Preventable by immunisation but high levels of coverage are required to prevent outbreaks of disease from occurring.
No specific treatment for measles is available except for supportive care.
Complications of measles are more common in immunocompromised and poorly nourished individuals and include pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, otitis media, and encephalitis.
Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by measles virus, characterised by a maculopapular rash, cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik's spots) with an incubation period of about 10 days.
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Professor of Pediatrics
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston Medical Center
EB has received grant funding to her institution from Pfizer for study of an RSV vaccine in pregnant women and funds for travel to an investigator meeting. She has received royalties writing for UptoDate (evaluation of newly arrived immigrants), AAP (parasitic disease treatment), and Elsevier (Immigrant Medicine). EB has received honoraria from the AAP for contribution to the Red Book. She has also received reimbursement for review of malpractice cases, which she declares were not related to measles.
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
West Virginia University School of Medicine
LN is an author of a reference cited in this topic.
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Associate Residency Program Director
University of Chicago
AS declares that she has no competing interests.
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