最近审阅: 24 九月 2020
最近更新: 25 一月 2017

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 在舌背上的槽和裂缝(裂缝舌)
  • 舌背中线的毛状突起(毛舌)
  • 在舌背上界限清楚的红斑区域(地图样舌)
  • 斑内萎缩性红色中心区(地图样舌)
  • 疑似迁移的病变(地图样舌)

其他诊断因素

  • 口臭(毛舌和裂缝舌)
  • 口气不佳(毛舌)
  • 变色(毛舌和裂缝舌)
  • 烧灼感(地图样舌)
  • 口腔黏膜疼痛(毛舌)

危险因素

  • 烟草使用(毛舌)
  • 饮用咖啡/茶(毛舌)
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal综合征(裂缝舌)
  • 唐氏综合征(裂缝舌)
  • 口腔卫生不佳(毛舌)
  • 氧化性漱口水的使用(毛舌)
  • 年龄增加(裂缝舌)
  • 年龄增长(毛舌)
  • 唾液过少(毛舌)

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant Senior Lecturer in Oral Medicine

School of Oral and Dental Science

University of Bristol

Bristol

UK

利益声明

KSS declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Konrad S. Staines would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor Aisha Sethi, the previous contributor to this monograph. AS declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Consultant Dermatologist

St Mary's Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

NOD declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Oral Pathology

Head of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology

VU University Medical Centre and Academic Centre for Dentistry

Amsterdam

The Netherlands

利益声明

IVDW declares that he has no competing interests.

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