最后审阅: 5 七月 2021
最后更新: 23 二月 2021

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 学步儿童骨折(胫骨螺旋无移位骨折,腓骨完好)
  • Legg-Calvé-Perthes 病
  • 虐待儿童
  • 胫骨粗隆骨软骨病
  • 幼年特发性关节炎 (JIA)
  • 脑瘫
  • 脊柱裂
  • 阑尾炎

不常见

  • 股骨头骨骺滑脱症
  • 发育性髋关节脱位
  • 跗骨联合
  • 跟骨骨骺炎
  • 峡部裂
  • 幼年皮肌炎
  • 系统性红斑狼疮 (SLE)
  • 化脓性关节炎
  • 骨髓炎
  • 腓骨肌萎缩症 (CMT)
  • 肌营养不良
  • 血友病
  • 镰状细胞病
  • 白血病
  • 神经母细胞瘤
  • 良性骨肿瘤
  • 骨肉瘤
  • 尤因氏肉瘤
  • 佝偻病
  • 溶酶体贮积病
  • 复合性局部疼痛综合征

撰稿人

作者

Helen Foster, MBBS (Hons), MD, FRCPCH, FRCP, Cert Med Ed

Professor of Paediatric Rheumatology

Newcastle University

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

利益声明

HF has received unrestricted educational research grants from Pfizer, BioMarin, Sobi, and Genzyme to develop educational materials. HF has also received honoraria (e.g., for chairing of workshops at conferences) and served on advisory boards for Genzyme, BioMarin, and Pfizer; she has given any proceeds from this work to Newcastle University, UK to support her research activities.

Paula Drummond, MBChB, DCH, MRCP (UK), MRCPCH

Consultant Paediatrician

Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

利益声明

PD declares that she has no competing interests.

Sharmila Jandial, MBChB, MRCPCH, Cert Med Ed

Clinical Educational Research Fellow

Newcastle University

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

利益声明

SJ declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者

Jacqui Clinch, MB BS

Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist

Bristol Royal Hospital for Children

Bristol

UK

利益声明

JC declares that she has no competing interests.

Mark Wood, MB BS

Consultant Paediatric and Adolescent Rheumatologist

Leeds General Infirmary

Leeds

UK

利益声明

MW declares that he has no competing interests.

Sherilyn Driscoll, MD

Consultant

Assistant Professor

Mayo Medical School

Program Director

Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

利益声明

SD declares that she has no competing interests.

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