最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 12 三月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 功能性消化不良
  • 幽门螺杆菌感染
  • GORD 和食管炎
  • 消化性溃疡病
  • 胃轻瘫
  • 胃炎和十二指肠炎(伴或不伴糜烂)
  • 乳糖不耐受
  • 胆石症
  • 胆囊炎
  • 药物性消化不良
  • 乳糜泻

不常见

  • 上消化道恶性肿瘤
  • 肠道寄生虫:贾第鞭毛虫、隐孢子虫
  • 冠状动脉病变 (CAD)
  • 急性或慢性胰腺炎
  • 胰腺肿瘤/胰腺癌
  • 结石、狭窄或肿瘤导致的肝胆管梗阻
  • 高钙血症
  • 腹壁疼痛

撰稿人

Clinical Adjunct Professor

School of Medicine and Public Health

University of Wisconsin

Madison

WI

利益声明

NV has consulted for Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, Otsuka Pharmaceutical, Shire Pharmaceuticals, and Astellas Pharma. He has received research grants from Impleo Medical and Allergan.

Dr Nimish Vakil would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Nigel W. Flook, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

NWF declares that he has no conflicting interests.

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Professor of Medicine

Chief of GI Endoscopy

Rikshospitalet University Hospital

Oslo

Norway

利益声明

LA declares that he has no competing interests.

Gastroenterologist

Chief of Service

Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu de Québec

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec

Québec City

Québec

Canada

利益声明

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Division of Gastroenterology

Professor

Department of Medicine

McMaster University Medical Centre

Hamilton

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

PM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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