最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 14 二月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 自出生以来出现
  • 直径大于 5 mm 的不对称、模糊或者边界不规则、颜色易变的丘疹
  • 形状和颜色变化史
  • 无症状(通常)
  • 多处病变
  • 棕色平坦斑点
  • 圆顶形丘疹
  • 浅棕色背景,其中具有斑点状暗棕色的斑
  • 蓝灰色圆顶形丘疹
  • 中心粉色到棕色的丘疹,周围是脱色的白色环
  • 微粉色到棕色的丘疹

危险因素

  • 遗传易感性
  • 紫外线暴露
  • 白皙皮肤
  • 年龄:更大的儿童和年轻成人

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 无创成像技术
  • 全身照片
  • 活检
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Jason B. Lee

Professor of Dermatology & Cutaneous Biology

Clinical Vice-Chair

Director of Dermatopathology Fellowship

Director of Pigmented Lesion Clinic

Thomas Jefferson University

Philadelphia

PA

利益声明

JBL declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Jason B. Lee would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Laurel R. Schwartz, a previous contributor to this topic. LRS declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Professor

Department of Medicine

Medical College of Ohio

Toledo

OH

利益声明

CGB declares that he has no competing interests.

Dermatologist

Cutaneous Pathology

WCP Laboratories

Missouri

MO

利益声明

MH declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Dermatologist

West Herts NHS Trust and King's College London

London

UK

利益声明

VB declares that she has no competing interests.

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