最后审阅: 30 十月 2021
最后更新: 05 三月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 在舌背上的槽和裂缝(裂缝舌)
  • 舌背中线的毛状突起(毛舌)
  • 在舌背上界限清楚的红斑区域(地图样舌)
  • 斑内萎缩性红色中心区(地图样舌)
  • 疑似迁移的病变(地图样舌)

其他诊断因素

  • 口臭(毛舌和裂缝舌)
  • 口气不佳(毛舌)
  • 变色(毛舌和裂缝舌)
  • 烧灼感(地图样舌)
  • 口腔黏膜疼痛(毛舌)

危险因素

  • 烟草使用(毛舌)
  • 饮用咖啡/茶(毛舌)
  • 口腔卫生不佳(毛舌)
  • 年龄增长(毛舌和裂纹舌)
  • 唾液过少(毛舌)
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal综合征(裂缝舌)
  • 唐氏综合征(裂缝舌)
  • 口面部肉芽肿病(裂纹舌)
  • 氧化性漱口水的使用(毛舌)
  • 药物滥用(毛舌)

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

作者

Konrad S. Staines, BChD, FDS RCS (Eng), MOMED RCS (Edin), FHEA

Consultant Senior Lecturer in Oral Medicine

School of Oral and Dental Science

University of Bristol

Bristol

UK

利益声明

KSS is employed by an NHS Trust, University of Bristol. He performs non-remunerated work for the Royal Colleges (UK).

鸣谢

Dr Konrad S. Staines would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor Aisha Sethi, the previous contributor to this topic. AS declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者

Nuala O'Donoghue, MBBS

Consultant Dermatologist

St Mary's Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

NOD declares that she has no competing interests.

Issac van der Waal, DDS, PhD

Professor of Oral Pathology

Head of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology

VU University Medical Centre and Academic Centre for Dentistry

Amsterdam

The Netherlands

利益声明

IVDW declares that he has no competing interests.

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