翼状胬肉

最后审阅: 21 四月 2022
最后更新: 15 十二月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 翼状结膜样组织生长在角膜表面
  • 长期紫外线暴露史
  • 眼部刺激征、烧灼感、流泪
更多 关键诊断因素

其他诊断因素

  • 改变眼部美观
  • 视力模糊
  • 复视
其他诊断因素

危险因素

  • 长期紫外线暴露
  • 翼状胬肉家族史
  • 长期眼部刺激
  • 人类乳头状瘤病毒和埃波斯坦病毒感染
更多 危险因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 裂隙灯检查
  • 荧光染色
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

急症处理

无症状

眼部刺激、烧灼感或瘙痒:无视力损害、生长迅速,或有美观方面的顾虑

视力障碍或迅速扩大或影响美观

持续性治疗

复发性翼状胬肉

撰稿人

作者

David O'Brart, MBBS, DO, MD, FRCS, FRCOphth
David O'Brart

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Professor of Corneal Science

Kings College

University of London

London

UK

利益声明

DB holds a non-commercial research grant with Rayner Ltd. through his NHS Trust for cataract surgery research within the NHS. He has equity in the medical imaging company Sparca Inc. and is on their medical advisory board. DB is currently negotiating with Johnson and Johnson for a non-commercial research grant for further cataract surgery research within the NHS. DB has held non-commercial research grants with Alcon Inc. and Avedro Inc. (now Glaukos Inc.) in the past 5 years for research within the NHS through his NHS Trust. He is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

同行评议者

Carlos E. Diaz, MD

Assistant Professor

Department of Ophthalmology

University of Texas Health Science Center

San Antonio

TX

利益声明

CED is a speaker for Bio-Tissue, the developer of Amniograft amniotic membrane.

Robert E. MacLaren, DPhil, DipEd, FRCOphth, FRCS

Professor of Ophthalmology

Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology

University Of Oxford

John Radcliffe Hospital

Oxford

UK

利益声明

REM declares that he has no competing interests.

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