最近审阅: 30 十月 2020
最近更新: 13 三月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 感觉异常
  • 夜间症状
  • 缓解因素(活动、伸展、按摩)
  • 发生在下肢,较少情况下发生在上肢和躯干

其他诊断因素

  • 饮酒
  • 咖啡因的使用

危险因素

  • 与缺铁症相关的状况
  • 妊娠
  • RLS 的家族史
  • 抗抑郁剂、抗组胺药和甲氧氯普胺的使用
  • 年龄增长
  • 女性
  • 吸烟
  • 肥胖
  • 糖尿病

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Sleep Physician

AC Wellness

Cupertino

CA

利益声明

NV declares that he has no competing interests.

Acting Medical Director

Stanford Sleep Medicine Center

Director

Stanford Center for Human Sleep Research

Associate Professor

Stanford University Medical Center

Stanford Sleep Medicine Center

Redwood City

CA

利益声明

CAK has received research grant support from XenoPort, the manufacturer of gabapentin enacarbil, and is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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Associate Professor

Interdisciplinary Pain Center and Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

University Medical Center Freiburg

Freiburg

Germany

利益声明

MH declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Head of Division of Sleep Medicine

Department of Medicine

National Jewish Health

Denver

CO

利益声明

TLC declares that he has no competing interests.

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