Occurs in 1 of every 3000 live births.
There are no known pre-disposing factors; however, the condition is associated with VATER syndrome.
Surgical intervention is required as a newborn.
Patients may have long-term complications, such as eating difficulties, GORD, and tracheomalacia.
Tracheo-oesophageal fistula is a malformation that arises from defective separation of the oesophagus and trachea. This most commonly results in a blind-ending upper oesophageal pouch with a fistulous connection between the distal oesophageal segment and the trachea.
Chief of Pediatric Surgery
Rocky Mountain Hospital For Children
SSR declares that he has no competing interests.
Surgeon in Chief
Professor of Surgery
Department of Pediatric Surgery
Children's Hospital of Michigan
Wayne State University School of Medicine
MDK declares that he has no competing interests.
Division Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
TDK declares that he has no competing interests.
Emeritus Nuffield Professor of Paediatric Surgery
Institute of Child Health
LS declares that he has no competing interests.
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