最近审阅: 8 二月 2021
最近更新: 26 八月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 发热
  • 重体力活动
  • 泌尿道感染
  • 泌尿系统出血
  • 直立性蛋白尿
  • 轻微改变型肾病
  • 局灶节段性肾小球硬化症
  • 膜性肾病
  • 膜增生性肾小球肾炎
  • IgA 肾病
  • 系统性红斑狼疮
  • 感染后肾小球肾炎
  • 急性肾小管损伤
  • 间质性肾炎
  • 尿路梗阻
  • 代谢综合征
  • 糖尿病肾病
  • 高血压
  • 中-小血管炎
  • 横纹肌溶解症(肌红蛋白尿)

不常见

  • 妊娠
  • 淀粉样变性
  • 轻链-重链沉积病
  • 纤维样和免疫触须样肾小球病
  • 抗肾小球基底膜(抗 GBM)病(Goodpasture 综合征)
  • Fanconi 综合征
  • 囊性肾病
  • 高钙尿
  • Dent 病
  • 马兜铃酸肾病
  • 轻链管型肾病
  • Fabry 病
  • 溶血性尿毒症综合征 (HUS)
  • 血栓性血小板减少性紫癜 (TTP)
  • 硬皮病肾危象
  • 重金属中毒
  • 特发性结节性肾小球硬化
  • 单克隆 IgG 沉积物增殖性肾小球肾炎
  • 多肌炎
  • 肾静脉血栓

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Medicine/Nephrology

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Madison

WI

利益声明

SW declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Sana Waheed would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Derek M. Fine and Dr C. John Sperati, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

DMF is an author of a reference cited in this topic. CJS declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Associate Professor

Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven

CT

利益声明

MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Division of Nephrology

University of Tennessee

Memphis

TN

利益声明

AS declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Nephrology

Institute of Urology and Nephrology

University College London

London

UK

利益声明

GN declares that he has no competing interests.

Senior Lecturer in Renal Medicine

Division of Medicine

Imperial College London

UK

利益声明

FT has received travelling grants from Amgen, MSD, Novartis, and Roche to attend International Nephrology conferences. He has also received research grants from Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council UK, Baxter Biosciences, and Roche Palo Alto. He has also provided consultancy to research work with GE Healthcare and Baxter Biosciences.

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