最近审阅: 23 十月 2020
最近更新: 18 四月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 儿童期发病
  • 成年早期发病
  • 恶心
  • 头晕
  • 厌恶
  • 昏厥
  • 心动过速
  • 过度换气
  • 夸张的惊恐
  • 睡眠中断

危险因素

  • 躯体化疾病
  • 焦虑障碍
  • 情感障碍
  • 一级亲属患有恐怖症
  • 患有恐怖症的双胞胎
  • 厌恶体验
  • 应激和负性生活事件
  • 女性
  • 白种人
  • 父母的焦虑和过度保护
  • 负面情绪和行为抑制
  • 认知/注意偏差

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 自诉
  • 行为观察和接近行为评估测试(behavioral approach test)
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 结构化/半结构化临床访谈
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Instructor of Psychiatry

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Co-Director

Johns Hopkins Hospital Anxiety Disorders Clinic

Johns Hopkins University Medical Institute

Baltimore

MD 

利益声明

AH declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Amy Huberman would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Eve Friedl, Dr E. Blake Zakarin, Dr Craig N. Sawchuk, and Dr Bunmi O. Olatunji, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

EKF and EBZ declare that they have no competing interests. CNS is an author of a reference cited in this topic. BOO is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Professor

Clinical Training Program

Department of Psychology

University of Arkansas

Fayetteville

AR

利益声明

JML declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Institute of Living

Yale University

New Haven

CT

利益声明

DFT declares that he has no competing interests.

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