Last reviewed:December 2019
Last updated:December  2019

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • potential exposure to measles
  • unimmunized or vaccine failure
  • fever
  • cough
  • coryza
  • conjunctivitis
  • Koplik spots
  • maculopapular rash

Risk factors

  • exposure to measles virus
  • no prior immunization against measles
  • failure to respond to measles vaccine

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Professor of Pediatrics

Boston University School of Medicine

Boston Medical Center

Boston

MA

Disclosures

EB has received grant funding to her institution from Pfizer for study of an RSV vaccine in pregnant women and funds for travel to an investigator meeting. She has received royalties writing for UptoDate (evaluation of newly arrived immigrants), AAP (parasitic disease treatment), and Elsevier (Immigrant Medicine). EB has received honoraria from the AAP for contribution to the Red Book. She has also received reimbursement for review of malpractice cases, which she declares were not related to measles.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

West Virginia University School of Medicine

Morgantown

WV

Disclosures

LN is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Associate Residency Program Director

University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

Disclosures

AS declares that she has no competing interests.

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