最后审阅: 18 九月 2021
最后更新: 29 四月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 其他家庭成员患有疾病

其他诊断因素

  • 发热
  • 不适感
  • 头痛
  • 咳嗽
  • 咽痛
  • 啰音
  • 呼吸急促
  • 咽炎
  • 结膜炎
  • 肝肿大
  • 意识模糊
  • 心动过速
  • 脾肿大

危险因素

  • 暴露于被感染的鸟类和哺乳动物
  • 幼儿
  • 老年人
  • 免疫功能低下

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 白细胞计数和分类计数
  • 肝功能检查
  • 聚合酶链反应 (PCR)
  • 胸部 X 线检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

作者

Deborah Dean, MD, MPH
Deborah Dean

Director

Children’s Global Health Initiative

Senior Scientist

Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development

Professor of Medicine

University of California at San Francisco and Berkeley

Faculty, the UC Berkeley - UCSF Graduate Program in Bioengineering

Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute

Oakland

CA

利益声明

DD is an author of some references cited in this topic.

同行评议者

Servaas Morre, PhD

Head of Laboratory of Immunogenetics

VU University Medical Center

Department of Pathology

Laboratory of Immunogenetics

Amsterdam

Netherlands

利益声明

SM declares that he has no competing interests.

William A. Petri, Jr., MD, PhD, FACP

Chief and Professor of Medicine

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

WAP declares that he has no competing interests.

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