最近审阅: 七月 2020
最近更新: 十月  2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 无新陈代谢性疾病
  • 无易激惹、困倦
  • 无发热、咳嗽或鼻充血
  • 无外伤

危险因素

  • 最后一次睡眠采取侧卧、俯卧或倾斜睡姿
  • 同床而睡
  • 柔软的床面/环境
  • 母亲吸烟
  • 家中吸烟者数量增加
  • 在有儿童的房间中吸烟
  • 配方奶粉喂养
  • 未使用橡皮奶嘴
  • 早产
  • 母亲使用/滥用药物
  • 单身母亲
  • 孕妇年龄较小
  • 产前保健水平低
  • 母亲受教育水平低
  • 社会经济地位低
  • 黑人或美洲印第安人
  • 缺乏免疫

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 血液培养
  • 脑脊液培养
  • 尿液培养
  • 血清化学
  • 尿液化学
  • 照片记录
  • 骨骼检查
  • 解剖病理学
  • 玻璃体液化学
  • 肌肉活检
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Professor of Pediatrics

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Charlottesville

VA

利益声明

RYM receives grant funding from the National Institutes of Health, receives honoraria for speaking at various conferences, and is a board member of the International Society for the Study and Prevention of Perinatal and Infant Death. She has provided expert testimony in a case of an infant who died suddenly and unexpectedly.

Dr Rachel Y. Moon would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr John W. Berkenbosch, a previous contributor to this topic.

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Professor of Infant Health & Developmental Physiology

FSID Research Unit

Institute of Child Life and Health

St Michaels Hospital

Bristol

UK

利益声明

PF is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Professor and Vice-Chair

Department of Pediatrics

UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

New Brunswick

NJ

利益声明

TH declares that he has no competing interests.

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