最后审阅: 5 十一月 2021
最后更新: 10 三月 2021

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 酒精性肝病
  • 胆总管结石
  • 甲型肝炎
  • 乙型肝炎
  • 丙型肝炎
  • 药物性肝损伤
  • 逆行性胆管炎
  • 胰腺癌
  • 肝转移
  • 溶血性贫血
  • 失代偿期肝硬化
  • 急性肝衰竭
  • 慢加急性肝衰竭

不常见

  • Gilbert 综合征
  • 戊型肝炎
  • 丁型肝炎
  • 钩端螺旋体病
  • 免疫球蛋白 G4 (IgG4) 胆管病
  • 胆管癌
  • 肝细胞肝癌
  • 术后狭窄
  • 原发性硬化性胆管炎
  • 原发性胆汁性胆管炎
  • Wilson 病(肝豆状核变性)
  • 遗传性血色病
  • α-1 抗胰蛋白酶缺乏
  • 寄生虫感染
  • 艾滋病胆管病
  • 心衰

撰稿人

作者

Janisha Patel, BSc, PhD, MBChB

Consultant Hepatologist

University Hospital Southampton

Southampton

UK

利益声明

JP declares that she has no competing interests.

Alex Smith, MBChB MRCP

Hepatology Specialist Registrar

University Hospital Southampton

Southampton

UK

利益声明

AS declares that he has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Janisha Patel and Dr Alex Smith would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Rene Ramnarace, Dr Harry R. Dalton, Dr Peter Draganov, and Dr Grant F. Hutchins, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

RR, HRD, PD, and GFH declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Jeffrey S. Upperman, MD, FACS, FAAP

Associate Professor of Surgery

Division of General Pediatric Surgery; Director of the Trauma Program

Children's Hospital

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

JSU declares that he has no competing interests.

Grant Sanders, MBBS

Consultant

Laparoscopic Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeon

Derriford Hospital

Plymouth

UK

利益声明

GS declares that he has no competing interests.

Jawad Ahmad, MD, FRCP, FAASLD

Professor of Medicine

Division of Liver Diseases

Mount Sinai Hospital

New York

NY

利益声明

JA declares that he has no competing interests.

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