最近审阅: 4 十一月 2020
最近更新: 20 十一月 2019

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 中枢性尿崩症
  • 高渗性高血糖状态 (HHS)
  • 肾性尿崩症
  • 严重腹泻
  • 呕吐
  • 摄水受限

不常见

  • 原发性渴感减退
  • 库欣综合征
  • 原发性醛固酮增多症
  • 梗阻后利尿
  • 泻药和洗肠剂的使用
  • 肠瘘
  • 利尿剂
  • 热暴露
  • 体育锻炼
  • 发热
  • 重度烧伤
  • 婴儿母乳不足
  • 盐摄入
  • 高蛋白饮食
  • 采用静脉注射氯化钠
  • 采用静脉注射碳酸氢钠
  • 肠道喂养

撰稿人

Associate Professor of Medicine

University of Florida

College of Medicine Jacksonville

Jacksonville

FL

利益声明

GM declares that she has no competing interests.

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Consultant and Senior Lecturer in Endocrinology

Endocrine Unit

Royal Victoria Infirmary

Newcastle

UK

利益声明

RQ declares that he has no competing interests.

PhD Biochemist

Department of Microbiology

Medical School

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki

Greece

利益声明

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Division of Nephrology

Department of Pediatrics

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

利益声明

MLM declares that he has no competing interests.

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