最近审阅: 5 十一月 2020
最近更新: 28 七月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 牙科(牙周)疾病
  • 上呼吸道感染
  • 抗菌剂/降压药物治疗
  • 头颈部化疗/放疗
  • 牙齿手术操作损伤
  • 扁桃体切除术
  • 中耳手术
  • 贝尔氏麻痹症
  • 与药物有关
  • 口腔灼热综合征

不常见

  • 慢性中耳感染
  • 2019 冠状病毒病(COVID-19)
  • 上呼吸道镜检
  • 口腔手术
  • 颅骨手术
  • Hunt综合征
  • 卒中
  • 头部创伤
  • 帕金森病
  • 阿尔茨海默氏痴呆
  • 肌萎缩侧索硬化
  • 多发性硬化
  • 癫痫
  • 重症肌无力
  • 格林-巴利综合征
  • 干燥综合征
  • 肾功能不全
  • 肝衰竭
  • 糖尿病
  • 甲状腺功能减退
  • 桥小脑角肿瘤
  • 副肿瘤综合征
  • 铁缺乏
  • 维生素 B12 缺乏症
  • 锌缺乏症

撰稿人

Associate Professor

Weill Cornell Medical College

Division of Oncology

New York

NY

利益声明

AB declares that he has no competing interests.

Consulting Staff

Director of Oral Health Services

Division of Head and Neck Surgery

Professor of Oral Medicine

Department of Surgery

City of Hope

Duarte

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

JE declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Andrei Barasch and Dr Joel Epstein would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Stéphanie Collet, Dr Basile Nicolas Landis, and Dr Philippe Rombaux, previous contributors to this topic. SC is an author of a reference cited in this topic. BNL has been reimbursed for speaking on olfactory disorders at a neuroscience meeting in Switzerland and is an author of a number of references cited in this topic. PR is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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ENT Specialist

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

University of Dresden Medical School

Dresden

Germany

利益声明

VG declares that he has no competing interests.

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