最后审阅: 8 十一月 2021
最后更新: 30 十月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 家族史
  • 皮肤不适感

危险因素

  • 遗传学
  • 感染
  • 局部外伤
  • 压力
  • 吸烟
  • 浅肤色
  • 酒精摄入(啤酒)
  • 体重指数(BMI)较高

诊断性检查

治疗流程

持续性治疗

撰稿人

作者

Andrea Chiricozzi, MD

Assistant Professor

University of Pisa

Consultant Dermatologist

University Hospital of Pisa

Pisa

Italy

利益声明

AC has served as an advisory board member and has been reimbursed as a consultant and/or speaker or has participated in clinical trials for AbbVie, Almirall, Fresenius Kabi, Leo Pharma, Lilly, Janssen, Pfizer, Sanofi Genzyme, UCB-Pharma and Novartis; AC is also the author of references cited in this topic.

鸣谢

Dr Andrea Chiricozzi would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr April W. Armstrong and Dr Tsu-Yi Chuang, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

TC declares that he has no competing interests. AWA is an investigator and consultant for Abbott, Amgen, and Janssen; AWA is also the author of references cited in this topic.

同行评议者

David Burden, MD, FRCP

Western Infirmary, Glasgow

Consultant Dermatologist Dermatology

Glasgow

UK

利益声明

DB is an author of a clinical practice guideline referenced in this topic. DB has been reimbursed as a consultant, researcher, and lecturer for Abbott, Leo, Pfizer, Merck, Janssen-Cilag, and Novartis.

Paradi Mirmirani, MD

Physician

Department of Dermatology

Kaiser Permanente Vallejo Medical Center

Vallejo

CA

利益声明

PM declares that she has no competing interests.

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