唇裂和腭裂

最后审阅: 19 四月 2022
最后更新: 26 八月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 双侧唇腭裂
  • 单侧唇腭裂
  • 单纯腭裂
  • 隐性唇裂
  • 单纯黏膜下腭裂
  • 产前超声结果阳性
更多 关键诊断因素

其他诊断因素

  • 喂养困难
  • 体重增加缓慢
  • 气道阻塞
其他诊断因素

危险因素

  • 遗传易感性
  • 畸形综合征
  • 抗惊厥药物
  • 吸烟
  • 孕妇饮酒
  • 叶酸缺乏
更多 危险因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 听力敏度图
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 听力脑干诱发电位(ABR)测试
  • 脊柱X射线
  • 肾脏超声
  • FISH
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

持续性治疗

完全性唇腭裂

单纯腭裂

单纯唇裂

撰稿人

作者

Travis T. Tollefson, MD, MPH, FACS
Travis T. Tollefson

Professor and Director

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Cleft and Craniofacial Team

University of California Davis

Sacramento

CA

利益声明

TTT has received an honorarium and reimbursement for travel by the AO Foundation for teaching on a facial trauma course. TTT serves on the American Board of Otolaryngology and the American Board of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and receives a royalty from Thieme publishing for the textbook Complete Cleft Care. TTT is an author of studies referenced in this topic.

David A. Shaye, MD
David A. Shaye

Instructor

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Harvard University

Boston

MA

利益声明

DAS has received an honorarium and reimbursement for travel by the AO Foundation for teaching on a facial trauma course.

同行评议者

Oren Friedman, MD

Assistant Professor to Director

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

利益声明

OF declares that he has no competing interests.

Philip Fischer, MD

Professor of Pediatrics

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

利益声明

PF declares that he has no competing interests.

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