最近审阅: 29 十月 2020
最近更新: 15 五月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在危险因素
  • 耳痛
  • 曾有上呼吸道感染症状
  • 鼓膜隆起
  • 鼓膜炎

其他诊断因素

  • 易激惹
  • 睡眠障碍
  • 发热
  • 食欲下降

危险因素

  • 日间托儿所托管
  • 年龄更大的同胞
  • 低龄
  • 家族史
  • 美洲或阿拉斯加土著人
  • 男性
  • 没有母乳喂养
  • 仰卧位喂养(使用奶瓶托架)
  • 使用安抚奶嘴
  • 环境中的烟草烟雾
  • 社会经济状况较差
  • 颅面畸形
  • 免疫缺陷

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 声导抗检查
  • 声反射检查
  • 细菌培养
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Pediatric Associates of Charlottesville PLC

Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatrics

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

CEA is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Dr Carlos E. Armengol would like to gratefully acknowledge the late Professor J. Owen Hendley, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

JOH declared that he had no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Chief

ENT Department

Istanbul Training and Research Hospital

Istanbul

Turkey

利益声明

OY declares that he has no competing interests.

Retired Consultant Paediatric Otolaryngologist

Formerly at Sheffield Children's Hospital

Sheffield

UK

利益声明

PB declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Professor of Pediatrics

Georgetown University and George Washington University School of Medicine

Professor of Pediatrics

Medical College of Virginia

Clinical Professor

University of Virginia Medical College

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

At the time of the peer review, RS declared no competing interests. We have been informed that Dr Schwartz is now deceased.

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