湿疹

最后审阅: 26 八月 2022
最后更新: 08 二月 2022

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 瘙痒
  • 皮肤干燥
  • 皮肤受累部位
更多 关键诊断因素

其他诊断因素

  • 红斑
  • 鳞屑脱落
  • 水疱
  • 丘疹
  • 毛周角化症
  • 抓痕
  • 苔藓样变
  • 色素减退
其他诊断因素

危险因素

  • 丝聚蛋白基因突变
  • 年龄<5 岁
  • 湿疹家族史
  • 变应性鼻炎
  • 哮喘
  • 主动和被动吸烟
更多 危险因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 临床诊断
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • IgE水平
  • 皮肤点刺试验
  • 斑片试验
  • 皮肤活检
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急症处理

急性发作

持续性治疗

慢性或复发性疾病(非难治性)

难治性慢性或复发性疾病

撰稿人

作者

Adelaide A. Hebert, MD

Professor & Director of Pediatric Dermatology

Clinical Specialist

Department of Dermatology and Pediatrics

University of Texas Health Sciences Center in Houston

Houston

TX

利益声明

AAH serves on the board of the International Hyperhidrosis Society and the American Academy of Dermatology; consults for Pfizer, Galderma, LaRoche Posay, Arcutis, Incyte, Vyne, Varrica, Beiersdorf, Aslan, and Ortho Dermatologics; has undertaken or is undertaking contractual research for Pfizer, Galderma, Ortho Dermatologics, Aslan, Leo, Mayne, Arcutis, Incyte, Verrica, Novan, Brickell, and Almirall; is on the data safety monitoring boards for GSK, Regeneron, and Sanofi; and is on the speakers' bureaux for Pfizer, Almirall, and Galderma.

Eugenio G. Galindo, MD

Dermatology Clinical Research Fellow

UTHealth McGovern Medical School

Houston

TX

利益声明

EGG declares that he has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Adelaide A. Hebert and Dr Eugenio G. Galindo would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Quoc-Bao D. Nguyen, Dr Mary D. DarConte, Dr Christina M. Gelbard, and Dr Daniel A. Grabella, previous contributors to this topic. QNN, MDD, CMG, and DAG declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Amor Khachemoune, MD

Assistant Professor

New York University School of Medicine

NY

利益声明

AK declares that he has no competing interests.

John English, MBBS, FRCP

Consultant Dermatologist

Department of Dermatology

Queen's Medical Centre

Nottingham University Hospitals

Nottingham

UK

利益声明

JE declares that he has no competing interests.

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