最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 22 六月 2018

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 心肌梗死
  • 心衰
  • β-受体阻滞剂与其他药物相关性毒性
  • 内部或外部任何部位出血
  • 有内部或外部出血的外伤
  • 胃肠液丢失
  • 肠梗阻并第三间隙液
  • 胰腺炎并第三间隙液或出血
  • 烧伤
  • 重度肾功能丧失
  • 肺栓塞
  • 脓毒性休克
  • 过敏反应
  • 中毒和药物不良反应

不常见

  • 心肌病
  • 心脏瓣膜病
  • 中暑和/或不显性液体损失
  • 张力性气胸
  • 心包填塞
  • 神经性休克
  • 肾上腺危象
  • 硫胺素缺乏病
  • 动静脉瘘

撰稿人

Samuel J. Stratton

Professor

Fielding School of Public Health

Professor

The David Geffen School of Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

SJS declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Samuel J. Stratton would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Patrick Nee, Dr Joseph C. Farmer, and Dr Srikanth Hosur, the previous contributors to this monograph. PN, JCF, and SH declare that they have no competing interests.

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Assistant Professor

Medical Intensive Care Unit

Henri Mondor Hospital

Creteil

France

利益声明

AMD declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Internal Medicine

University of Colorado Health Sciences Center

Denver

CO

利益声明

EC declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

LSU Health Sciences Center

Shreveport

LA

利益声明

HW declares that he has no competing interests.

Médecin Adjoint Agrégé

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Geneva University Hospitals

Geneva

Switzerland

利益声明

KB declares that he has no competing interests.

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