最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 15 十一月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 激越时症状加剧
  • 特异性高音犬吠样咳嗽
  • 年龄:6 个月至 6 岁

其他诊断因素

  • 男性
  • 深秋时节为发病高峰
  • 前驱症状
  • 突发性症状
  • 症状在夜间加重
  • 声音嘶哑
  • 呼吸窘迫(胸骨/肋间凹陷、喘鸣)
  • 持续激越
  • 昏睡
  • 胸腹反常运动
  • 疲劳
  • 缺氧体征(苍白或发绀)
  • 高碳酸血症征象(继发于 PaCO₂ 升高,产生意识水平下降)

危险因素

  • 年龄:6 个月至 6 岁
  • 男性
  • 插管前

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Associate Professor

University of Calgary

Calgary

Canada

利益声明

CB declares that she has no competing interests. CB is the author of several references in this topic.

Professor

Department of Pediatrics and Physiology and Pharmacology

University of Calgary

Calgary

Canada

利益声明

DJ declares that he has no competing interests. DJ is the author of several references in this topic.

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Staff

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

JC declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

University of Ottawa

Ottawa

Canada

利益声明

KF declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Departments of Paediatrics and Medicine

Children's Hospital of Western Ontario

London

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

DM declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatrician

Children's Hospital and West Wing

John Radcliffe Hospital

Oxford

UK

利益声明

JH declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician

Department of Respiratory & Sleep Medicine

Royal Hospital for Sick Children

Edinburgh

UK

利益声明

SC declares that he has no competing interests.

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