最后审阅: 24 六月 2021
最后更新: 06 八月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 主动脉瘤
  • 非霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 转移癌
  • 胸腺瘤
  • 肺癌

不常见

  • 主动脉夹层
  • 霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 纵隔生殖细胞肿瘤:精原细胞瘤
  • 纵隔生殖细胞肿瘤:非精原细胞瘤
  • 胸腺癌
  • 原发性气管肿瘤
  • 神经源性肿瘤
  • 甲状腺肿瘤
  • 胸骨后甲状腺肿
  • 急性淋巴细胞白血病
  • 慢性淋巴细胞性白血病
  • 心包囊肿
  • 支气管源性囊肿
  • 食管囊肿(包括食管重复囊肿)
  • 纵隔生殖细胞瘤:成熟畸胎瘤

撰稿人

作者

Ashok Muniappan, MD

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Division of Thoracic Surgery

Massachusetts General Hospital

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

利益声明

AM declares that he has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Ashok Muniappan would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr John Kucharczuk, Dr Mario Gasparri, and Dr Nicholas Choong, the previous contributors to this topic. JK, MG, and NC declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Marc Baker, MD, PhD

Cardiology Fellow

Department of Internal Medicine

Cardiology Division

University of Rochester

Rochester

NY

利益声明

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

Abe DeAnda Jr., MD, FACS, FAHA

University Associate Professor

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director Aortic Surgery

Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

利益声明

AD declares that he has no competing interests.

Shahab A. Akhter, MD

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Section of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery

The University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

利益声明

SAA declares that he has no competing interests.

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