最后审阅: 21 九月 2021
最后更新: 18 八月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 窒息危象
  • 单侧呼吸音减低
  • 单侧哮鸣音

其他诊断因素

  • 顽固性咳嗽
  • 发热
  • 呼吸困难
  • 双侧喘鸣音

危险因素

  • 意识水平下降(Glasgow 昏迷评分<9)
  • 年龄小于4岁
  • 年龄>70 岁
  • 延髓功能障碍
  • 男性
  • 脑血管病
  • 痴呆

诊断性检查

治疗流程

急症处理

撰稿人

作者

Arjun B. Chatterjee, MD, MS, FACP, FCCP, FAASM
Arjun B. Chatterjee

Professor of Medicine

Section on Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy, and Immunologic Disease

Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Winston-Salem

NC

利益声明

ABC declares that he has no competing interests. His opinions are his own and do not represent those of his employers: Wake Forest University School of Medicine; US Department of Defense - United States Navy; US Department of Veteran’s Affairs.

鸣谢

Dr Arjun B. Chatterjee would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Septimiu Murgu and Dr Henri Colt, the previous contributors to this topic. SM and HC declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Amber Young, BSc, MB ChB, FRCA

Consultant Paediatric Anaesthetist

Department of Anaesthesia

Frenchay Hospital

Bristol

UK

利益声明

AY declares that she has no competing interests.

Momen M. Wahidi, MD, MBA

Director

Interventional Pulmonology

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Duke University Medical Center

Durham

NC

利益声明

MMW declares that he has no competing interests.

Pyng Lee, MD

Senior Consultant

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Singapore General Hospital

Singapore

利益声明

PL declares that he has no competing interests.

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