最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 04 八月 2017

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 中央视力丧失或恶化
  • 闪光感
  • 外周视野缺损

危险因素

  • 玻璃体后脱离
  • 年龄增长
  • 近视超过 -8 D
  • 既往白内障手术史
  • 创伤
  • 眼部炎症/感染
  • 既往眼科手术史
  • 眼内肿瘤
  • 玻璃体出血
  • 累及对侧眼
  • 糖尿病
  • 外周视网膜变性
  • 解剖学异常
  • 与年龄相关的黄斑变性

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 视敏度检查
  • 裂隙灯检查
  • 间接检眼镜检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 患侧眼 B 型超声检查
  • 眼眶 CT/MRI
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Ferenc Kuhn

Director of Clinical Research

Helen Keller Foundation for Research and Education

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Birmingham

AL

Consultant and Chief Vitreoretinal Surgeon

Milos Klinika

Belgrade

Serbia

Consultant

Zagorskiego Klinik

Nałęczów/Rzeszów

Poland

利益声明

FK declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Kuhn would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Robert Morris, a previous contributor to this monograph. RM declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Consultant Ophthalmologist

Sunderland Eye Infirmary

Sunderland

UK

利益声明

DS declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Chairman of Ophthalmology

Mayo Clinic

Jacksonville

FL

利益声明

MWS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology

Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven

CT

利益声明

RA declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Ophthalmologist

Sunderland Eye Infirmary

Sunderland

UK

利益声明

SF declares that he has no competing interests.

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