最近审阅: 25 九月 2020
最近更新: 13 六月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 血尿(肉眼或镜下)
  • 排尿困难

危险因素

  • 烟草暴露
  • 接触化学致癌剂
  • 年龄 > 55 岁
  • 盆腔放疗
  • 全身化疗
  • 2 型糖尿病
  • 血吸虫感染
  • 男性
  • 慢性膀胱炎症
  • 阳性家族史

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 尿液细胞学检查
  • 肾脏和膀胱超声
  • CT 尿路造影
  • 膀胱镜检查
  • 静脉尿路造影
  • 全血细胞计数(FBC)
  • 生化检查(包括碱性磷酸酶)
  • 胸部 X 线检查(CXR)
  • 腹部和盆腔 CT
  • 腹部和盆腔 MRI
  • 核磁共振尿路造影
  • 骨扫描
  • 尿液标志物
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Director

BCG Oncology

Clinical Professor

University of Arizona

Phoenix

AZ

利益声明

DL is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Dr Donald Lamm would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Mary Heeley, the previous contributor to this monograph. MH declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Consultant Urological Surgeon

Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

London

UK

利益声明

JM declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Urologist

North Hampshire Hospital

Basingstoke

UK

利益声明

HM has received honoraria from GE Healthcare and Kyowa Kirin UK.

Clinical Instructor of Urology

The James Buchanan Brady Urologic Institute

The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

TG declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Urological Surgeon

Honorary Senior Lecturer

Department of Urology

The Royal Free & University College Medical School

London

UK

利益声明

AK declares that he has no competing interests.

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