最近审阅: 30 十月 2020
最近更新: 31 十二月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 盆腔疼痛
  • 胀气和早饱感
  • 可触及的附件肿块

危险因素

  • 绝经前年龄组
  • 早发月经初潮
  • 妊娠早期
  • 不孕症或多囊卵巢综合征个人史
  • 内源性或外源性促性腺激素增加
  • 他莫昔芬治疗
  • 吸烟
  • 子宫内膜异位症个人或家族史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 经阴道超声检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 血清癌抗原(Cancer Antigen, CA)-125
  • 腹部/盆腔彩色能量多普勒超声
  • 腹部/盆腔 MRI
  • 腹部/骨盆 CT 影像学检查
  • 核型分析
  • 腹腔镜检查/剖腹手术和组织病理学检查
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 腹部/骨盆 PET 影像学检查
  • 血清生化标志物(卵巢附件肿块评估评分检测系统)
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Michael P. Hopkins

Professor and Chairman

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Northeast Ohio Medical University

Aultman Health Foundation OB/GYN Residency

Canton

OH

利益声明

MPH declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Michael P. Hopkins would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Christina N. Kufel, Dr Lauren M. Blue, Dr Jay R. Patibandla, and Dr Laura K. Randolph, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

CNK, LMB, JRP, and LKR declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Consultant in Family Medicine

Parker D Sanders and Isabella Sanders Professor of Primary Care

Rochester

MN

利益声明

JB declares that he has no competing interests.

Chair

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Virginia Commonwealth University

Richmond

VA

利益声明

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist

Birmingham Women's Hospital

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Birmingham

UK

利益声明

TJC declares that he has no competing interests.

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