomised clinical trial. Lancet. 2002 Aug 17;360(9332):528-34. Resumen

82. National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Medicine Association, and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

83. Conradie F, Diacon AH, Ngubane N, et al. Treatment of Highly Drug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 5;382(10):893-902.Texto completo  Resumen

84. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Provisional CDC guidelines for the use and safety monitoring of bedaquiline fumarate (Sirturo) for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2013;62:1-12 (erratum in: MMWR Recomm Rep. 2013;62:906).Texto completo  Resumen

85. Esmail A, Oelofse S, Lombard C, et al. An all-oral 6-month rRegimen for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a multicenter, randomized controlled clinical trial (the NExT study). Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2022 May 15;205(10):1214-27. Resumen

86. Tait DR, Hatherill M, Van Der Meeren O, et al. Final analysis of a trial of M72/AS01E vaccine to prevent tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2019 Dec 19;381(25):2429-39.Texto completo  Resumen

87. World Health Organization. Vaccines and immunization: investigational vaccine candidate M72/AS01E. Jun 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

88. Anyama N, Bracebridge S, Black C, et al. What happens to people diagnosed with tuberculosis? A population-based cohort. Epidemiol Infect. 2007 Oct;135(7):1069-76. Resumen

89. Fielder JF, Chaulk CP, Dalvi M, et al. A high tuberculosis case-fatality rate in a setting of effective tuberculosis control: implications for acceptable treatment success rates. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Dec;6(12):1114-7. Resumen

90. Penner C, Roberts D, Kunimoto D, et al. Tuberculosis as a primary cause of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Mar;151(3 Pt 1):867-72. Resumen

91. American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America. Controlling tuberculosis in the United States. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Nov 1;172(9):1169-227.Texto completo  Resumen

92. Narita M, Ashkin D, Hollender ES, et al. Paradoxical worsening of tuberculosis following antiretroviral therapy in patients with AIDS. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Jul;158(1):157-61.Texto completo  Resumen

93. Cheng V, Ho P, Lee R, et al. Clinical spectrum of paradoxical deterioration during antituberculosis therapy in non-HIV-infected patients. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Nov;21(11):803-9. Resumen

94. Santiago S, Tobias J, Williams AJ. A reappraisal of the causes of hemoptysis. Arch Intern Med. 1991 Dec;151(12):2449-51. Resumen

95. Johnston H, Reisz G. Changing spectrum of hemoptysis. Underlying causes in 148 patients undergoing diagnostic flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Jul;149(7):1666-8. Resumen

96. World Health Organization. Tuberculosis and air travel: guidelines for prevention and control. 2008 [internet publication].Texto completo

97. Abubakar I, Fernandez de la Hoz K. WHO publishes the third edition of guidelines for the prevention and control of air-travel-associated tuberculosis. Euro Surveill. 2008 Jun 5;13(23):18898.Texto completo  Resumen

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