- 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
- 腹部 X 线检查
Satish Rao, MD, PhD, FRCP (Lon), FACG, AGAF
Professor of Medicine
Chief, Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Director, Digestive Health Center and Neurogastroenterology and GI Motility
Medical College of Georgia
Georgia Regents University
SR serves on the advisory board for Smartpill Corporation, Greenwood Pharmaceuticals, Forest Research Institute, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals of North America. SR is an author of a reference cited in this topic.
Amol Sharma, MD, MS
Section of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
AS declares that he is on the advisory board for Ironwood Pharmaceuticals.
Dr Satish Rao and Dr Amol Sharma would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Humberto Sifuentes and Dr Ashok Attaluri, previous contributors to this topic. HS declares that he has no competing interests. AA is an author of one reference cited in this topic.
Stefan Muller-Lissner, MD
Abteilung fur Innere Medizin
SML declares that he has no competing interests.
Eamonn M.M. Quigley, MD, FRCP, FACP, FACG, FRCPI
Professor of Medicine and Human Physiology
Department of Medicine
Clinical Sciences Building
Cork University Hospital
EMMQ has served as a consultant or on advisory boards for the following companies: Sucampo, Movetis, Norgine, Procter and Gamble, Boehringer Ingelheim, Reckitts Benckiser, Schering, Novartis, Salix, Ironwood, and McNeill Consumer Health and has been paid for his time involved. EMMQ is an author of several references cited in this topic.
Ned Snyder, MD
Chief of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch