最后审阅: 28 九月 2021
最后更新: 30 七月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 恶心/呕吐
  • 腹泻
  • 发热

其他诊断因素

  • 肌痛
  • 头痛
  • 腹部压痛
  • 血容量不足的体征
  • 肠鸣音过度活跃
  • 沙门氏菌感染家族史

危险因素

  • 食物接触
  • 年龄两极(<12个月和>50岁)
  • 免疫抑制状态
  • 低胃酸
  • 接触有症状的沙门氏菌患者
  • 动物接触
  • 抗生素使用
  • 糖尿病控制不佳
  • 慢性肉芽肿病
  • 铁过载
  • 营养不良

诊断性检查

治疗流程

急症处理
持续性治疗

撰稿人

作者

William A. Petri, Jr, MD, PhD, FACP
William A. Petri, Jr

Wade Hampton Frost Professor of Epidemiology

Professor of Medicine, Microbiology, and Pathology

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health

University of Virginia

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

WAP declares that he has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr William A Petri would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael Preziosi, Dr Joshua Fierer, and Dr Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone, previous contributors to this topic. JF and NFCC are authors of references cited in this topic. MP declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者

David Acheson, MD

Chief Medical Officer

Director of Food Safety and Security

US Food and Drug Administration

Rockville

MD

利益声明

DA declares that he has no competing interests.

Timothy Jones, MD

Deputy State Epidemiologist

Communicable and Environmental Disease Services

Tennessee Department of Health

Nashville

TN

利益声明

TJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Franz Allerberger, MD, MPH

Head of Division

Division for Public Health

Austrian Agency for Health & Food Safety

Vienna

Austria

利益声明

FA declares that he has no competing interests.

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