最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 31 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 药物使用
  • 月经不规则
  • 贫血
  • 经前期紧张
  • 多毛症、痤疮、黑棘皮症
  • 现有躯体疾病

危险因素

  • 处于生育年龄两端(青春期后和绝经前)的女性
  • 多囊卵巢综合征
  • 内分泌系统疾病
  • 其他无排卵性疾病
  • 肥胖

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 妊娠试验
  • 全血细胞计数(FBC)
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 凝血指标
  • 血清 TSH 水平
  • 超声检查
  • 宫腔镜检查
  • 子宫内膜活检
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Centre for Women's and Newborn Health

Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research

University of Birmingham

Birmingham Women’s and Children’s Hospital

Birmingham

UK

利益声明

JG is an advisory member for Femcare Nikomed UK for the Filshie clip. He has received an HTA grant for the ECLIPSE trial; a randomised controlled trial comparing the Mirena coil with oral medical treatments for heavy menstrual bleeding. He has received travel costs for training workshops for Dilapan-S osmotic dilators for abortion and the induction of labour (Medicem).  

Senior Clinical Fellow

Department of Reproductive Medicine

St. Mary’s Hospital

Manchester

UK

利益声明

AS declares that she has no competing interests.

Clinical Research Fellow

MRC Centre for Reproductive Health

The Queen's Medical Research Institute

University of Edinburgh

Scotland

UK

利益声明

RC is supported as a Clinical Research Fellow by Bayer AG; RC declares that he has no other competing interests. 

Professor Gupta, Dr Sood, and Dr Chodankar would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Mohamed Mitwally and Dr Intisar Elnahhas, the previous contributors to this topic. MM owns a patent on the use of aromatase inhibitors for endometrial thinning before hysteroscopic surgery. The patent is licensed to Meditrina Company. IE declares that she has no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Department of Family and Community Medicine

Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Springfield

IL

利益声明

JA is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Associate Professor (CHS)

Department of Family Medicine

University of Wisconsin

WI

利益声明

SS declares that she has no competing interests.

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