最近审阅: 1 十一月 2020
最近更新: 23 十一月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 孕妇羊水过多的病史
  • 难以吞咽分泌物
  • 无法插入鼻胃管

其他诊断因素

  • 呼吸困难
  • 咳嗽
  • 窒息
  • VACTERL 联合征
  • 发绀

危险因素

  • 18和21三体综合征
  • 家族史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 产前超声
  • 产前 MRI
  • X线胸片或腹部平片
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 支气管镜检查
  • 食管镜
  • 钡餐
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor

UC Department of Surgery

UC Department of Pediatrics

Cincinnati Children's Hospital

Cincinnati

OH

利益声明

AJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Alexander J. Bondoc would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Steven S. Rothenberg, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

SSR declares that he has no competing interests.

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Surgeon in Chief

Professor of Surgery

Department of Pediatric Surgery

Children's Hospital of Michigan

Wayne State University School of Medicine

Detroit

MI

利益声明

MDK declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Director

Division Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC

Pittsburgh

PA

利益声明

TDK declares that he has no competing interests.

Emeritus Nuffield Professor of Paediatric Surgery

Institute of Child Health

University College

London

UK

利益声明

LS declares that he has no competing interests.

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