最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 31 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 典型年龄组(<15 岁或>25 岁)
  • 暴露于感染者
  • 前往疫区旅行
  • 未接种疫苗/未全程接种
  • 咽痛
  • 吞咽困难或发声困难
  • 呼吸困难
  • 哮吼性干咳
  • 假膜形成
  • 颈部肿胀
  • 皮肤病变
  • 呼吸受损

危险因素

  • 未接种疫苗的个体
  • 疫苗接种不完全的个体
  • 接触感染者
  • 前往疫区旅行
  • 皮肤破溃
  • 卫生差、拥挤和贫困

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 细菌学培养和显微镜检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 产毒性 Elek 试验
  • 白喉抗体
  • 多聚酶链式反应 (PCR)
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Professor of Paediatrics

Al Jalila Children's Specialty Hospital

Dubai

UAE

利益声明

WA declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatrician

Al Jalila Children's Specialty Hospital

Dubai

UAE

利益声明

SFYA declares that he has no competing interests.

Pediatric Cardiology Fellow

Advocate Hope Children's Hospital

Chicago

IL

利益声明

NY declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Chief and Professor of Medicine

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

WAP declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

University of Connecticut Health Center

Farmington

CT

利益声明

GYW is on the medical advisory boards of the following: Gilead Sciences, Bristol-Myers Squibb, AbbVie, and Intercept.

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

West Virginia University School Of Medicine

Morgantown

WV

利益声明

LSN declares that she has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明