最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 28 四月 2017

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 恶心/呕吐
  • 腹泻
  • 发热

其他诊断因素

  • 肌痛
  • 头痛
  • 腹部压痛
  • 血容量不足的体征
  • 肠鸣音过度活跃
  • 沙门氏菌感染家族史

危险因素

  • 食物接触
  • 年龄两极(<12个月和>50岁)
  • 免疫抑制状态
  • 低胃酸
  • 接触有症状的沙门氏菌患者
  • 动物接触
  • 抗生素使用
  • 糖尿病控制不佳
  • 慢性肉芽肿病
  • 铁过载
  • 营养不良

诊断性检查

治疗流程

急性处理
进行中

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Infectious Diseases

University of California San Diego

San Diego

CA

利益声明

MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief of Infectious Diseases

Departments of Medicine and Pathology

University of California San Diego School of Medicine

San Diego

CA

利益声明

JF is an author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Dr Michael Preziosi and Dr Joshua Fierer would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone, a previous contributor to this monograph. NFCC declares that she has no competing interests.

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Chief Medical Officer

Director of Food Safety and Security

US Food and Drug Administration

Rockville

MD

利益声明

DA declares that he has no competing interests.

Deputy State Epidemiologist

Communicable and Environmental Disease Services

Tennessee Department of Health

Nashville

TN

利益声明

TJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Head of Division

Division for Public Health

Austrian Agency for Health & Food Safety

Vienna

Austria

利益声明

FA declares that he has no competing interests.

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