最后审核时间: 一月 2020
最近更新时间: 四月  2017

小结

定义

病史和查体

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 咳嗽
  • 流感样疾病
  • 呼吸困难
  • 发热
  • 干、湿啰音
  • 哮鸣音
  • 呼吸音降低
  • 呼吸急促

其他诊断因素

  • 腹痛,呕吐,腹泻
  • 精神状态改变
  • 癫痫

危险因素

  • 密切接触受感染的鸟类
  • 近期前往存在 HPAI-H5N1 病毒感染的国家/地区旅行
  • H5N1的环境暴露
  • 与受感染的人密切接触
  • 接触H5N1病毒的实验室工作人员

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 全血计数分类
  • 肝功检查
  • 胸片
  • 脉搏血氧饱和度
  • 痰菌革兰染色
  • 痰菌培养和血培养
  • 呼吸道样本行逆转录-PCR检测 H5N1病毒和甲型、乙型流感病毒
更多 首要检查

新兴检查

  • H5N1特异性抗体的血清学检测用于回顾性诊断
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

贡献者

Affiliate Assistant Professor of Medicine & Global Health

University of Washington

Seattle

WA

利益冲突披露

JRO declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief Medical Officer

Influenza Division

National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Atlanta

GA

利益冲突披露

TMU declares that he has no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Medical Director of Infection Control

Infectious Disease

Department of Medicine

SUNY Upstate Medical University

Syracuse

NY

利益冲突披露

WJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Belgium

利益冲突披露

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine

Associate

Center for Health Policy/Center for Primary Care & Outcomes Research

Stanford University School of Medicine

Stanford

CA

利益冲突披露

NK declares that she has no competing interests.

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