最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 05 五月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 呕吐
  • 严重腹泻
  • 泻药和洗肠剂的使用
  • 神经性贪食
  • 神经性厌食症
  • 药源性毛囊炎
  • 酗酒
  • 糖尿病酮症酸中毒
  • 非酮症性高血糖症
  • 肾小管性酸中毒(RTA)
  • 炎热气候中锻炼
  • 重症疾病的应激反应

不常见

  • 绒毛状腺瘤
  • 血管活性肠肽瘤
  • 回肠袢导管与输尿管植入物
  • 透析或血浆置换
  • 原发性醛固酮增多症
  • 明显盐皮质激素过多
  • 库欣综合征
  • 低镁血症
  • 低钾血症性周期性麻痹
  • 中枢性尿崩症
  • 由于11-β-羟化酶缺陷导致的先天性肾上腺增生
  • 巴特尔综合征
  • 吉特曼综合征
  • Liddle's 综合征
  • 干燥综合征相关肾病
  • 狼疮性肾炎
  • 烧伤
  • 大面积的湿疹
  • 大面积银屑病
  • 囊性纤维化(CF)
  • 原发性(通常是精神性的)烦渴
  • 低体温症

撰稿人

Professor of Medicine

University of Iowa

Des Moines Internal Medicine Residency Training Program

Staff Endocrinologist

Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Des Moines

IA

利益声明

UK is an author of references cited in this topic.

Dr Udaya Kabadi would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sumit Sharma and Dr Preeti Agrawal, previous contributors to this monograph. SS and PA declare that they have no competing interests.

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Assistant Professor

Department of Internal Medicine

Division of Nephrology

University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics

Iowa City

IA

利益声明

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine

Chicago Medical School

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science

Associate Program Director

Department of Medicine

Mount Sinai Hospital

Chicago

IL

利益声明

SCH declares that he has no competing interests.

Nephrologist

Aristotle University

Thessaloniki

Greece

利益声明

DK declares that he has no competing interests.

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