最后审阅: 7 十一月 2021
最后更新: 24 六月 2021

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 传染性单核细胞增多症(EB病毒)
  • HIV
  • 腺病毒
  • 巨细胞病毒 (CMV)
  • 带状疱疹
  • 链球菌性咽炎

不常见

  • 非霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 转移性实体瘤
  • 药物相关的淋巴结肿大
  • 血清病
  • 移植物抗宿主病 (GVHD)
  • 人类t细胞白血病毒1(HTLV-1)
  • 腮腺炎
  • 麻疹
  • 乙型肝炎
  • 丙型肝炎
  • 猫抓病
  • 结核病 (TB)
  • 麻风
  • 鸟型结核分枝杆菌细胞内感染 (MAI)
  • 梅毒
  • 土拉菌病
  • 布鲁菌病
  • 落矶山斑点热
  • 组织胞浆菌病
  • 球孢子菌病
  • 隐球菌病
  • 性病性淋巴肉芽肿 (LGV)
  • 弓形虫病
  • 利什曼病
  • 系统性红斑狼疮 (SLE)
  • 类风湿关节炎
  • 皮肌炎
  • 干燥综合征
  • 结节病
  • 克罗恩病
  • 川崎病
  • 卡斯尔曼病(血管滤泡性淋巴结增生)
  • 菊地氏病(组织细胞的坏死性淋巴结炎)
  • 炎性假瘤
  • 生发中心进行性转化
  • Rosai-Dorfman病(巨淋巴结病性窦组织细胞增生症)
  • 风疹
  • 生殖器疱疹
  • 软下疳
  • 钩端螺旋体病
  • 硅肺病

撰稿人

作者

Jennie Y. Law, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Hematology/Oncology

Department of Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore, MD USA

利益声明

JYL declares that she has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Jennie Y. Law would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael E. Bromberg and Dr Efrat Dotan, previous contributors to this topic. MB and ED declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Daniel Hodson, BM BCh

Principal Investigator, Medical Research Council Clinician Scientist

Honorary Consultant Haematologist

Wellcome-MRC Cambridge Stem Cell Institute

University of Cambridge, Department of Haematology

The Jeffrey Cheah Biomedical Centre

Cambridge Biomedical Campus

Cambridge

UK

利益声明

DH has received a research funding scholarship from Gilead Sciences.

Paneesha Shankaranarayana, MBBS

Consultant Hematologist

Heartlands Hospital

Birmingham

UK

利益声明

PS declares that she has no competing interests.

Rebecca Connor, MD

Chief Fellow

Section of Hematology and Oncology

Department of Internal Medicine

Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

Winston-Salem

NC

利益声明

RC declares that she has no competing interests.

Han Myint, MD, FRCP, FRCPath

Professor of Medicine

Director

Hematology Malignancies and Blood & Marrow Transplant Program

University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center

Denver

CO

利益声明

HM declares that he has no competing interests.

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