Last reviewed: September 2018
Last updated: May  2018

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • persistent cough
  • dry cough
  • prolonged symptoms
  • fever
  • pneumonia on physical examination
  • exposure to a person with respiratory tract infection

Other diagnostic factors

  • throat involvement
  • rash
  • headache
  • bullous myringitis
  • hepatitis

Risk factors

  • close community settings
  • recent exposure
  • cigarette smoking
  • immunosuppression
  • asplenia
  • age <30

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • WBC count
  • haemoglobin
  • LFTs
  • oxygen saturation
  • urea
  • CXR
Full details

Investigations to consider

  • PCR
  • serology
  • nasopharyngeal viral cultures
  • culture/Gram stain
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Ran Nir-Paz

Associate Professor in Medicine

Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center

Jerusalem

Israel

Disclosures

RNP is an author of several references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Director

Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hygiene

Dresden

Germany

Disclosures

EJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Research Scientist

Pediatric Infectious Disease

California Department of Public Health

Viral and Rickettsial Disease Laboratory

Richmond

CA

Disclosures

LC declares that she has no competing interests.

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