最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 18 七月 2016

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 面部或全身性水肿
  • 年龄>1 岁但<8 岁

其他诊断因素

  • 正常血压
  • 无血尿
  • 近期病毒性疾病史
  • 呼吸困难
  • 淋巴瘤或白血病史

危险因素

  • 年龄>1 岁但<8 岁
  • 霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 白血病
  • 近期病毒性疾病
  • 乙型肝炎或丙型肝炎感染
  • 低出生体重 (LBW)

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 尿液分析
  • 24 h尿蛋白
  • 尿蛋白/肌酐比率
  • 血清白蛋白水平
  • 血清血脂谱
  • 血清补体水平
  • 血清电解质检查
  • 肾小球滤过率
  • 血清肝功能检查
  • 肾脏超声
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 胸部 X 线片
  • 肾活组织检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Mehul P. Dixit

Professor and Chief Medical Director

Pediatric Dialysis & Renal Transplantation

Pediatric Nephrology

Department of Pediatrics

Blair E. Batson Hospital for Children

University of Mississippi Medical Center

Jackson

MS

利益声明

MPD declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Mehul P. Dixit would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Robert Mathias, a previous contributor to this monograph. RM is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Associate Professor of Paediatrics and Paediatric Nephrologist

Department of Maternal and Child Health

Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine

University of KwaZulu-Natal

Durban

South Africa

利益声明

RB is an author of a reference cited in the monograph.

Professor of Pediatrics

Vice Chairman for Affiliate & Network Affairs

Chief, Section on Nephrology

Division of Pediatric Nephrology

Children's Hospital at Montefiore of Albert Einstein College of Medicine

New York

NY

利益声明

FJK declares that he has no competing interests.

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