最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 28 十一月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 发热性疾病
  • 癫痫发作

危险因素

  • 体温升高
  • 低龄
  • 男性
  • 热性惊厥家族史
  • 中枢神经系统以外的病毒或细菌感染
  • 疫苗接种
  • 产前接触尼古丁
  • 铁缺乏症
  • 孕期、生产和分娩并发症

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 腰椎穿刺:
  • 病毒检测
  • 血液培养
  • 脑电图 (EEG)
  • 脑部 MRI
  • 血清钠
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 血清葡萄糖
  • 铁分析检测
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant Paediatric Neurologist

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

LM has received funding from drug companies (e.g., Eisai) to attend medical conferences and been invited to an educational symposium (Novartis, LivaNova).

Paediatric Specialist Trainee

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

FM declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Leena Mewasingh and Dr Frances Morrison wish to gratefully acknowledge Dr John J. Millichap and Dr J. Gordon Millichap, previous contributors to this topic. JJM serves as an Associate Editor of Neurology and serves on the editorial board of Pediatric Neurology Briefs; volunteers on the medical advisory board of The Jack Pribaz Foundation (KCNQ2.org); received speaker honoraria from Invitae; received royalties for online monographs from Up-To-Date; served on the scientific advisory board for Mallinckrodt; is principal investigator for a clinical trial funded by UCB Pharma; and is the principal investigator for research grants from Citizens United for Research in Epilepsy and the Thrasher Research Fund. JJM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic. JGM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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Professor

Department of Neurology

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

RSR declares that he has no competing interests.

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