最后审阅: 18 九月 2021
最后更新: 04 二月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 尿布区域皮疹的急性发作
  • 尿布区域凸面红斑
  • 皮肤褶皱处无皮损

其他诊断因素

  • 念珠菌病特征
  • 金黄色葡萄球菌感染的特征
  • A 群链球菌感染的特征
  • 烦躁

危险因素

  • 幼龄(< 2 岁
  • 腹泻
  • 潜在的皮肤病
  • 口服抗生素
  • 不经常更换尿布
  • 过度使用婴儿护理产品
  • 过量清洁剂
  • 过度擦拭
  • 塑料内裤
  • 没有不穿尿布的时间
  • 潜在的皮肤感染

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 皮肤刮屑氢氧化钾试验
  • 皮肤细菌培养
  • 皮肤真菌培养
  • 全血细胞计数(FBC
  • 血清锌水平

治疗流程

持续性治疗

撰稿人

作者

Linda S. Nield, MD, FAAP
Linda S. Nield

Assistant Dean for Admission

Professor of Medical Education and Pediatrics

West Virginia University School of Medicine

Morgantown

WV

利益声明

LSN is an author of references cited in this topic.

Deepak Kamat, MD, PhD, FAAP
Deepak Kamat

Professor of Pediatrics

Vice Chair for Academic Affairs

Department of Pediatrics

UT Health San Antonio

San Antonio

TX

利益声明

DK is an author of references cited in this topic.

同行评议者

Jonette E. Keri, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery

University of Miami

Miller School of Medicine

Miami

FL

利益声明

JEK declares that she has no competing interests.

Martin E. Weisse, MD

Professor of Pediatric Infectious Disease

Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Washington

DC

利益声明

MEW declares that he has no competing interests.

Kam Lun Ellis Hon, MBBS, DCH, FAAP, FCCM

Associate Professor

Department of Paediatrics

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

China

利益声明

KLEH declares that he has no competing interests.

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