最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 19 十一月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 与暴露场所其他患者症状类似
  • 咳嗽
  • 呼吸困难
  • 声嘶或发声困难
  • 头痛
  • 头晕
  • 呼吸急促
  • 缺氧
  • 面部烧伤
  • 上气道水肿
  • 喘鸣
  • 哮鸣音
  • 爆裂音
  • 意识丧失
  • 惊厥

其他诊断因素

  • 心动过速
  • 低血压
  • 恶心

危险因素

  • 已知的吸入暴露

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 脉搏血氧测量测定法
  • 动脉血气
  • 碳氧血红蛋白 (CO-Hb) 水平
  • 胸部 X 线检查 (CXR)
  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 心电监护
  • 尿毒物学筛查
  • 血清乙醇水平
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 肺功能检查 (PFT)
  • 喉镜检查和支气管镜检查
  • 血清乳酸
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Fellow

Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Department of Medicine

University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

利益声明

MRS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Department of Medicine

University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

利益声明

JTP declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Matthew R. Stutz and Dr Jason T. Poston would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Karen C. Dugan and Dr John P. Kress, previous contributors to this topic. KCD and JPK declare that they have no competing interests.

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Critical Care Fellow

US Army Burn Center

US Army Institute of Surgical Research

Brooke Army Medical Center

Fort Sam Houston

TX

利益声明

LCC declares that he has no competing interests.

Honorary Consultant in Anesthesia and Intensive Care

Queen Victoria Hospital

East Grinstead

Honorary Consultant

Royal London Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Cardiothoracic Medicine

St George's Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

BM declares that he has no competing interests.

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