最近审阅: 25 九月 2020
最近更新: 24 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 乳房肿块
  • 乳头溢液
  • 腋窝淋巴结病

其他诊断因素

  • 皮肤增厚或发黑
  • 乳头内陷或脱皮

危险因素

  • 年龄增长
  • 女性
  • 种族本源
  • 阳性家族史
  • 基因突变
  • 内源性雌激素暴露
  • 外源性雌激素/孕激素暴露
  • 缺乏体力活动
  • 饮食不良
  • 饮酒
  • 放射暴露
  • 高社会经济等级
  • 吸烟
  • 良性乳房疾病
  • 乳房密度增高

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 乳腺超声检查
  • 乳房 MRI
  • 活检
  • 激素受体测定
  • HER2 受体测定
  • 基因表达分析
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York

NY

利益声明

KC declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology

Dubin Breast Center of the Tisch Cancer Institute

New York

NY

利益声明

AT has participated in speakers' bureau for Pfizer, Celgene, and Amgen.

Dr Krystal Cascetta and Professor Amy Tiersten would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Hope S. Rugo, Dr Amal Melhem-Bertrandt, Dr Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, and Dr Phuong Khanh H. Morrow, the previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

AMB, GNH, and PKHM declare that they have no competing interests. HSR receives research funding through the University of California from Novartis, Pfizer, Genentech, Macrogenics, Plexxikon, Merck, Nektar, and GSK. She has been reimbursed for travel by Novartis, Genentech, and Nektar. She has received speaker honorarium from Genomic Health.

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Assistant Professor

University of Louisville

Louisville

KY

利益声明

AC declares that she has no competing interests.

General Surgeon

General Surgery Department

Istanbul Training and Research Hospital

Istanbul

Turkey

利益声明

GC is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Medical Officer

Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Working Group

Division of Cancer Prevention

National Cancer Institute

Bethesda

MD

利益声明

ERS declares that he has no competing interests.

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