最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 12 六月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 婴儿期表现

其他诊断因素

  • 呼吸急促/呼吸短促 (SOB)
  • 生长迟缓
  • 运动不耐受
  • 脉压增宽
  • 足月儿中闻及的连续性机器样杂音/Gibson 杂音
  • 呼吸暂停
  • 舒张压低
  • 易怒
  • 发汗
  • 加重呼吸道症状的上呼吸道感染
  • 仅在收缩期闻及杂音
  • 心前区搏动增强
  • 收缩期震颤
  • 心尖部闻及第三心音
  • 心尖部闻及舒张中期隆隆样杂音
  • 外周脉搏呈洪脉
  • 肺部啰音

危险因素

  • 早产
  • 母体风疹
  • 呼吸窘迫综合征 (RDS)
  • 高海拔
  • 家族史
  • 女性
  • 黑人

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 胸部 X 线检查(CXR)
  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 超声心动图
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 心导管检查和血管造影术
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor, Pediatric Cardiology

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Chicago

IL

利益声明

JTJ declares that she has no competing interests.

Associate Professor, Pediatrics

University of Utah

Salt Lake City

UT

利益声明

NMP declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Joyce T. Johnson and Dr Nelangi M. Pinto would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Anji T. Yetman, a previous contributor to this monograph. ATY declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Acting Head

Department of Cardiology

Royal Children's Hospital

Melbourne

Australia

利益声明

MC declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Internal Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC)

Lubbock

TX

利益声明

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Pediatrics

Clinical Director

Pediatric Cardiology

The Children's Hospital

Denver

CO

利益声明

HMS declares that he has no competing interests.

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