头虱 (Pediculus humanus capitis) 是一种寄生在人类中的专性皮外寄生虫，以人血为食。 头虱感染（头虱病）主要影响社会活动活跃的人群，特别是年幼儿童。
Professor of Dermatology
Faculty of Medicine
University of Algiers
AS declares that she has no competing interests.
Professor Aicha Salhi would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor Hermann Feldmeier and Professor Barbara L. Frankowski, previous contributors to this topic. HF has received consultant and lecture fees from Pohl-Boskamp GmbH, and Co KG, Hohenlockstedt, Germany, and Almirall Hermal GmbH, Reinbek, Germany; both companies produce various anti-head louse compounds. He is also an author of several references cited in this topic. BLF is an author of a reference cited in this topic.
Laboratory of Public Health Entomology
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Harvard School of Public Health
RJP has received a research donation by Taro Pharmaceuticals (manufacturer of Ovide) and has been compensated as an independent consultant for scientific review services by Topaz Pharmaceuticals, Hatchtech, and ParaPro, each developing products for the US market. RJP holds no financial interest in any of these companies or their products. RJP is an author of several references cited in this monograph.
Medical Entomology Centre
University of Cambridge
IFB has been a consultant to various manufacturers of pharmaceutical products, alternative therapies, and combs for treating louse infections. IFB is an author of several references cited in this monograph.
Department of Parasitology
Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School
KYM is an author of several references cited in this monograph.